Kemenche or kemençe or Lyra is a name used for various types of stringed bowed musical instruments having their origin in the Eastern Mediterranean, particularly in Armenia, Greece, Iran, Turkey, Azerbaijan, and regions adjacent to the Black Sea. These instruments are folk instruments, generally having three strings and played held upright with their tail on the knee of the musician. The name Kemençe derives from the Persian Kamancheh, and means merely "small bow".
The Kemençe of the Black Sea (Turkish Karadeniz kemençesi, Greek Pontic kemenche, Pontic lyra, Ποντιακή λύρα) is a box-shaped lute (321.322), while the classical kemençe (or Klasik kemençe, Armudî kemençe, Politiki lyra; Greek: Πολίτικη Λύρα) is a bowl-shaped lute (321.321).
Other bowed instruments have names sharing the same Persian etymology include the kamancheh (or Kabak kemane in Turkish), a spike lute (321.31), and the Cappadocian kemane, an instrument closely related to the kemenche of the Black Sea with added sympathetic strings.
- McCollum, Jonathan (2014). "Kamancha." New Grove Dictionary of Musical Instruments. Second Edition. Oxford University Press. ISBN 9780199743391.
- Hugo Pinksterboer, Tipbook: Cello (2002), p. 106.
- "Middle East Focus" (PDF). TheStrad.com: 50–52. July 2007.
The Persian word for bow is kaman, and kamancheh is the diminutive form.[dead link]
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