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Kelty is located in Fife
Location within Fife
Population6,730 (mid-2016 est.)[1]
OS grid referenceNT143941
Council area
Lieutenancy area
Sovereign stateUnited Kingdom
Post townKELTY
Postcode districtKY4
Dialling code01383
UK Parliament
Scottish Parliament
List of places
56°07′59″N 3°22′48″W / 56.133°N 3.380°W / 56.133; -3.380Coordinates: 56°07′59″N 3°22′48″W / 56.133°N 3.380°W / 56.133; -3.380
Kelty war memorial
Housing scheme on the west side of Kelty

Kelty (Scottish Gaelic: Cailtidh) is a former coal mining village located in Fife, Scotland. Lying the heart of the old mining heartlands of Fife, it is situated on the Fife/Kinross-shire boundary and has a population of around 6,000 residents.[2] This was nearer to 9,000 when the coal mining industry was still operational in late 1970s and early 1980s.

The origin of the name of the village is somewhat obscure. It could come from the Scottish Gaelic coillte or coilltean meaning 'wood' or 'woodland' or it could come from the Gaelic cailtidh, a reduced form of the early Gaelic *caleto-dubron, meaning 'hard water'. In either case, it was probably originally a Pictish name that was later adapted to Gaelic.[3]

Kelty is located next to the main Edinburgh to Perth road, the M90 motorway, and as a result of this has seen many houses built primarily for commuters to Edinburgh over the past five years.

Kelty has two primary schools, St. Joseph's and Kelty Primary. After primary school, the majority of pupils go on to Beath High School, a comprehensive school in Cowdenbeath, or the local Roman Catholic school, St Columba's High School in Dunfermline. Kelty also has a modern community centre, and a modern library.

The local football team is Kelty Hearts. In 2021 they were promoted to League 2 for the first time.


Kelty was part of the parish of Beath (Cowdenbeath) and had a quoad sacra mission church erected in 1894. The mission was upgraded to a chapel in 1897, its minister being Rev George Hunter MA who went to Liverpool in 1903. He was replaced by Rev William Henderson Adam who went to Calderbank in 1919 and was replaced by Rev William Thomson. It was created a separate parish in 1925.[4]

Notable people[edit]

Blairadam House[edit]

Blairadam House, just north of Kelty but on the west side of the M90, was the long-term home of the Adam family: William Adam, Robert Adam, John Adam, William Adam of Blair Adam, Charles Adam etc.


  1. ^ "Mid-2016 Population Estimates for Settlements and Localities in Scotland". National Records of Scotland. 12 March 2018. Retrieved 30 December 2020.
  2. ^ "Kelty (Fife, Scotland, United Kingdom) - Population Statistics and Location in Maps and Charts".
  3. ^ "Kelty". Fife Place-name Data. Retrieved 22 June 2020.
  4. ^ Fasti Ecclesiastae Scotia
  5. ^ "Baker's concern at rise in domestic abuse". Central Fife Times. Retrieved 13 June 2021.

External links[edit]