Kellas cat

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Kellas cat
Mounted specimen of a Kellas cat
Mounted zoological specimen of a Kellas cat
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Mammalia
Order: Carnivora
Suborder: Feliformia
Family: Felidae
Subfamily: Felinae
Genus: Felis
Species:

The Kellas cat is a large black cat found in Scotland. It is an intraspecific hybrid between the Scottish wildcat (Felis silvestris silvestris) and the domestic cat (Felis catus). Once thought to be a mythological wild cat, with its few sightings dismissed as hoaxes, a specimen was killed by being caught in a snare in 1984 by a gamekeeper.[1][2] and found to be a hybrid between wild and domestic cat.[3] It is not a formal cat breed, but a landrace of felid hybrids. It is named after the village of Kellas, Moray, where it was first found. The historian Charles Thomas speculated that the Pictish stone at Golspie may depict a Kellas cat.[4] The Golspie stone, now held at the Dunrobin Castle Museum, shows a cat-like creature standing on top of a salmon which may allude to the characteristics ascribed to a Kellas cat of catching fish while swimming in the river.[5]

A researcher at the National Museum of Scotland examined eight Kellas cat specimens.[5] One carcass was already in the Museum's collection; the remaining seven were supplied by Di Francis,[6] who is described by Thomas as a "writer, researcher and practical naturalist".[5] He identified one of the animals as a melanistic wildcat;[5] this juvenile male was the first wildcat ever documented as melanistic in Scotland.[7] Most of the other specimens examined were concluded to be hybrids but more closely aligned to the wildcat; only one hybrid leaned more towards a domestic cat.[7]

The Kellas cat is described as being twenty-four to thirty-six inches (61 to 91 cm) long, with powerful and long hind legs and a tail that can grow to be around twelve inches (30 cm) long; its weight ranges from five to fifteen pounds (2.3 to 6.8 kg).[8] The animal snared in 1984 was fifteen inches (38 cm) to shoulder height and forty-three inches (110 cm) in length.[9] A specimen is kept in a museum in Elgin.[10] The Zoology Museum of the University of Aberdeen also holds a mounted specimen that was found during 2002 in the Insch area of Aberdeenshire.[11][12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bowers, Aron, "Kellas Cats, Scotching the Myth", Scottish Big Cat Trust, archived from the original on 4 October 2015, retrieved 4 October 2015
  2. ^ Francis (1993), p. 3
  3. ^ Nowak (2005), p. 237
  4. ^ Thomas (2013), p. 175
  5. ^ a b c d Thomas (2013), p. 174
  6. ^ Kitchener (1993), p. 211
  7. ^ a b Kitchener (1993), p. 213
  8. ^ Eberhart (2002), p. 269
  9. ^ Francis (1993), p. 6
  10. ^ "Elgin Museum, collection", Museums Galleries Scotland, archived from the original on 4 October 2015, retrieved 4 October 2015
  11. ^ "Catalogue record", University of Aberdeen, archived from the original on 4 October 2015, retrieved 4 October 2015
  12. ^ Kellas cat (Notice in display cabinet). Aberdeen: University of Aberdeen.

Bibliography[edit]

Further reading[edit]

  • Karl Shuker: Mystery Cats of the World. Robert Hale: London 1989. ISBN 0-7090-3706-6
  • Karl Shuker: "The Kellas Cat: Reviewing an Enigma". Cryptozoology, vol. 9, pp. 26–40 (1990)