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|Architectural style||Moorish Revival / Indo-Saracenic|
|Town or city||Batu Gajah|
|Completed||construction ended in 1926 before completion|
|Client||William Kellie Smith|
Kellie's Castle (sometimes also called Kellie's Folly) is located near Batu Gajah, and is about 20 minutes' drive from Ipoh, Perak, Malaysia. The unfinished, ruined mansion, was built by a Scottish planter named William Kellie Smith. According to differing accounts, it was either a gift for his wife or a home for his son. Kellie's Castle is situated beside the Raya River (Sungai Raya) which joins to the Kinta River.
William Kellie Smith (1870 - 1926)  was born in 1870 in Kellas, Moray Firth, Scotland. In 1890, at the age of 20, he arrived in Malaya as a Civil Engineer. He joined Charles Alma Baker's survey firm, who had won concessions from the state government to clear 9000 hectares of forests in Batu Gajah, Perak. With the substantial profits made from his business venture with Baker, Smith bought 1,000 acres of jungle land in the district of Kinta and started planting rubber trees and dabbled in the tin mining industry.
In time, he named his estate Kinta Kellas after his home farm "Easter Kellas" and went on to own the Kinta Kellas Tin Dredging Company as well. With his fortune made, he returned home to marry his Scottish sweetheart, Agnes, and brought her over to Malaya in 1903. They had a daughter named Helen the following year.
In 1909 Smith built his first mansion, "Kellas House" and in 1915 with the birth of his son and heir Anthony he started planning for a huge castle with Scottish, Moorish and Indian architecture. He brought in 70 craftsmen from Madras India. All the bricks and marble were imported from India, too. Included in the plan for the 6-storey tower was Malaya's first elevator, an indoor tennis court and a rooftop courtyard for entertaining.
Planning and early construction
During construction, a virulent strain of Spanish Flu struck his workmen. When his workmen approached him to build a temple nearby, Smith readily agreed. In return for his generosity, they built a statue of him beside the other deities on the temple wall. It is believed that a tunnel was built to the temple from the castle.
Smith's mansion is accessible from the main road through a bridge running across a stream. His house was so unique that it was even mentioned in the London Financier newspaper on 15 September 1911.
Construction difficulties and Smith's death
Unfortunately William Kellie Smith died at the age of 56 due to pneumonia during a short trip to Lisbon, Portugal in 1926.
William's wife was devastated and decided to move back to Scotland. In the end, Kellas House, later known as Kellie's Folly or Kellie's Castle, was sold to a British company called Harrisons and Crosfield.
Kellie's Castle today
Descendants of the Tamil labourers brought over to Malaysia to work on the mansion still live nearby even now. Kellie's Castle is now a popular local tourist attraction and was used as a setting in the 1999 film Anna and the King and 2000 film Skyline Cruisers.
- Tak Ming, Ho (2005). Generations - The story of Batu Gajah. MPH. ISBN 98340556 5 X.
- Thiedeman, Roger (3 December 2000). "Kellie's Castle: Fantasy or folly?". The Sunday Times (Sri Lanka).
- Tourism Malaysia - Kellie's Castle
- Kellie's Castle, Perak at Journey Malaysia
- Cameron Highlands Malaysia - Kellie's Castle
- A documentary video about Kellies Castle at TourMalaysia.com
- Kellies Castle at TraveltoPerak.com