Kelsey Grammer, May 2010
|Born||Allen Kelsey Grammer
February 21, 1955
Charlotte Amalie, U.S. Virgin Islands
|Occupation||Actor, voice actor, comedian, producer, director, writer, singer, activist|
|Spouse(s)||Doreen Alderman (m. 1982; div. 1990)
Leigh-Anne Csuhany (m. 1992; div. 1993)
Camille Donatacci (m. 1997; div. 2011)
Kayte Walsh (m. 2011)
|Children||6; including Spencer Grammer
Allen Kelsey Grammer (born February 21, 1955) is an American actor, voice actor, comedian, producer, director, writer, singer and activist.
Grammer is known for his two-decade portrayal of psychiatrist Dr. Frasier Crane on the NBC sitcoms Cheers and Frasier. He has won five Primetime Emmy Awards and three Golden Globe Awards, and has also worked as a television producer, director, writer, and as a voice artist on The Simpsons as Sideshow Bob (for which he received his fifth Primetime Emmy). Grammer has been married four times and has six children.
- 1 Early life
- 2 Career
- 3 Personal life
- 4 Awards
- 5 Filmography
- 6 References
- 7 Further reading
- 8 External links
Grammer was born February 21, 1955, in Saint Thomas, U.S. Virgin Islands, the son of Sally (née Cranmer; 1928–2008) and Frank Allen Grammer, Jr. (d, 1968), a musician and owner of a coffee shop and a bar and grill called Greer's Place. He had one younger sister, Karen Elisa Grammer (July 15, 1956 – July 1, 1975), who was less than two years younger than Kelsey. Grammer was two years old when his parents divorced. Grammer attended Pine Crest School, a private preparatory school in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, and later spent two years at the Juilliard School.
After leaving Juilliard, he had a three-year internship with the Old Globe Theatre in San Diego in the late 1970s before a stint in 1980 at the Guthrie Theater in Minneapolis, Minnesota. He made his Broadway debut in 1981 as "Lennox" in Macbeth, taking the lead role when Philip Anglim withdrew after receiving negative reviews. Grammer then played Michael Cassio in a Broadway revival of Othello, with James Earl Jones and Christopher Plummer. In 1983 he performed on the demo of the Stephen Sondheim–James Lapine production Sunday in the Park with George, starring Mandy Patinkin. In 2000, Grammer again played Macbeth on Broadway, in a production that closed after only 10 days.
On April 18, 2010, Grammer made his Broadway musical debut playing the role of Georges in a revival of the Jerry Herman/Harvey Fierstein musical La Cage aux Folles, for which he was nominated for a Tony Award for Best Performance by a Leading Actor in a Musical. Grammer originated the roles of Charles Frohman and Captain Hook in the Broadway premiere of the musical Finding Neverland in March 2015, continuing with the roles through June 28, 2015. He returned to the stage from January 19, 2016 to April 3.
Cheers and Frasier
Grammer came to broader public attention as Dr. Frasier Crane in the NBC sitcom Cheers. Grammer's former Juilliard classmate and Broadway co-star Patinkin suggested Grammer to the New York casting director, and he got what was supposed to be a six-episode job, but ended up as a regular cast member.
The character became the center of the spin-off Frasier, one of the most successful spin-offs in TV history. In addition to starring, he also directed more than 30 episodes, especially during the second half of the series, and sang the closing theme "Tossed Salads and Scrambled Eggs." Frasier was nominated for and won many awards during its 11-year run.
In 2001 he negotiated a US$700,000-per-episode salary for Frasier. His 20-year run playing Dr. Frasier Crane ties a length set by James Arness in playing Marshal Matt Dillon on Gunsmoke from 1955 to 1975 but was surpassed by Richard Belzer in playing Det. John Munch on Homicide: Life on the Street and Law & Order: Special Victims Unit since 1993.
In 2005, Grammer returned to television. He produced and appeared in an American adaptation of the British show The Sketch Show, which aired on Fox. The main cast consisted of Malcolm Barrett, Kaitlin Olson, Mary Lynn Rajskub and Paul F. Tompkins, as well as Lee Mack from the British version of the show. Grammer appeared in only short opening and closing segments in each episode. Many of the sketches from the British version were re-created, such as the "California Dreamin'", "English Course", and "Sign Language" sketches. Only six episodes of the show were made, and it was canceled after only four of them had aired.
