Kelston Park

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Kelston Park
Kelston Park, from north-east.jpg
LocationKelston, Somerset, England
Coordinates51°23′38″N 2°25′47″W / 51.39389°N 2.42972°W / 51.39389; -2.42972Coordinates: 51°23′38″N 2°25′47″W / 51.39389°N 2.42972°W / 51.39389; -2.42972
Builtc. 1760s
ArchitectJohn Wood, the Younger
Listed Building – Grade II*
Official nameKelston Park
Designated1 February 1956[1]
Reference no.399989
Kelston Park is located in Somerset
Kelston Park
Location of Kelston Park in Somerset

Kelston Park is located in the village of Kelston, approximately 3 miles from Bath in North East Somerset, England. Altogether the house and gardens of Kelston Park cover an area of approximately 75 hectares (190 acres).[2] The house has been designated as a Grade II* listed building.[1] The garden is Grade II* listed in the National Register of Historic Parks and Gardens.[3]

The River Avon, Bristol & Bath Railway Path, A4 and railway track between Bristol and Bath can be viewed from the rear of the building, which is now primarily used as offices.

History[edit]

The first house on the site was north of the current building, beside the village church, where a walled courtyard and terraced earthworks are all that remains above ground.[4] The original manor house was built between 1567 and 1574 by John Harington and was later finished by his son, Sir John Harington. It was intended to be one of the grandest houses in the county.[2]

The Tudor mansion was demolished and the current house at Kelston Park was built on a ridge overlooking the Avon River, on the site of the Harington's summerhouse. It covers 13,202 square feet (1,226.5 m2) on three floors,[5] and was built around the 1760s by John Wood, the Younger for Sir Caesar Hawkins, who was Serjeant-Surgeon to Kings George II and III. Sir Caesar Hawkins commissioned Capability Brown to lay out the park in 1767-8.[2]

In 1828 it was sold by the Hawkins family to Joseph Neeld who built many of the outhouses. It passed down through the family to the Inigo-Jones family, who added an entrance lodge and the porch over the main entrance. The house was leased to the Methodist Church in 1967 for use as a training centre.[2]

In 1992 the property was purchased to become the headquarters of The Andrew Brownsword Collection,[6][7] which made greeting cards and were acquired by Hallmark Cards.[8] Some of businesses that used the offices included McMullen Commercial Property Consultants, R D Owen & Co Chartered Accountants, Harrington Wood Chartered Financial Planners, bzb IT, Steel Media, and Hart Greaves.

By 2019 office use was no longer economic in part due to the need for extensive maintenance and renovation work, and a planning application was made to convert the buildings into a hotel.[7][9]

Description[edit]

The rear of Kelston Park, from across the River Avon

The mansion house has two storeys and an attic level with a mansard roof, on an almost-square footprint five window bays wide. The front elevation is to the north, with a pediment and open porch with two heavy Tuscan columns. Adjacent to the west is a service yard surrounded by service buildings including kitchens, stables and a coach house. Further to the north-west is a walled garden and former farm buildings.[7]

On the south of the house and service buildings is a wide terrace enclosed by stone walls, with views south and east over the River Avon valley and toward Bath.[7]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Historic England. "Kelston Park and adjoining Service Wing and Coach-house and South Retaining Wall (1215080)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 18 November 2010.
  2. ^ a b c d "Kelston Park". Parks and Gardens. Retrieved 9 June 2013.
  3. ^ Historic England. "Kelston Park  (Grade II*) (1000536)". National Heritage List for England. Retrieved 10 November 2013.
  4. ^ Bond, James (1998). Somerset Parks and Gardens. Somerset Books. pp. 50–51. ISBN 978-0861834655.
  5. ^ "Kelston Park". Showcase. Archived from the original on 15 March 2012. Retrieved 18 November 2010.
  6. ^ "Our customers". C stem. Archived from the original on 11 September 2011. Retrieved 18 November 2010.
  7. ^ a b c d Kelston Park, Kelston Road, Kelston, Bath and NE Somerset - Statement of Significance and Heritage (PDF) (Report). JME Conservation Ltd. November 2019. Part of B&NES Planning Application 19/05181/FUL. Retrieved 6 December 2019.
  8. ^ "Hallmark Cards UK". Companies in the UK. Retrieved 18 November 2010.
  9. ^ Mills, Richard (5 December 2019). "Plans to turn huge 1700s mansion and grounds into hotel revealed". Bath Chronicle. Retrieved 6 December 2019.