Kempen, Germany

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Kempen
Old School Street
Old School Street
Coat of arms of Kempen
Coat of arms
Location of Kempen within Viersen district
Kempen in VIE.svg
Kempen is located in Germany
Kempen
Kempen
Kempen is located in North Rhine-Westphalia
Kempen
Kempen
Coordinates: 51°21′57″N 6°25′10″E / 51.36583°N 6.41944°E / 51.36583; 6.41944Coordinates: 51°21′57″N 6°25′10″E / 51.36583°N 6.41944°E / 51.36583; 6.41944
CountryGermany
StateNorth Rhine-Westphalia
Admin. regionDüsseldorf
DistrictViersen
Subdivisions4
Government
 • MayorVolker Rübo (CDU)
Area
 • Total68.79 km2 (26.56 sq mi)
Highest elevation
68 m (223 ft)
Lowest elevation
30 m (100 ft)
Population
 (2019-12-31)[1]
 • Total34,514
 • Density500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 • Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
Postal codes
47906
Dialling codes0 21 52 / 02845
Vehicle registrationVIE / KK
Websitewww.kempen.de
iPhone App

Kempen (German: [ˈkɛm.pn̩] (About this soundlisten)) is a town in the district of Viersen, in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is situated approximately 30 kilometres (19 mi) northwest of Düsseldorf, and 20 kilometres (12 mi) east of Venlo.

History[edit]

  • 1186: First mention in official documentation of Kempen as a place – the sovereign until 1794 is the Archbishop (electoral prince) of Cologne
  • around 1290: Kempen is rebuilt as a fortified town
  • 11 March 1294: First confirmation of Kempen as a town in official documentation
  • 15th century: town blooms economically and culturally (population of approx. 4,200)
  • 1542–1543: Kempen is the centre of the Reformation for the Lower Rhine
  • 1579: The plague costs the town almost half of its inhabitants
  • 1642: Kempen is conquered and destroyed by the allied French, Hessian and Weimar troops during the "Hessen War" (Thirty Years' War)
  • 1794–1814: Kempen is under French rule. In the département of Roer established in 1797, Kempen becomes a canton seat in 1798 and a French town in 1801.
  • 1815: After the Congress of Vienna, Kempen becomes Prussian and is the county seat
  • 1929: Due to local reforms, Kempen becomes the administrative seat of the county of Kempen-Krefeld
  • 1966 onward: Restoration of the old town
  • 1970: Communal restructuring: The communities of Hüls, St. Hubert, Tönisberg and Schmalbroich join Kempen along with the localities of St. Peter and Unterweiden to form a single town
  • 1975: In further local reforms, Hüls is assigned to the city of Krefeld. The county of Viersen is formed and Kempen becomes part of "Kreis Viersen"
  • 1984: The county seat is transferred from Kempen to Viersen.
  • 1987: A cultural forum is opened in the Franciscan monastery after comprehensive restoration and renovation work.
  • 11 March 1994: Date of the 700-year jubilee of the confirmation of Kempen as a town

Twin towns – sister cities[edit]

Kempen is twinned with:[2]

Notable people[edit]

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Bevölkerung der Gemeinden Nordrhein-Westfalens am 31. Dezember 2019" (in German). Landesbetrieb Information und Technik NRW. Retrieved 17 June 2020.
  2. ^ "Partnerstädte". kempen.de (in German). Kempen. Retrieved 28 February 2021.

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domainWood, James, ed. (1907). The Nuttall Encyclopædia. London and New York: Frederick Warne. Missing or empty |title= (help)