In 2011 and 2012, Grammer starred in the Starz drama series Boss as a fictional mayor of Chicago in the mold of Richard J. Daley which premiered in October 2011. It was his first dramatic TV series. At the 2012 Golden Globe Awards Kelsey Grammer won the award for Best Actor in a Television Series Drama for his role on Boss. The show ran for 18 episodes over two seasons.
Grammer played a villain in the Paramount's Transformers movies' fourth installment, Transformers: Age of Extinction, starring Mark Wahlberg. Grammer and comedian and actor Martin Lawrence paired up to star in the comedy Partners for Lionsgate TV. The Lionsgate-produced show will be written and executive produced by Robert L. Boyett and Robert Horn, known for writing hit shows like, Family Matters, Living Single, Full House, Designing Women, and Perfect Strangers.
Grammer's well-known voice and mid-Atlantic accent make him popular for voiceover work. He has provided the voice of Sideshow Bob on The Simpsons, winning an Emmy Award for his work in the episode "The Italian Bob", his fifth Emmy win. He has appeared in eighteen episodes from the show's inception in 1989 through 2015's "Treehouse of Horror XXVI", in which his character has finally succeeded in killing Bart Simpson in one segment ("Wanted: Dead, then Alive"). Grammer supplied the voices for "Stinky Pete the Prospector" in 1999 Disney/Pixar film Toy Story 2, Vladimir in the Fox animated movie Anastasia, Rothbart in Barbie of Swan Lake, Zozi the Bear in the subsequently produced sequel Bartok the Magnificent, and the title character in the short-lived animated series Gary the Rat. He provided the opening speech and piano in The Vandals' song "Phone Machine" from the album Fear of a Punk Planet, and sang a rewritten version of the "grinch" on an episode of Just Shoot Me!. He was the voice of the mad scientist, Dr. Frankenollie, in the Mickey Mouse short Runaway Brain. He was also the narrator of "Mickey Mouse – Once Upon a Christmas".
Grammer's voice has been featured in many commercials. One of the earliest was a 1998 commercial for Honey Nut Cheerios, where he played the voice of the wolf in Little Red Riding Hood. Since 2006, Grammer has provided the voice for television commercials advertising Hyundai. In 2008, Grammer reprised his role of Dr. Frasier Crane in a commercial for Dr Pepper (Frasier and Cheers co-star Bebe Neuwirth also reprised her role as Lilith Sternin in the same commercial, albeit in voice only).
In 2016, Grammer provided his voice to the opening video package of World Wrestling Entertainment's global extravaganza WrestleMania 32.
In 1996, he starred in the feature comedy Down Periscope. Also, in the 1990s, he did several commercials for Snapper Mowers. Additionally his film work includes the role of Dr. Hank McCoy (also known as the Beast) in X-Men: The Last Stand, and he was the voice of Snowball in the live-action film adaptation of the George Orwell book Animal Farm. Grammer co-starred in the movie Swing Vote, playing the Republican incumbent. He played General George S. Patton in An American Carol. In 2010, he starred in The Kelsey Grammer Bill Zucker Comedy Hour.
Grammer has been married four times and has six children and one grandchild as of 2014[update]. His first marriage, to dance instructor Doreen Alderman, lasted from 1982 to 1990, although they were separated for the last six years of that period. They have one daughter, Spencer Grammer (born October 9, 1983), an actress on the CBS Daytime soap opera As the World Turns, the ABC Family show Greek, and the Adult Swim animated comedy Rick and Morty. Through Spencer, Grammer has one grandson, Spencer's son Emmett Emmanual Hesketh (born October 10, 2011).
After his divorce from Alderman, Grammer had a daughter, Kandace Greer Grammer ("Greer Grammer"; born February 15, 1992), with hair and makeup stylist Barrie Buckner. Greer is currently a cast member on MTV's show Awkward.
His second marriage, to former exotic dancer Leigh-Anne Csuhany in September 1992, lasted one year. Grammer filed for an annulment when Csuhany was three months pregnant and evicted her from their home. Grammer claimed that she was abusive and fired a gun at him.
