|• Mayor||Mustafa Haznedar (AKP)|
|• Kaymakam||Fatih Kaya|
|• District||1,093.61 km2 (422.25 sq mi)|
|Elevation||1,130 m (3,710 ft)|
|• District density||4.6/km2 (12/sq mi)|
The town is known for its historic architecture, including many Ottoman-era houses. It is also notable for its commanding view of the river Karasu (Euphrates) flowing south through a gorge above the Keban dam.
Agn was founded in 1021 by King Senekerim-Hovhannes Artsruni of Vaspurakan(Van) with thousands of Armenian colonists from the lake Van region. Later in the early 1300s, thousands of Armenian refugees from Ani fleeing from the devastating earthquake of 1319 also settled in the region. Under Byzantine rule, a portion of the Armenian population had become Chalcedonian and joined the Byzantine church, becoming known as Hayhurum.
The British explorer Francis Rawdon Chesney followed the course of the Euphrates for a survey expedition between 1835 and 1837, and mentions Eğin as "a town of 2700 houses on the right bank". In comparison, he counts about 3000 houses in Erzincan and 2923 families in Malatya. Chesney describes Eğin's situation in a deep valley where the "mountains rise to about 4000 feet on each side of this singular fissure, which is so narrow that it is crossed by a bridge between lofty limestone precipices seeming to overhang the town and as it were to threaten its destruction."
Charles William Wilson (1895). Handbook for Travellers in Asia Minor, Transcaucasia, Persia, Etc. pp. 251–252.
An Armenian historian Vahakn Dadrian reports that in 1896, the town was evenly divided between Armenians and Muslims (Turks and Kurds). He says that Eğin was notable for its prosperity and had previously escaped the 1895–1896 Hamidian massacres through a ransom payment by the Armenians of 1500 Turkish gold pounds. However, British archaeologist David George Hogarth, writing for the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, noted massacres of Armenians in Eğin on November 8, 1895 and throughout the summer of 1896.
By 1911, Hogarth described Eğin as an important town in the Mamuretülaziz Vilayet "...picturesquely situated in a theatre of lofty, abrupt rocks, on the right bank of the western Euphrates, which is crossed by a wooden bridge. The stone houses stand in terraced gardens and orchards, and the streets are mere rock ladders."
On 21 October 1922, following the Turkish War of Independence, a decree was issued renaming Eğin as Kemaliye (and Selinti as Gazipaşa) in honor of Mustafa Kemal Pasha. The former name is still known and used locally and sometimes even beyond. Kemaliye was administered as part of Elazığ Province until 1926, and within Malatya Province between 1926 and 1938. In 1938 it was transferred to Erzincan Province.
The 1923 population exchange between Greece and Turkey (Greek: Ἡ Ἀνταλλαγή, Turkish: Mübâdele) stemmed from the "Convention Concerning the Exchange of Greek and Turkish Populations" signed at Lausanne, Switzerland, on 30 January 1923, by the governments of Greece and Turkey, had as result the evacuation of Egin from its Armenian-speaking Greek Orthodox minority population, inhabited there. After a most difficult journey of 8 months and more than a thousand kilometres, they reached the shores of Aegean and were transported (after various stations) in Diavata, near Thessaloniki and Kastaniotissa (new Egin), at the Greek island of Evia.
- Papken Siuni (1873-1896), leader of the Ottoman Bank takeover.
- Siamanto (1878-1915), Armenian writer, poet and national figure arrested on Red Sunday and killed during the Armenian genocide.
- Nikol Galanderian (1881-1944), Armenian composer of children's songs.
- Hasan Basri Aktan (born 1952), politician; transport minister for Turkey (1999)
- Ahmet Cömert (1926-1990), Turkish boxer, coach, referee, boxing judge and sports official
- Enver Gökçe (born 1920), Turkish poet
- Sait Munzur (born 1959), Turkish cartoonist
- Doğu Perinçek (born 1942), Turkish politician
- Ahmet Kutsi Tecer (1901–1967), Turkish writer, poet and national figure (born in Jerusalem to a father from the village of Apçağa near Eğin)
- "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
- "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
- Playfair, James (1813), A System of Geography, Ancient and Modern, 5, p. 136, retrieved 2 June 2011
- Chesney, Francis Rawdon (1850). The Expedition for the Survey of the Rivers Euphrates and Tigris. Longman, Brown, Green, and Longmans. p. 42.
- Wilson, Charles William (1895). Handbook for Travellers in Asia Minor, Transcaucasia, Persia, Etc. J. Murray. pp. 251–252.
- Dadrian, Vahakn N. (2003). The History of the Armenian Genocide. Berghahn Books. p. 146. ISBN 1-57181-666-6.
- Hogarth, David George (1911). Encyclopædia Britannica. 15 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 17. . In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.).
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