Kekaha Kai State Park

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Kekaha Kai State Park
Kua Bay in Kekaha Kai State Park
Kua Bay in Kekaha Kai State Park
Location in the Kona District on the northwestern coast of the Big Island
Location in the Kona District on the northwestern coast of the Big Island
Location within Hawaii
Location Hawaii, U.S.
Nearest city Kailua-Kona
Coordinates 19°47′32″N 156°1′31″W / 19.79222°N 156.02528°W / 19.79222; -156.02528[1]
Governing body Hawai'i Department of Land and Natural Resources
Hawaii State Parks

Kekaha Kai State Park, formerly known as Kona Coast State Park, is a beach park located along the north Kona coast on the island of Hawaiʻi. The main beach areas are Maniniʻowali Bay (Kua Bay), Makalawena beach at Puʻu Aliʻi Bay, and Mahaiʻula Bay. The park's name originates from the Hawaiian language words ke kaha kai which translate to "the shore line" in English.[2]

Park sections[edit]

The northern section of the park is on Maniniʻowali Bay located at coordinates 19°48′37″N 156°0′23″W / 19.81028°N 156.00639°W / 19.81028; -156.00639 (Kua Bay). This beach area is popularly called Kua Bay since it is easier to pronounce.[3] A paved road 2.6 mi (4.2 km) north of Kona International Airport leads to the beach.[4]

The wetland area behind Makalawena beach[5] was designated a National Natural Landmark in 1972.[6] The marsh is known as ʻŌpaeʻula Pond (Hawaiian for "red shrimp") and was the site of a small fishing village that was wiped out in the 1946 tsunami.[7] The 12 acres (4.9 ha) of wetland provide one of the last remaining nesting grounds of the āeʻo (Hawaiian stilt, Himantopus mexicanus knudseni), the ʻalae keʻokeʻo (Hawaiian coot, Fulica alai),[8] and the only known breeding area for the ʻaukuʻu (black-crowned night heron, Nycticorax nycticorax hoactli) in Hawaii.[6] The pond is located at coordinates 19°47′32″N 156°1′31″W / 19.79222°N 156.02528°W / 19.79222; -156.02528 (ʻŌpaeʻula Pond) in the privately owned area between the two sections of the state park.

Mahai'ula Bay

Mahaiʻula Bay is accessed by an unpaved lava road which heads west off the main highway a short distance north of the airport.[4] The Mahaiʻula section is located at coordinates 19°46′56″N 156°2′13″W / 19.78222°N 156.03694°W / 19.78222; -156.03694 (Mahaiʻula Bay) and has a sandy beach with a picnic area.[1]

A 4.5 mi (7.2 km) section of the historic Ala Kahakai coastal trail connects Mahaiʻula and Kua Bay. A hike up Puʻu Kuʻili offers a wide view of the coastline from the summit of the 342 ft-high (104 m) cinder cone.[1]

The park is open daily from 8:00 am – 7:00 pm.[1]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Hawaii State Parks". State of Hawaii. Archived from the original on 2016-02-06. Retrieved 2016-02-06. 
  2. ^ Mary Kawena Pukui and Samuel Hoyt Elbert (2003). "lookup of kahakai ". in Hawaiian Dictionary. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library, University of Hawaii Press. Retrieved October 11, 2010. 
  3. ^ John R. K. Clark (2004). "lookup of Kua Bay ". in Hawai'i Place Names: Shores, Beaches, and Surf Sites. Ulukau, the Hawaiian Electronic Library, University of Hawaii Press. Retrieved October 11, 2010. 
  4. ^ a b "North Kona: Map 1". Government of Hawaii. n.d. Archived from the original on 2011-10-06. Retrieved 2016-02-06. 
  5. ^ Envrironmental Sensitivity Index Map of Makalawena National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration
  6. ^ a b "Makalawena Marsh National Natural Landmark Designation 1972". National Park Service. 2010-05-03. Archived from the original on 2010-05-28. Retrieved 2016-02-06. 
  7. ^ John R. K. Clark, Beaches of the Big Island, University of Hawaii Press, 1985, ISBN 978-0-8248-0976-8, p.118
  8. ^ "ʻAlae keʻokeʻo or Hawaiian Coot" (PDF). Hawaii’s Comprehensive Wildlife Conservation Strategy. State of Hawaiʻi. 2005-10-01. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-11-03. Retrieved 2016-02-06.