Kelburn, New Zealand
View of Wellington Cable Car, Kelburn Park sports field and central business district, from the Botanic Garden
|Local authority||Wellington City|
|Train station(s)||Kelburn terminus, Wellington Cable Car|
|North||Wellington Botanic Garden, Thorndon|
Kelburn sits on the hills just west of the capital's central business district and is bordered by the Botanic Garden and the suburbs of Thorndon and Northland to the north, the suburbs of Karori and Highbury to the south west, and Aro Valley to the south.
The iconic Wellington Cable Car is a tourist attraction and public transport facility. Operating since 1902, it is a funicular railway that ascends from Lambton Quay in the central business district to Kelburn. The Wellington Cable Car Museum is next to its Kelburn terminus.
The main campus of Victoria University of Wellington is in Kelburn, and is home to the category 1 listed Hunter Building, the Adam Art Gallery and the Adam Concert Room. The cable car has a University stop next to Kelburn Park, which serves as a University and community sports ground.
Kelburn Village, on Upland Road, houses cafes, restaurants, a pub and local shops.
Several embassies and consulates are based in Kelburn, notably the Embassy of the People's Republic of China on Glenmore Street and the Embassy of the Republic of Indonesia on Glen Road.
The Kelburn Viaduct was one of New Zealand's earliest reinforced concrete bridges, and provides vehicle and foot access to Karori and other Western suburbs.
The suburb of 'Kelburne' was established after the Upland Estate Company purchased farmland from William Moxham in 1896. It was named after Viscount Kelburne, son of the Governor of New Zealand at the time. The 'e' at the end of 'Kelburne' was later omitted to avoid confusion with the suburb of Kilbirnie.
In 1898, the investors formed a company to build and operate the cable car, to distinguish the nascent suburb from competing residential developments. Kelburn was populated quickly following the opening of the cable car in 1902, with Victoria University's Hunter Building opening in 1904, the Dominion Observatory in 1907, construction of St Michael's Church in 1912, and of Kelburn Normal School in 1914.
The population of Kelburn was 3,642 at the time of the 2006 Census. Kelburn has a greater proportion of high-income households than the capital as a whole, and homes in the suburb are among the city’s most valuable. As well as homeowners, residents of Kelburn include undergraduate and postgraduate students seeking to live in the vicinity of Victoria University.
Kelburn has two co-educational primary schools. The decile 10 Kelburn Normal School was founded in 1914 as a school for educating primary school teachers, in the model of a French école normale primaire, and has a roll of around 350 students in years 1 - 8. Clifton Terrace Model School has a roll of around 65 students in years 1 - 8.
The northern area of Kelburn near Parliament Buildings and between the Botanic Garden and Kelburn Park has been home to the Todd family, one of New Zealand's wealthiest families. Business leaders Sir Ron Trotter and Lloyd Morrison and prominent lawyers including Sir Kenneth Keith and Sir John McGrath lived in Kelburn. Prominent residents have also included politicians and public figures such as Sir Keith Holyoake and Sir Guy Powles.
Kelburn's boundaries form an approximate triangle, with the Terrace Tunnel and State Highway 1 defining the eastern boundary, Bowen Street (west of State Highway 1) and Glenmore Street defining the northwestern boundary, and the hills above Aro Valley forming the southern boundary.
- Humphris Adrian; Mew Geoff (2009). Ring Around the City: Wellington’s New Suburbs 1900-1930. Wellington: Steele Roberts. ISBN 978-1-877448-67-6.
- Bourke, Kevin (2008). Kelburn, King Dick and the Kelly Gang: Richard Seddon & Political Patronage. Wellington: Hit or Miss Publishing. ISBN 978-0-473-13450-1.
- Quickstats about Kelburn
- Irvine-Smith, F. L. (1948). The Streets of My City: Wellington, New Zealand. Wellington, New Zealand: A. H. & A. W. Reed.
- "Western suburbs". Te Ara. Retrieved 12 November 2010.
- "Wellington Cable Car: History". Wellington Cable Car Limited. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- "Historic Dominion Observatory", Heritage sites by region, Department of Conservation, retrieved 10 October 2014
- "History", Inside St Mic's, St Michael's Anglican Church, Kelburn, retrieved 10 October 2014
- "About Us: History". Kelburn Normal School. Retrieved 10 October 2014.
- "Seatoun, Kelburn join Wellington's $1m club". Radio New Zealand. 3 November 2015. Retrieved 3 January 2016.
- "Suburb spotlight: Kelburn", Dominion Post, 14 November 2011, retrieved 10 October 2014
- Inder, Richard (27 February 2006), "Inside the Todd empire", The New Zealand Herald, retrieved 10 October 2014
- Orsman, Bernard (31 July 2014), "NBR rich list: Burger baron dining at top table", The New Zealand Herald, retrieved 10 October 2014
- Wellington City Council, LINZ suburbs map