Kelmė

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Kelmė
City
Church of Kelmė
Church of Kelmė
Flag of Kelmė
Flag
Coat of arms of Kelmė
Coat of arms
Kelmė is located in Lithuania
Kelmė
Kelmė
Location of Kelmė
Coordinates: 55°38′0″N 22°56′0″E / 55.63333°N 22.93333°E / 55.63333; 22.93333Coordinates: 55°38′0″N 22°56′0″E / 55.63333°N 22.93333°E / 55.63333; 22.93333
Country Lithuania
Ethnographic regionSamogitia
CountyŠiauliai County
MunicipalityKelmė district municipality
EldershipKelmė eldership
Capital ofKelmė district municipality
Kelmė eldership
First mentioned1484
Granted city rights1947
Government
 • MayorVaclovas Andrulis
Area
 • Total7.85 km2 (3.03 sq mi)
Elevation
128 m (420 ft)
Population
(2017)
 • Total8,206
 • Density1,000/km2 (2,700/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+2 (EET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+3 (EEST)
WebsiteOfficial website
Kelmė church

Kelmė (About this soundpronunciation ) is a city in northwestern Lithuania, a historical region of Samogitia. It has a population of 8,206 and is the administrative center of the Kelmė district municipality.

History[edit]

Kelmė's name may come from the Lithuanian "Kelmynės", literally "the stubby place" because of the forests that were there at the time of its founding.[1]

Kelmė was first mentioned in 1416, the year that Kelmė's first church was built.[1]

Prior to World War II, Kelmė (Yiddish: Kelm‎) was home to a famous Rabbinical College, the Kelm Talmud Torah.

According to an 1897 census, 2,710 of Kelme’s 3,914 inhabitants were members of the town’s Jewish population, the vast majority of whom were merchants and traders and lived in the town.

Most of the Jews in Kelmė rural district were murdered during a mass execution on July 29, 1941. On August 22 a second mass execution occurred. On October 2, 1941, some Kelmė and Vaiguva Jews were murdered in Žagarė. The executions were committed by Lithuanians nazis, auxiliary police and Germans soldiers.[2] In total, the number of victims is 1250-1300 people.

People[edit]

Twin towns[edit]

Kelmė is twinned with:[citation needed]

City COA Country
Biłgoraj POL Biłgoraj COA.svg Poland Poland
Hódmezővásárhely WĘG Hódmezővásárhely COA.jpg Hungary Hungary

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Kelmė". Kelmė. Retrieved 3 June 2014.
  2. ^ http://www.holocaustatlas.lt/EN/#a_atlas/search/vcntfr=1000.vcntto=5000/page/3/item/216/

External links[edit]