Kelibia

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Kelibia
Kelibia is located in Tunisia
Kelibia
Coordinates: 36°51′0″N 11°6′0″E / 36.85000°N 11.10000°E / 36.85000; 11.10000Coordinates: 36°51′0″N 11°6′0″E / 36.85000°N 11.10000°E / 36.85000; 11.10000
CountryTunisia Tunisia
GovernoratesNabeul Governorate
Government
 • MayorFarid Ben Rejeb
Population
 (2014)
 • Total58 524
Time zoneUTC+1 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+2 (CEST)
Websitewww.commune-kelibia.gov.tn

Kelibia (Kélibia) (Arabic: قليبيةAbout this soundQlībiya), often referred to as Klibia or Gallipia by European writers,[1][2][3] is a coastal town on the Cap Bon peninsula, Nabeul Governorate in the far north-eastern part of Tunisia. Its sand beaches are considered some of the finest in the Mediterranean.[who?]

History[edit]

Known in Roman times as Clypia or Clupea,[1][2][3] (Ancient Greek: Κλυπέα) [4] the town was founded by the Carthaginians as the fortified town of Aspis (Ancient Greek: Ἀσπίς)[5][4] in the 5th century BC.[6] The Siege of Aspis in 255 BC was the first African battle of the First Punic War.

Kelibia, Cape Bon as shown on the 4th century Roman Map, Tabula Peutingeriana.

Clupea was also the seat of an ancient Christian bishopric.

At the Council of Carthage (411), which brought together Catholic and Donatist bishops, Clypia was represented by Bishop Leodicius and the Donatist Geminius. Aurilius was one of the bishops whom the Arian Vandal king Huneric summoned to Carthage in 484 and then exiled. Two other bishops of Clypia took part in the Council of Carthage (525) (Bishop Crescentius) and Council of Carthage (645) (Bishop Stephanus).[7][8][9]

No longer a residential bishopric, Clypia is now listed by the Catholic Church as a titular see.[10]

Sport[edit]

Kelibia is one of the best Tunisian volleyball clubs with the Kelibia Olympic Club, founded in 1957 and active since 1959; The club scored two Tunisian championship titles in 1977 and 2003, eight cups in 1972, 1974, 1975, 1976, 1978, 1989, 2004 and 2011 and an Arab Cup of clubs' champions in 1998.

Culture[edit]

Since 1964, Kélibia has hosted the Kelibia International Amateur Film Festival, the oldest of its kind in the country.

Kelibia today[edit]

The main landmark of Kelibia is the recently restored Kelibia Fort overlooking the harbor. Kelibia is a fishing port and is home to Tunisia's National Fishing School. The town has a population of 52,000 (2014 census).

The 'Muscat de Kélibia', a fruity regional white wine is widely recognized as one of the best of the country.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Kelibia (1981–2010, extremes 1968–2017)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 23.7
(74.7)
25.3
(77.5)
30.9
(87.6)
32.9
(91.2)
33.0
(91.4)
42.0
(107.6)
40.2
(104.4)
40.7
(105.3)
38.4
(101.1)
33.2
(91.8)
29.6
(85.3)
28.2
(82.8)
42.0
(107.6)
Average high °C (°F) 15.6
(60.1)
15.7
(60.3)
17.3
(63.1)
19.3
(66.7)
22.8
(73.0)
27.0
(80.6)
30.1
(86.2)
31.0
(87.8)
28.2
(82.8)
24.8
(76.6)
20.4
(68.7)
16.9
(62.4)
22.4
(72.3)
Daily mean °C (°F) 11.9
(53.4)
11.9
(53.4)
13.1
(55.6)
15.2
(59.4)
18.6
(65.5)
22.4
(72.3)
25.4
(77.7)
26.2
(79.2)
23.9
(75.0)
20.9
(69.6)
16.5
(61.7)
13.2
(55.8)
18.3
(64.9)
Average low °C (°F) 8.8
(47.8)
8.6
(47.5)
9.9
(49.8)
11.8
(53.2)
15.0
(59.0)
18.5
(65.3)
21.4
(70.5)
22.4
(72.3)
20.6
(69.1)
17.8
(64.0)
13.4
(56.1)
10.0
(50.0)
14.9
(58.8)
Record low °C (°F) 0.3
(32.5)
0.9
(33.6)
3.1
(37.6)
4.5
(40.1)
7.6
(45.7)
11.0
(51.8)
9.4
(48.9)
15.5
(59.9)
8.3
(46.9)
2.2
(36.0)
4.0
(39.2)
0.4
(32.7)
0.3
(32.5)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 83.3
(3.28)
62.6
(2.46)
50.1
(1.97)
36.3
(1.43)
22.0
(0.87)
6.7
(0.26)
5.1
(0.20)
3.8
(0.15)
45.4
(1.79)
79.9
(3.15)
74.8
(2.94)
90.0
(3.54)
560.0
(22.05)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm) 9.0 7.9 7.5 5.5 2.9 1.4 0.5 1.0 4.1 6.5 7.6 8.8 62.7
Average relative humidity (%) 76 76 76 75 75 72 71 73 74 75 75 76 75
Mean monthly sunshine hours 148.8 154.0 207.7 231.0 266.6 306.0 337.9 316.2 255.0 210.8 156.0 148.8 2,738.8
Source: Institut National de la Météorologie (precipitation days/humidity/sun 1961–1990)[11][12][13][note 1]

Twin towns — sister cities[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b George Sale, An Universal History (1760), vol. 19, p. 200
  2. ^ a b C.A. Schwetschke, Allgemeine Literatur-Zeitung (1822), Volumes 1–2, No. 134, col. 197
  3. ^ a b Pauli Iovii Novocomensis Episcopi Nucerini Historiarum sui temporis (1552), p. 363
  4. ^ a b Strabo, Geography, §6.2.11
  5. ^ Stephanus of Byzantium, Ethnica, § A134.15
  6. ^ Hole, Abigail, Grosberg, Michael and Robinson, Daniel (2007). Tunisia. Lonely Planet, p. 101. ISBN 1740599209
  7. ^ J. Ferron, v. Clupea in Dictionnaire d'Histoire et de Géographie ecclésiastiques, vol. XIII, Paris 1956, coll. 174-176
  8. ^ Stefano Antonio Morcelli, Africa christiana, Volume I, Brescia 1816, pp. 144–145
  9. ^ Pius Bonifacius Gams, Series episcoporum Ecclesiae Catholicae, Leipzig 1931, p. 465
  10. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana 2013 ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 872
  11. ^ "Les normales climatiques en Tunisie entre 1981 2010" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Archived from the original on 19 December 2019. Retrieved 20 December 2019.
  12. ^ "Données normales climatiques 1961-1990" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Archived from the original on 21 December 2019. Retrieved 20 December 2019.
  13. ^ "Les extrêmes climatiques en Tunisie" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Archived from the original on 21 December 2019. Retrieved 20 December 2019.
  14. ^ "Réseau des stations météorologiques synoptiques de la Tunisie" (in French). Ministère du Transport. Retrieved 20 December 2019.

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Station ID for Kelibia is 12827211.[14]

External links[edit]