|Coordinates: 51°21′57″N 6°25′10″E / 51.36583°N 6.41944°ECoordinates: 51°21′57″N 6°25′10″E / 51.36583°N 6.41944°E|
|• Mayor (2020–25)||Christoph Dellmann|
|• Total||68.79 km2 (26.56 sq mi)|
|Highest elevation||68 m (223 ft)|
|Lowest elevation||30 m (100 ft)|
|• Density||500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+01:00 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+02:00 (CEST)|
|Dialling codes||02152 / 02845|
|Vehicle registration||VIE / KK|
Kempen (German: [ˈkɛmpm̩] (listen)) is a town in the district of Viersen, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is situated approximately 30 kilometres (19 mi) northwest of Düsseldorf, and 20 kilometres (12 mi) east of Venlo.
- 1186: First mention in official documentation of Kempen as a place – the sovereign until 1794 is the Archbishop (electoral prince) of Cologne
- around 1290: Kempen is rebuilt as a fortified town
- 11 March 1294: First confirmation of Kempen as a town in official documentation
- 15th century: town blooms economically and culturally (population of approx. 4,200)
- 1542–1543: Kempen is the centre of the Reformation for the Lower Rhine
- 1579: The plague costs the town almost half of its inhabitants
- 1642: Kempen is conquered and destroyed by the allied French, Hessian and Weimar troops during the "Hessen War" (Thirty Years' War)
- 1794–1814: Kempen is under French rule. In the département of Roer established in 1797, Kempen becomes a canton seat in 1798 and a French town in 1801.
- 1815: After the Congress of Vienna, Kempen becomes Prussian and is the county seat
- 1929: Due to local reforms, Kempen becomes the administrative seat of the county of Kempen-Krefeld
- 1966 onward: Restoration of the old town
- 1970: Communal restructuring: The communities of Hüls, St. Hubert, Tönisberg and Schmalbroich join Kempen along with the localities of St. Peter and Unterweiden to form a single town
- 1975: In further local reforms, Hüls is assigned to the city of Krefeld. The county of Viersen is formed and Kempen becomes part of "Kreis Viersen"
- 1984: The county seat is transferred from Kempen to Viersen.
- 1987: A cultural forum is opened in the Franciscan monastery after comprehensive restoration and renovation work.
- 11 March 1994: Date of the 700-year jubilee of the confirmation of Kempen as a town
Twin towns – sister cities
- Wambrechies, France (1972)
- Orsay, France (1973)
- East Cambridgeshire, England, United Kingdom (1978)
- Werdau, Germany (1990)
- Thomas à Kempis (c. 1380–1471)
- John Brugman (?–1473), Franciscan friar and preacher in Flanders
- Wilhelm Hünermann (1900–1975), priest and writer
- Adolph Moses Radin (1848–1909), rabbi
- Isabel Varell (born 1961), actress and singer
- Bernhard van Treeck (born 1964), psychiatrist and author
- Tobias Koch (born 1968), pianist
- ^ Wahlergebnisse in NRW Kommunalwahlen 2020, Land Nordrhein-Westfalen, accessed 30 June 2021.
- ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2021" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 20 June 2022.
- ^ "Partnerstädte". kempen.de (in German). Kempen. Retrieved 28 February 2021.
- Official website (in German)
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Wood, James, ed. (1907). "Kempen". The Nuttall Encyclopædia. London and New York: Frederick Warne.