In 1994, he met 28-year-old Tammy Baliszewski, also known as Tammy Alexander, at a bar in Manhattan Beach, California. In December 1994, they appeared together on the cover of People magazine, announcing their engagement and Grammer's substance abuse problems. They broke up in 1995.
In August 1997, Grammer married his third wife, former Playboy model Camille Donatacci. They had met on a blind date in 1996. They have a daughter, Mason Olivia (born October 24, 2001), and a son, Jude Gordon (born August 28, 2004), both born to a surrogate mother. During their marriage, several of Grammer and Donatacci's homes were featured in magazines, including ones in Malibu, California (February 2001, InStyle), Maui (May 2004, InStyle), Long Island, New York (April 2008, InStyle), Bachelor Gulch, Colorado (Architectural Digest), and Bel Air, Los Angeles (Architectural Digest). It was announced on July 1, 2010, that Donatacci had filed for divorce, citing irreconcilable differences. Grammer and Donatacci's divorce was finalized on February 10, 2011.
On August 12, 2010, Grammer announced that he was going to be a father for the fifth time with girlfriend Kayte Walsh, a British flight attendant 25 years his junior. However, in October, Grammer announced that Walsh had miscarried six weeks earlier. The couple announced their engagement in December 2010, and married at The Plaza Hotel in New York City on February 25, 2011, two weeks after the finalization of Grammer's third divorce. Grammer and Walsh have a daughter, Faith Evangeline Elisa (born July 13, 2012), and a son, Kelsey Gabriel Elias (born July 22, 2014). Faith's expected twin, a boy, died in utero.
Murder of Karen Grammer
On July 1, 1975, his younger sister, 18-year-old Karen Grammer, was abducted, raped, and murdered by Freddie Glenn and two other men. Glenn was up for parole in June 2009. In a letter to the parole board upon Glenn's hearing, Grammer (who was unable to attend the hearing as planned due to inclement weather delaying his flight) wrote:
She was my best friend and the best person I knew.....I loved my sister, Karen. I miss her. I miss her in my bones. I was her big brother. I was supposed to protect her--I could not. I have never gotten over it.....It very nearly destroyed me.
In an interview with Oprah Winfrey he stated that he could consider forgiving the men involved if they would at least take responsibility for the crime, but that they all continued to say that they had no involvement. In the same interview he expressed his loss of faith for a few years after Karen's passing. Grammer subsequently forgave Glenn.
Sex tape lawsuit
In 1998, Grammer filed a lawsuit against Internet Entertainment Group (IEG), which Grammer claimed had stolen from his home a videotape of him having sex with a woman. IEG countersued Grammer, denying it was in possession of such a tape, and Grammer's suit was eventually dropped. IEG President Seth Warshavsky later said, "We have been presented with another Kelsey Grammer tape. But we have no plans to air it. We are still evaluating it at this time." Grammer later reflected, "Whether or not you're a celebrity—even if you're just an old slob with a video camera—you don't realize you shouldn't do it. So you throw the tape in the back of a dark closet until your old girlfriend remembers it's there because you're famous now and she's not. But if you're not prepared to do the time, don't do the crime."
Substance abuse and legal issues
Grammer has a history as a frequent abuser of alcohol. In 1988, Grammer was arrested for drunk driving and cocaine possession and sentenced to 30 days in jail. In August 1990, Grammer was arrested again for cocaine possession and was sentenced to three years' probation, fined $500, and required to perform 300 hours of community service. In January 1991, Grammer was given an additional two years' probation for violating his original probation through additional cocaine use. The cast and producers of both Frasier and Cheers held interventions to attempt to help him. Grammer's personal problems affected his work; co-star Bebe Neuwirth and writer Ken Levine cited delays with rehearsals and filming due to his erratic behavior. Writer Dan O'Shannon recalled, however, that
He would ooze into the studio, his life all out of sorts. Jimmy would say "Action," and he would snap into Frasier and expound in this very erudite dialogue and be pitch-perfect. And Jimmy would yell "Cut!" and he would ooze back into Kelsey—glazed-over eyes, half asleep, going through whatever he was going through. It was the most amazing transformation I'd ever seen.
