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View of Kelmis
View of Kelmis
Flag of Kelmis
Coat of arms of Kelmis
Coat of arms
Kelmis is located in Belgium
Location in Belgium
Location of Kelmis in the province of Liège
Kelmis Liège Belgium Map.png
Coordinates: 50°42′N 06°00′E / 50.700°N 6.000°E / 50.700; 6.000Coordinates: 50°42′N 06°00′E / 50.700°N 6.000°E / 50.700; 6.000
CommunityGerman-speaking Community
 • MayorLouis Goebbels
 • Governing party/iesPFF
 • Total18.12 km2 (7.00 sq mi)
 • Total11,061
 • Density610/km2 (1,600/sq mi)
Postal codes
Area codes087

Kelmis (French: La Calamine) is a municipality located in the Belgian province of Liège, named for the historical deposits of calamine (zinc ore) nearby. As of 2011, the population was 10,881; the area is 18.1 square kilometres (7.0 sq mi) and the population density is 601.2 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,557/sq mi).[2]

The municipality consists of the following sub-municipalities: Kelmis proper, Hergenrath, and Neu-Moresnet.

The territory around the Vieille Montagne zinc mine in Kelmis was a neutral condominium of the Netherlands and Prussia (later Belgium and Germany) from 1816 to 1919 as Neutral Moresnet, with the Mayor of Kelmis being nominated by two commissioners from the neighbouring countries. Although there were attempts by locals at making it evolve into a fully independent microstate, all of them were thwarted and it remained under double-sovereignty and neutrality until its eventual annexation by Belgium after World War I.

In the nineteenth century a Low Dietsch dialect was spoken in Kelmis. Today Kelmis is bilingual: German and French and one of the nine municipalities of the German‑speaking Community of Belgium.

Church in the centre of Kelmis

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Wettelijke Bevolking per gemeente op 1 januari 2018". Statbel. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  2. ^ "Votre commune en chiffres: La Calamine" (PDF) (in French). SPF Economie. 2012. p. 2. Archived (PDF) from the original on 16 March 2016.

External links[edit]