Kelshall

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Kelshall
St. Faith church.jpg
St Faith's church, Kelshall
Kelshall is located in Hertfordshire
Kelshall
Kelshall
Kelshall shown within Hertfordshire
Population163 (2011 Census)[1]
OS grid reference32925 36376
Civil parish
  • Kelshall
District
  • Hertfordshire
Shire county
Region
CountryEngland
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townROYSTON
Postcode districtSG8
Dialling code01763
PoliceHertfordshire
FireHertfordshire
AmbulanceEast of England
EU ParliamentEast of England
List of places
UK
England
Hertfordshire
52°00′36″N 0°03′50″W / 52.010°N 0.064°W / 52.010; -0.064Coordinates: 52°00′36″N 0°03′50″W / 52.010°N 0.064°W / 52.010; -0.064

Kelshall is a small village in North East Hertfordshire, England. It is near the town of Royston. It has a village hall and the local church is St Faith's. Kelshall is also the name of the civil parish. Kelshall also has a major road running along one of its boundaries. In the 1880s the church was described as being "ancient, plain, and good, with a tower; and contains a few brasses and monuments".[2]

In April 2015, North Hertfordshire District Council announced that Roman artefacts including a bronze dish and three jugs had been discovered in a field in Kelshall by a metal detectorist in late 2014, and that a subsequent archaeological dig had found two mosaic glass dishes which dated to approximately AD200.[3] In 2017, Ian Richardson, the treasure registrar for the Portable Antiquities Scheme, judged the dishes to be amongst the five most significant finds of recent years.[4]

Economy[edit]

Graph showing economic activity of people aged 16–74 in Kelshall

According to the 2011 Census, there are 87 economically active people in Kelshall, aged between 16–74. Only 22.3% of the total population is made up of full-time employees. There are 24 retired people, which make up 19.8% of the population.[5]

According to the 2011 Census, 44 of the economically active people are males.[6] 43 of these are female.[7] "The rate of unemployment in Kelshall is both lower than the average for Hertfordshire and lower than the national average, suggesting that finding a job in this area may be easier than other places"[8]

Industry[edit]

The number of people in Kelshall that are in manufacturing is 9, (10.8%), compared to 1 person working in Real Estate Activities (1.2%) and 5 people working in Financial and Insurance Activities (6.0).[9] There are many different industries in Kelshall, "The parish is mainly agricultural, the chief crops being wheat, oats and roots, and only a small proportion of the land is laid down to pasture".[10]

Travel[edit]

There are many key destinations that are accessible from Kelshall, using their local bus service, these are Royston, Hitchin and Letchworth.[11] "The village lies about 2 miles to the south of the Icknield way, with which it is connected by roads leading north, joining in the village and thence going to Therfield and the Ermine Street at Buckland". There is also a road that leads to Buckland and this is where the main part of the village is actually situated.[12]

Population[edit]

Total population of Kelshall civil parish, 1801–1961, as reported by the Census of Population

The population of Kelshall, on average, is actually older than the average age of Hertfordshire, also "The population of Kelshall as a whole, is older than the national average"[13]

As the graph shows, the population had increased from 1801 when it was 179 to the year 1851 when it was 326 and this was the peak population of Kelshall within this time period. From this year it then slowly decreased and the lowest the population stood at was 122 in 1961. According to the 2001 census, the population stood at 151. 79 of these people were married and that was their first marriage. 43 people were single and had never been married, while 9 people had been remarried.[14] The 2011 census shows a population of 163.[1]

Religion[edit]

As the graph shows, in 2001 there were 124 Christians in Kelshall. This group of people made up 73% of the population, at that time. This then decreased in 2011 as the number of Christians then was only 119, however, the percentage of Christians had actually gone up to 83.2% due to an overall population increase in Kelshall. From 2001–11 the number of Muslims increased from 0–2 and the number of non-religious people also experienced some change. In 2001 this number stood at 17, this means that this group of people made up 11.4% of the population at the time. This then increased in 2011 to 28 people, which was then 17.2% of the population.

St.Faith's Church[edit]

St.Faith's Church was restored thoroughly from 1868–70.[15] It is situated on the edge of the village and the ceilings are painted in a medieval style, which was done recently. The south door is also described as being "contemporary".[16] "Several small ponds lie on the east of the church, and from the formation of the ground it appears probable that there was once a moat here".[12]

Map of Kelshall civil parish from the 20th century

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Kelshall (Parish): Key Figures for 2011 Census: Key Statistics". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  2. ^ Wilson, John (1870). Imperial Gazetteer of England and Wales. Retrieved 27 January 2015.
  3. ^ "Metal detectorist in Kelshall unearths 'exceptional' Roman finds". BBC News Online. 13 April 2015. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
  4. ^ Cawley, Laurence (23 November 2017). "Treasure finds in England top 1,000 for first time". BBC News Online. Retrieved 24 November 2017.
  5. ^ "Economic Activity, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 13 July 2015.
  6. ^ "Economic activity – Males, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  7. ^ "Economic activity – Females, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  8. ^ "Kelshall Benefits & Unemployment Statistics". ilivehere. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  9. ^ "Industry, 2011". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  10. ^ "Parishes: Kelshall". British History Online. Victoria County History. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  11. ^ "Destinations by direct local bus from Kelshall". Carlberry. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  12. ^ a b "Parishes: Kelshall". British History Online. Victoria County History. Retrieved 21 July 2015.
  13. ^ "Kelshall Age Distribution Statistics". ilivehere. Retrieved 14 July 2015.
  14. ^ "Marital Status, 2001". Neighbourhood Statistics. Office for National Statistics. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  15. ^ "Listing Text". British Listed Buildings. English Heritage. Retrieved 17 July 2015.
  16. ^ "St Faith, Kelshall". Herefordshire Churches in Photographs. Retrieved 17 July 2015.

External links[edit]

Media related to Kelshall at Wikimedia Commons