In 1995, Grammer was sued by ex-girlfriend Cerlette Lamme for defamation of character and invasion of privacy over content he included in his autobiography So Far. The same year, he was accused of statutory rape by the parents of his child's 17-year-old babysitter, but authorities cleared him when no evidence was found. In September 1996, he crashed his Dodge Viper while intoxicated, and subsequently checked into the Betty Ford Center (an alcohol rehabilitation clinic) for 30 days.
In August 2008, Bradley Blakeman, a former aide to George W. Bush, filed a copyright lawsuit in federal court on Long Island over Grammer's movie Swing Vote, claiming that parts of its plot and marketing had been stolen from him. The lawsuit claimed that Blakeman had given a copyrighted screenplay called Go November to Grammer in 2006, and that Grammer agreed to develop the project and star as a Republican president but instead ended up playing a similar role in Swing Vote, which was released on August 1, 2008. Grammer's spokesman dismissed the claims as "frivolous" and a "waste of time". The lawsuit claims that Blakeman's copyrighted screenplay had the same basic plot as Swing Vote.
On May 31, 2008, while paddleboarding with his then-wife Camille in Hawaii, Grammer experienced symptoms of a heart attack. After being hospitalized, it was confirmed that he had experienced a heart attack. He was discharged on June 4, 2008, and was said to be "resting comfortably" at his Hawaiian residence. Seven weeks after the attack, Grammer told Entertainment Tonight that, although at the time his spokesman described the attack as mild, it was in fact more severe, almost leading to his death, as his heart had stopped. Grammer thought Fox's decision to cancel his TV sitcom Back to You contributed to his health problems, stating that "It was a very stressful time for me, and a surprise that it was cancelled. But you know, everything that doesn't kill us—which it almost did—makes us stronger!".
On June 28, 2008, Grammer checked into an undisclosed Manhattan hospital after complaints of feeling faint. Other reports said Grammer was hospitalized for an irregular heartbeat. His publicist said that it may have been due to a reaction to medication.
Grammer is a member of the Republican Party and has expressed an interest in someday running for United States Congress. He is also interested in running for Mayor of New York. Grammer was a guest at President George W. Bush's first inauguration. Grammer endorsed Rudy Giuliani in the 2008 presidential primary and later campaigned for John McCain in the general election. Grammer promoted RightNetwork, a conservative start-up American television network. He endorsed Michele Bachmann for the Republican nomination for president in 2012. After Mitt Romney won the nomination, Grammer endorsed him.
Grammer won a number of Emmys, Screen Actors Guild Award, and Golden Globes for his work on Frasier. He was the first American actor ever to be nominated for multiple Emmy awards for portraying the same character on three different television shows (Cheers, Frasier, and Wings).
Grammer has received at least 45 nominations for major awards and has won on 18 occasions. He has received 14 individual Emmy Award nominations for four different television shows (plus an additional two as part of the Frasier ensemble) and has won five times. At the Golden Globes, he has received nine nominations and three times been victorious. He has received two People's Choice Awards, and in 1999 his directorial skills were recognized with a nomination for a Directors Guild of America award for directing an episode of Frasier. He received a Saturn Award nomination for Best Supporting Actor for his role in X-Men: The Last Stand. On May 22, 2001, he was presented with a star on the Hollywood Walk of Fame for television. On April 20, 2009, Grammer was presented the inaugural Television chairman's Award at the annual NAB Show in Las Vegas. In 2010, Grammer enjoyed his first Tony Award nomination for La Cage Aux Folles as Best Leading Actor in a Musical.
The following table gives a selection of the awards he has won.
