Kem Ley

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Kem Ley
Dr. Kem Ley.jpg
Native name
កែម ឡី
Born(1970-10-19)19 October 1970[1]
Died10 July 2016(2016-07-10) (aged 45)
Phnom Penh, Cambodia
Cause of deathAssassination
Resting placeTram Kak, Takéo, Cambodia
Alma materChulalongkorn University
University of Malaya (PhD)[2][3]
OccupationActivist
Physician
Political commentator
Known forPolitical commentary
2016 assassination
Political partyGrassroots Democracy Party[4] (2015–16)
Independent (Before 2015)
Spouse(s)Bou Rachana
Children5

Kem Ley (Khmer: កែម ឡី; 19 October 1970 – 10 July 2016) was a Cambodian activist, physician, and political commentator.[2] He was known for his political commentary, including trenchant criticisms of the current government led by Cambodian People's Party (CPP). This made him popular with many Cambodian people and the opposition Cambodia National Rescue Party. He was assassinated in what has been claimed to have been a politically motivated attack on 10 July 2016 at a petrol station in Phnom Penh.[5][6] He is the third notable activist to be killed in recent years, after union leader Chea Vichea in 2004, and environmental activist Chut Wutty in 2012.[7]

Education and career[edit]

Since 1998, he had worked as a researcher on HIV and AIDS projects and an analyst for a few non-governmental projects such as PSHRA and for other United Nations agencies such as UNDP, UNICEF, and UNAIDs, and for USAID. Ley was born in Leay Bou commune, Tram Kok district, Takeo province. He finished his medical studies in 1992, and continued his master's degree in research studies at Chulalongkorn University, Thailand, from 1996 to 1997. In 2008, he received his PhD from Malaya University, Malaysia.[8]

Political commentary[edit]

Kem Ley was in the midst of his “100 days with Khmer Families” campaign in which he spent time staying with the rural families to dig even more deeply to find out the root causes of the many issues facing Cambodia today.[9] He was also writing a series on his Facebook Page. The three known works he was working on include a 90-episode series of political articles which he called comedy series. He had just finished his 19th episode before his assassination; briefings of new findings during his 100-day campaign, and another story he named the “Black Man in a White Shirt”. He criticized the government over illegal logging, border issues, and corruption.[10] Just a few days before his assassination, Kem Ley was approached by many local and international reporters to ask for his comments on the Global Witness report attacking Hun Sen’s family. The report was named, “Hostile Takeover: The Corporate Empire of Cambodia’s Ruling Family.”[11]

In June 2015, he founded his own political party, the Grassroots Democracy Party.[4]

Personal life[edit]

Ley was survived by his wife Bou Rachana, four sons, and one unborn child.[2] Now his youngest son, Kem Ley Vireakboth, was born four months after his death. His wife expressed an interest to relocate her family to Australia for their safety.[12] His family fled Cambodia in August 2016 to an undisclosed location.[13]

Assassination and aftermath[edit]

Funeral procession

Ley was shot on the morning of 10 July 2016 in a café at a gas station in Phnom Penh.[14] His death came days after he had criticized Hun Sen's family following the release of the Global Witness report which valued the premier's family at a minimum of US$200 million.[7] A suspect was arrested, who later confessed to the crime.[5][7] The suspect, who was sentenced to life in prison, claimed he shot Ley over a $3,000 debt, despite reports that no such debt existed because the two had never met.[15] His body was draped in the Cambodian flag, and was taken to Wat Chas pagoda at Chroy Changva district.[14] His death is widely believed to be politically influenced,[5][6][14] though Prime Minister Hun Sen has downplayed these claims.[16] His death was met with both domestic and international condemnations. The U.S. Department of State was "deeply concerned" by Ley's murder, and called for a full investigation.[17] Similarly, the United Nations also urged authorities to investigate.[18][19] The British ambassador to Cambodia Bill Longhurst called his death "a serious loss to Cambodia."[20][21] Prime Minister Hun Sen condemned the murder, and urged for a full investigation.[20]

