Kelly D. Brownell

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Kelly D. Brownell
2016-10-13 174715 Dr. Kelly David Brownell at Harvard Chan School's Stare-Hegsted Lecture 18.jpg
Born (1951-10-31) October 31, 1951 (age 66)
Indiana
Residence Durham, North Carolina
Citizenship United States
Alma mater Purdue University, B.S.
Brown University, internship
Rutgers University, M.S., Ph.D.
Known for Research in obesity and prevention; food marketing, advertising, and legislation; sugary drink tax laws and legislation; public health policy
Awards James McKeen Cattell Award for Outstanding Dissertation in Psychology, New York Academy of Sciences;
Distinguished Alumni Award, Purdue University
Lifetime Achievement Award, American Psychological Association
Scientific career
Fields Psychology, Epidemiology, Neuroscience, Public Health
Institutions Duke University
World Food Policy Center
Sanford School of Public Policy
Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity at Yale
Thesis The Effect of Spouse Training and Partner Cooperativeness in the Behavioral Treatment of Obesity[1] (1977)
Doctoral advisor G. Terence Wilson
Website https://sites.duke.edu/wfpc/our-team

Kelly David Brownell (born October 31, 1951)[2] is a clinical psychologist and scholar known for his work on obesity and food policy. Dean of the Sanford School of Public Policy at Duke University through the 2018 academic year, Brownell is also the university's Robert L. Flowers Professor of Public Policy, and Director of its World Food Policy Center.[3] Prior to joining the Duke University faculty, Brownell served as Director of the Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity at Yale,[4] where he also held positions as Professor of Psychology; Professor of Epidemiology and Public Health; Chair of the Department of Psychology; and Head of Silliman College.[5]

Noted for his research and work dealing primarily with obesity prevention, as well as the intersection of behavior, environment, and health with public policy, Brownell has helped advise the White House[6] and Congress.[7] He is credited with coining the term "yo-yo dieting",[8] and was named as one of "The World's 100 Most Influential People" by Time Magazine in 2006.[9]

Personal background[edit]

Brownell was born in 1951 and was raised in Indiana. After receiving his Bachelor of Science degree in Psychology from Purdue University in 1973,[10] he was awarded a Ph.D in Psychology from Rutgers University in 1977.[11] His advisor was Oscar Krisen Buros Professor G. Terence Wilson.

Career[edit]

In 1977, Brownell became a member of the faculty of the Perelman School of Medicine at the University of Pennsylvania, serving as Assistant Professor, Associate Professor, and Professor of Psychology in Psychiatry until 1990. During this period, he also served one year as a Visiting Scientist at the National Institutes of Health (NHI) National Cancer Institute (NCI).[citation needed]

In 1991, he joined the Yale University faculty, where he held positions as the James Rowland Angell Professor of Psychology,[12] Professor of Epidemiology and Public Health, Director of the Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity, Chair of the Department of Psychology, and Head of Silliman College.[citation needed]

Brownell left Yale in 2013 to join Duke University as Dean of its Sanford School of Public Policy.[13] He also serves as the Robert L. Flowers Professor of Public Policy, Professor of Psychology and Neuroscience, Director of the World Food Policy Center, and a faculty affiliate of the Duke Global Health Institute.[14]

In 2017, backed by funding from the Duke Endowment, William R. Kenan Jr. Charitable Trust, and Blue Cross and Blue Shield of North Carolina Foundation, Duke University announced the formation of its new World Food Policy Center (WFPC), based at the Sanford School of Public Policy. Brownell is the center's founder and director.[15]

To date, he has authored 15 books and more than 350 scientific articles, papers, and chapters.[5][16] He has also contributed to mainstream media outlets.[17][18]

In addition to his faculty positions, Brownell has been named a Fellow by American Psychological Association (APA), Divisions 1, 12, 25, 38, and 47.[19]

Brownell was previously President of the Society of Behavioral Medicine;[20] Association for the Advancement of Behavior Therapy;[21] and American Psychological Association, Division 38: Society for Health Psychology.[22]

Awards and honors[edit]

  • Distinguished Alumni Award, Purdue University, 2001[23]
  • Elected member, Institute of Medicine, 2005[24]
  • Elected member, Connecticut Academy of Science and Engineering, 2006[25]
  • Research to Practice Dissemination Award, Society of Behavioral Medicine, 2007[26]
  • Graduate School Award for a Lifetime of Distinguished Accomplishments and Service, Rutgers University, 2008[27]
  • Person of the Year, New Haven Register, 2009[28]
  • Graduate Mentor Award, Social Sciences, Yale University, 2010[29]
  • Atkinson-Stern Award for Distinguished Public Service, The Obesity Society, 2010[30]
  • Distinguished Scientific Award for the Applications of Psychology, American Psychological Association, 2012[31]
  • Lifetime Achievement Award, American Psychological Association, 2012[32]
  • The World's Most Influential Scientific Minds, Highly Cited Researchers, Thomson Reuters, 2014, 2015[33]
  • David P. Rall Award for Public Health Advocacy, American Public Health Association, 2014[34]
  • Joseph Priestley Award, Dickinson College, 2017[35]