|1992||Galaxies Are Colliding||Peter|
|1995||Runaway Brain||Dr. Frankenollie (voice)||Short film|
|1996||Down Periscope||Lieutenant Commander Thomas Dodge|
|1998||Real Howard Spitz, TheThe Real Howard Spitz||Howard Spitz|
|The Pentagon Wars||Major General Partridge||TV Film|
|1999||Animal Farm||Snowball (voice)|
|New Jersey Turnpikes|
|Standing on Fishes||Verk|
|Toy Story 2||"Stinky Pete" the Prospector (voice)|
|Bartok the Magnificent||Zozi|
|Mickey's Once Upon a Christmas||Narrator (voice)|
|2001||15 Minutes||Robert Hawkins|
|Just Visiting||Narrator (voice)||Uncredited|
|2002||Mr. St. Nick||Nick St. Nicholas / Santa Claus the 21st|
|2003||Big Empty, TheThe Big Empty||Agent Banks|
|Barbie of Swan Lake||Rothbart (voice)|
|2004||Teacher's Pet||Dr. Ivan Krank (voice)|
|A Christmas Carol||Ebenezer Scrooge|
|2005||Good Humor Man, TheThe Good Humor Man||Mr. Skibness||Also executive producer|
|2006||X-Men: The Last Stand||Dr. Henry 'Hank' McCoy / Beast||Nominated—Saturn Award for Best Supporting Actor|
|2007||Even Money||Detective Brunner|
|2008||Swing Vote||President Andrew Boone|
|An American Carol||General George S. Patton|
|2010||Crazy on the Outside||Frank|
|Middle Men||Frank Griffin|
|2011||I Don't Know How She Does It||Clark Cooper|
|2014||Legends of Oz: Dorothy's Return||Tin Man (voice)||Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Supporting Actor|
|X-Men: Days of Future Past||Dr. Henry 'Hank' McCoy / Beast||Cameo
Shared role with Nicholas Hoult
|Think Like a Man Too||Lee Fox||Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Supporting Actor|
|Transformers: Age of Extinction||Harold Attinger||Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Supporting Actor
Nominated—Teen Choice Award for Choice Movie Villain
|The Expendables 3||Bonaparte||Golden Raspberry Award for Worst Supporting Actor|
|Reach Me||Angelo AldoBrandini|
|2015||Bunyan and Babe||Norm Blandsford (voice)||Post-production|
|Killing Jesus||Herod the Great|
|2016||Neighbors 2: Sorority Rising||Shelby's father|
|1983||Kennedy||Stephen Smith||TV miniseries|
|1984||Kate & Allie||David Hamill||Episode: "Allie's First Date"|
|George Washington||Lt. Stewart||TV miniseries|
|1984–1985||Another World||Dr. Canard||Recurring role|
|1984–1993||Cheers||Dr. Frasier Crane||201 episodes
Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Supporting Actor in a Comedy Series (1988, 1990)
|1986||Crossings||Craig Lawson||TV miniseries|
|1987||Biography||George Washington||Episode: "Benedict Arnold"|
|J.J. Starbuck||Pierce Morgan||Episode: "Murder in E Minor"|
|1988||Dance 'til Dawn||Ed Strull||TV film|
|Mickey's 60th Birthday||Frasier Crane||TV Special|
|1989||Top of the Hill||TV film|
|1989||227||Mr. Anderson||Episode: "For Sale"|
|1990–present||Simpsons, TheThe Simpsons||Sideshow Bob (voice)||Recurring role
Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Voice-Over Performance
|1990||The Earth Day Special||Dr. Frasier Crane|
|Tracey Ullman Show, TheThe Tracey Ullman Show||Mr. Brenna||Episode: "Maria and the Mister"|
|1991||Baby Talk||Russell||Episode: "One Night with Elliot"|
|1992||Wings||Dr. Frasier Crane||Episode: "Planes, Trains and Visiting Cranes"
Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Guest Actor in a Comedy Series
|Star Trek: The Next Generation||Captain Bateson||Episode: "Cause and Effect"|
|1993||Roc||Detective Rush||Episode: "To Love and Die on Emerson Street: Part 2"|
|1993||Beyond Suspicion||Ron McNally||TV film|
|1993–2004||Frasier||Dr. Frasier Crane||264 episodes; also executive producer and director of 37 episodes
Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Comedy Series (1994–95, 1998, 2004)
American Comedy Award for Funniest Male Performer in a Television Series (1995–96)
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Television Series Musical or Comedy (1996, 2001)
Satellite Award for Best Actor – Television Series Musical or Comedy (1998, 2002)
Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Comedy Series
Viewers for Quality Television Award for Best Actor in a Quality Comedy Series (1995–98)
