This article needs additional citations for verification. (July 2017)
Kelty (Scottish Gaelic: Cailtidh) is a former coal mining village located in Fife, Scotland. Lying the heart of the old mining heartlands of Fife, it is situated on the Fife/Kinross-shire boundary and has a population of around 6,000 residents. This was nearer to 9,000 when the coal mining industry was still operational in late 1970s and early 1980s.
The origin of the name of the village is somewhat obscure. It could come from the Scottish Gaelic coillte or coilltean meaning 'wood' or 'woodland' or it could come from the Gaelic cailtidh, a reduced form of the early Gaelic *caleto-dubron, meaning 'hard water'. In either case, it was probably originally a Pictish name that was later adapted to Gaelic.
Kelty has two primary schools, St. Joseph's and Kelty Primary. After primary school, the majority of pupils go on to Beath High School, a comprehensive school in Cowdenbeath, or the local Roman Catholic school, St Columba's High School in Dunfermline. Kelty also has a modern community centre, and a modern library.
Kelty was part of the parish of Beath (Cowdenbeath) and had a quoad sacra mission church erected in 1894. The mission was upgraded to a chapel in 1897, its minister being Rev George Hunter MA who went to Liverpool in 1903. He was replaced by Rev William Henderson Adam who went to Calderbank in 1919 and was replaced by Rev William Thomson. It was created a separate parish in 1925.
- Willie Rennie, Leader of the Scottish Liberal Democrats (2011–present)
- Claire Baker, MSP for Mid-Scotland and Fife
- Stephen Husband, professional footballer
- Willie Penman, professional footballer
- Alex Rowley, Deputy Leader of the Scottish Labour Party (2015–17)
- "Mid-2016 Population Estimates for Settlements and Localities in Scotland". National Records of Scotland. 12 March 2018. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
- "Kelty (Fife, Scotland, United Kingdom) - Population Statistics and Location in Maps and Charts". citypopulation.de.
- "Kelty". Fife Place-name Data. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
- Fasti Ecclesiastae Scotia
- "Baker's concern at rise in domestic abuse". Central Fife Times. Retrieved 13 June 2021.