His body was taken to his hometown in Takéo on 24 July 2016, with an estimated 2 million mourners at his funeral. It is the highest funeral turnout in history for a non-royal and non-government figure.[22] He was laid to rest the following day on 25 July.[23]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Kem Ley Facebook page
  2. ^ a b c "Who is Kem Ley?". Post Khmer (in Khmer). Retrieved 10 July 2016.
  3. ^ "កែម ឡី៖ "ខ្ញុំមិនមែនជាអ្នកវិភាគទេ"". Post Khmer (in Khmer). 10 July 2016. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
  4. ^ a b "Kem Ley to form national party". The Phnom Penh Post. 24 June 2015. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
  5. ^ a b c "Political analyst Kem Ley shot dead; suspect arrested". The Phnom Penh Post. 10 July 2016. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
  6. ^ a b "Popular Political Analyst Kem Ley Shot Dead". The Cambodia Daily. 10 July 2016. Retrieved 10 July 2016.
  7. ^ a b c "What's Behind the Death of a Prominent Cambodia Government Critic?". The Diplomat. 11 July 2016. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
  8. ^ Hun, Sereyvath (10 July 2016). "Summary Background of Dr. Kem Ley". VODHotNews. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
  9. ^ Pov, Meta (13 July 2016). "Assistant: Mr. Kem Ley had received death threats and promises of roles". VODHotNews. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
  10. ^ "Kem Ley: Government critic shot dead in Cambodia". Al Jazeera. 10 July 2016. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
  11. ^ Sok, Khemara (12 July 2016). "Q&A With Kem Ley: Transparency on Hun Sen Family's Business Interests is Vital". VOA News (English). Retrieved 13 July 2016.
  12. ^ Niem Chheng, Mech Dara & (14 July 2016). "'No safety here': Wife of Kem Ley seeks to relocate family to Australia". The Phnom Penh Post. Retrieved 14 July 2016.
  13. ^ "Kem Ley's family flees Cambodia". The Phnom Penh Post. 31 August 2016. Retrieved 31 August 2016.
  14. ^ a b c "Cambodia: Government critic Kem Ley gunned down while drinking coffee". CNN. 11 July 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
  15. ^ Wallace, Julia. "A Life Sentence in Cambodia, but Kem Ley's Murder Is Far From Solved". The New York Times. Retrieved 27 March 2017.
  16. ^ "Cambodian PM orders 'vigorous' investigation into critic's killing". The Guardian. 11 July 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
  17. ^ "U.S. Urges 'Thorough and Impartial' Investigation Into Cambodian Activist's Murder". Times. 11 July 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
  18. ^ "UN, UN Rights Experts Condemn Killing Of Cambodian Political Analyst And Activist Kem Ley". United Nations. 13 July 2016. Retrieved 13 July 2016.
  19. ^ "United States, UN Official Call for Investigation into Analyst Killaing". Voice of America. 11 July 2016. Retrieved 12 July 2016.
  20. ^ a b "Cambodian government critic shot dead in Phnom Penh". The Guardian. 10 July 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2016.
  21. ^ "Cambodian activist Kem Ley shot dead in Phnom Penh". BBC News. 10 July 2016. Retrieved 11 July 2016.[permanent dead link]
  22. ^ "សពបណ្ឌិតកែមឡីត្រូវបានដង្ហែដល់ខេត្តតាកែវហើយខណៈមានអ្នកចូលរួមប្រមាណ២លាននាក់". RFA Khmer (in Khmer). Radio Free Asia. 24 July 2016. Retrieved 24 July 2016.
  23. ^ "ទិដ្ឋភាពបញ្ចុះសពបណ្ឌិតកែមឡីនៅស្រុកកំណើត". RFA Khmer (in Khmer). Radio Free Asia. 25 July 2016. Retrieved 25 July 2016.