The Sanford School of Public Policy's Brownell-Whetten Diversity and Inclusion Award was established in 2016 to recognize the work of Brownell and fellow professor, Kate Whetten.[36]

Influence and impact[edit]

Brownell's paper, Understanding and Preventing Relapse, published in American Psychologist in August, 1986, was recognized at the time as one of the most frequently cited papers in psychology.[37] Named a "moral entrepreneur",[38] his influence is most visible in the food policy arena.

Recognized for introducing the idea of food taxes as a means of improving public health in 1994,[39] his work on soda taxes[40] has been used by cities, states, and countries seeking to implement them as a public policy tool and tax revenue strategy.[41] In commentary for Time Magazine's "Time 100 of 2006", former Arkansas governor and presidential candidate Mike Huckabee said of Brownell,[42]

...[he] has helped set the U.S. agenda by calling for a ban on sweetened-cereal ads aimed at kids and a tax on high-fat, low-nutrition food...

Brownell's influence is also seen in popular culture. Beyond having coined the term "yo-yo dieting", he is also credited with introducing the phrase "toxic food environment" in his book, Food Fight: The Inside Story of the Food Industry, published in 2004.[43] A frequent radio[44] and television guest,[45] he is the host of the Policy 360 podcast, and has appeared in a variety of feature films and documentaries:

Selected works[edit]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Brownell, Kelly D.; Heckerman, Carol L.; Westlake, Robert J.; Hayes, Steven; Monti, Peter M. (January 5, 1978). "The Effect of Spouse Training and Partner Cooperativeness in the Behavioral Treatment of Obesity". Behaviour Research and Therapy. 16 (5): 323–333. doi:10.1016/0005-7967(78)90002-5. Retrieved January 26, 2018. (Subscription required.)
  2. ^ State of Connecticut voter registration information
  3. ^ Gronberg, Ray (June 12, 2017). "3 deanships open at Duke ahead of new President Vince Price's arrival". The Herald-Sun. Retrieved January 25, 2018. 
  4. ^ "Background". UConn Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity. UConn Rudd Center for Food Policy and Obesity. Retrieved January 25, 2018. 
  5. ^ a b "Kelly D. Brownell". Sanford School of Public Policy. Retrieved January 29, 2018. 
  6. ^ Gold, Matea; Hennessey, Kathleen (July 21, 2013). "Michelle Obama's nutrition campaign comes with political pitfalls". The Baltimore Sun. Retrieved January 25, 2018. 
  7. ^ "TESTIMONY OF KELLY D. BROWNELL, Ph.D." (PDF). United States Senate Committee On Agriculture, Nutrition, & Forestry. United States Senate. March 6, 2007. Retrieved January 25, 2018. 
  8. ^ "When you lose weight - and gain it all back". NBC News. NBC. June 6, 2010. Retrieved January 26, 2018. 
  9. ^ "Kelly Brownell". Time Magazine. Retrieved January 25, 2018. 
  10. ^ "Meet our Distinguished Alumni". Psychological Sciences, College of Health and Human Sciences. Purdue University. Retrieved January 26, 2018. 
  11. ^ "Distinguished Alumni/ae Awardees". School of Graduate Studies. Rutgers University. Retrieved January 26, 2018. 
  12. ^ "Kelly Brownell named the James Rowland Angell Professor". Yale School of Medicine. Yale University. Retrieved January 26, 2018. 
  13. ^ "Kelly Brownell Named Dean of Sanford School". Duke Today. Duke University. Retrieved January 26, 2018. 
  14. ^ "Kelly Brownell". Duke University. Duke University. Retrieved February 6, 2018. 
  15. ^ Stancill, Jane (July 10, 2017). "How Duke and NC State may play a role in what and how we eat". News & Observer. Retrieved January 30, 2018. 
  16. ^ "Kelly Brownell". The Atlantic. Retrieved January 29, 2018. 
  17. ^ "Meet Big Soda — as Bad as Big Tobacco". Time Magazine. Time, Inc. Retrieved August 9, 2018. 
  18. ^ Brownell, Kelly D. (January 23, 2004). "The Sweet And Lowdown On Sugar". New York Times. Retrieved August 9, 2018. 
  19. ^ "Fellows Database". American Psychological Association. Retrieved January 29, 2018. 
  20. ^ "Past Presidents". Society of Behavioral Medicine. Retrieved January 31, 2018. 
  21. ^ "Past Presidents". Association for the Advancement of Behavior Therapy. Retrieved January 31, 2018. 
  22. ^ "People". SAmerican Psychological Association. Retrieved January 31, 2018. 
  23. ^ "All Distinguished Alumni Recipients". Purdue College of Liberal Arts. Retrieved February 1, 2018. 
  24. ^ Curtis, John (Spring 2006). "Six at Yale named to Institute of Medicine". Yale Medicine. Yale School of Medicine. Retrieved February 1, 2018. 
  25. ^ "Connecticut Academy of Science and Engineering Elects Twenty-Five New Members in 2006" (PDF). Connecticut Academy of Science and Engineering. Retrieved February 1, 2018. 
  26. ^ "Past Award Recipients". Society of Behavioral Medicine. Retrieved January 31, 2018. 
  27. ^ "Faculty Honors and Awards 2012". School of Arts and Sciences. Rutgers University. Retrieved January 31, 2018. 
  28. ^ Stannard, Ed (December 27, 2009). "Person of the Year says to eat, drink and be wary (with video)". New Haven Register. Retrieved March 29, 2018. 
  29. ^ "Graduate Mentor Award". Graduate Student Assembly. Yale University. Retrieved January 31, 2018. 
  30. ^ "TOS Award Recipients thru 2016" (PDF). The Obesity Society. Retrieved February 2, 2018. 
  31. ^ "Distinguished Scientific Award for the Applications of Psychology". American Psychological Association. Retrieved January 31, 2018. 
  32. ^ Weir, Kirsten (May 2012). "Lifetime Achievement". Monitor on Psychology. American Psychological Association. Retrieved January 31, 2018. 
  33. ^ "Archived Lists". Clarivate Analytics. Retrieved February 2, 2018. 
  34. ^ "Previous Rall Award for Advocacy Winners". American Public Health Association. Retrieved February 2, 2018. 
  35. ^ "Joseph Priestley Award". Dickinson College. Retrieved February 2, 2018. 
  36. ^ "Diversity and Inclusion". Sanford School of Public Policy. Duke University. Retrieved January 29, 2018. 
  37. ^ Garfield, Eugene (October 12, 1992). Psychology Research, 1986-1990: A Citationist Perspective on the Highest Impact Papers, Institutions, and Authors (PDF). Essays of an Information Scientist Series, Volume15: Of Nobel Class, Women in Science, Citation Classics and Other Essays. Institute for Scientific Information (ISI). ISBN 978-0894950933. 
  38. ^ Khuu, Diana L. (January 1, 2013). Weighing In: The Public Problem of Obesity (PhD). University of Pennsylvania. Retrieved February 5, 2018. 
  39. ^ O'Connor, Anahad; Sanger-Katz, Margot (November 26, 2016). "As Soda Taxes Gain Wider Acceptance, Your Bottle May Be Next". New York Times. Retrieved February 5, 2018. 
  40. ^ Park, Alice (December 13, 2010). "Study: Soda Taxes May Not Be Enough to Curb Obesity". TIME Magazine. Time, Inc. Retrieved February 5, 2018. 
  41. ^ Taubes, Gary; Kearns Couzens, Cristin (September 14, 2012). "Why Mike Bloomberg's 'Soda Ban' Could Actually Work". Daily Beast. IAC Publishing. Retrieved February 5, 2018. 
  42. ^ Huckabee, Mike (May 8, 2006). "Kelly Brownell". TIME Magazine. Time, Inc. Retrieved February 5, 2018. 
  43. ^ "Chocolate Flavored Toddler Formula. Yikes!". Huffington Post Lifestyle. Huffington Post. Retrieved February 5, 2018. 
  44. ^ Brownell, Kelly D. (June 7, 2017). "The Big Business of The Obesity Crisis". The Takeaway (Interview). Interviewed by Mary Harris. New York: Public Radio International and WNYC. 
  45. ^ Neal, Rome (November 26, 2016). "'Super-Sizing' America's Kids". CBS News. Retrieved February 5, 2018. 
  46. ^ "Super Size Me (2004)". BBFC. British Board of Film Classification. Retrieved February 5, 2018. 
  47. ^ "Big Mac: Inside the McDonald's Empire (2007)". IMDB.com. Internet Movie Database. Retrieved February 5, 2018. 
  48. ^ "Killer at Large (2008)". IMDB.com. Internet Movie Database. Retrieved February 5, 2018. 
  49. ^ Simon, Michelle (May 16, 2012). "HBO's 'Weight of the Nation' should have taken focus on food system change further". Grist. Grist Magazine, Inc. Retrieved February 5, 2018. 
  50. ^ MacVean, Mary (May 9, 2014). "'Fed Up' documentary lays blame for American obesity on food industry". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved February 5, 2018. 
  51. ^ "Sustainable (2016)". IMDB.com. Internet Movie Database. Retrieved February 5, 2018.