Nominated—American Comedy Award for Funniest Male Performer in a Television Series (1999, 2001)
Nominated—Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Television Series Musical or Comedy (1994–95, 1997–99, 2002)
Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Comedy Series (1999–2001)
Nominated—Primetime Emmy Award for Outstanding Lead Actor in a Comedy Series (1996–97, 1999–2002)
Nominated—Satellite Award for Best Actor – Television Series Musical or Comedy
Nominated—Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by a Male Actor in a Comedy Series (1995–2002)
Nominated—Screen Actors Guild Award for Outstanding Performance by an Ensemble in a Comedy Series (1995–99, 2001–04)
Nominated—Television Critics Association Award for Individual Achievement in Comedy (1997, 1999)
Nominated—Viewers for Quality Television Award for Best Actor in a Quality Comedy Series (1999–2000)
|1994||Innocent, TheThe Innocent||Det. Frank Barlow||TV film|
|1995||John Larroquette Show, TheThe John Larroquette Show||Dr. Frasier Crane||Episode: "More Changes"|
|1996||London Suite||Sydney Nichols||TV film|
|1997||Fired Up||Tom Whitman||2 episodes; also executive producer|
|1998||40th Annual Grammy Awards||Host||TV special|
|Pentagon Wars, TheThe Pentagon Wars||Major General Partridge||TV film|
|Just Shoot Me!||Narrator (voice)||Episode: "How the Finch Stole Christmas"|
|1999||Animal Farm||Snowball (voice)||TV film|
|2000||Stark Raving Mad||Professor Tuttle||Episode: "The Grade"|
|2001||Sports Pages, TheThe Sports Pages||Howard Greene||TV film|
|2002||Mr. St. Nick||Nick St. Nicholas/Santa Claus the 21st||TV film|
|2003||Benedict Arnold: A Question of Honor||George Washington||TV film|
|Becker||Rick Cooper||Episode: "But I've Got Friends I Haven't Used Yet"|
|Gary the Rat||Gary "The Rat" Andrews (voice)||13 episodes; also executive producer|
|2004||Christmas Carol, AA Christmas Carol||Ebenezer Scrooge||TV film|
|2005||Kelsey Grammer Presents: The Sketch Show||Various characters||4 episodes; also executive producer|
|Out of Practice||Directed 2 episodes|
|2006||Medium||Angel of Death/Bob||Episode: "Death Takes a Policy"; also executive producer|
|My Ex Life||Director|
|2007||Everybody Hates Chris||Directed episode: "Everybody Hates the Last Day"|
|2007–2008||Back to You||Chuck Darling||17 episodes; also executive producer|
|2009||Hank||Hank Pryor||Also executive producer|
|2010||The Real Housewives of Beverly Hills||Himself||During his marriage to Camille Donatacci Grammer|
|2010, 2012||30 Rock||Himself||3 episodes|
|2010||The Troop||Dr. Cranius|
|2011–2012||Boss||Mayor Tom Kane||18 episodes
Also executive producer
Golden Globe Award for Best Actor – Television Series Drama
Nominated—Critics' Choice Television Award for Best Actor in a Drama Series
|2014||Partners||Allen Braddock||10 episodes; also executive producer and directed two episodes|
|Who Do You Think You Are?||Himself||1 episode|
|2007||The Simpsons Game||Sideshow Bob|
|2008||The Simpsons Ride||Sideshow Bob|
As executive producer
|2001||Neurotic Tendencies||TV film; also director and writer|
|2004||Soluna Project, TheThe Soluna Project||TV film|
|2006–present||Game, TheThe Game|
|2007||Dash 4 Cash||TV film|
|2015–2016||Finding Neverland||Charles Frohman / Captain Hook||Broadway, Original Cast|
|2010–2011||Cage aux Folles, LaLa Cage aux Folles||Georges||Broadway, Revival Cast|
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...St. Thomas, the Virgin Islands. Kelsey had been born on the island on Feb. 21, 1955
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His first marriage was to dance instructor Doreen Alderman and lasted from 1982 to 1990 during which time they had one child, Spencer, now 26, an actress.
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|Wikiquote has quotations related to: Kelsey Grammer|
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kelsey Grammer.|
- Kelsey Grammer at the Internet Movie Database
- Kelsey Grammer at the Internet Broadway Database
- Kelsey Grammer at the Internet Off-Broadway Database
- Neal, Rome (February 4, 2003). "'Frasier' Meets 'Becker'". CBS News.