Ken Campbell (evangelist)
|Ken Campbell circa 2003|
|Leader of the Social Credit Party of Canada|
|Preceded by||Harvey Lainson|
|Succeeded by||final leader|
|Born||January 15, 1934|
|Died||August 28, 2006
Delta, British Columbia
Kenneth Livingstone (Ken) Campbell (January 15, 1934 – August 28, 2006) was a Canadian fundamentalist Baptist evangelist and political figure. He was the final leader of the Social Credit Party of Canada from 1990 to 1993.
Opposition to abortion and homosexuality
He became prominent in the Toronto area in the 1970s as a crusader against homosexuals and abortion rights, founding "Renaissance Canada" in 1974 to promote his views, particularly in education. He held frequent rallies against gay rights and regularly took out full page ads in newspapers, campaigning against the "homosexual agenda" and "secular humanism". Many such ads were printed following court decisions on gay rights, such as the 1998 Supreme Court ruling in Vriend v. Alberta. In 1979 outside the Toronto mayor's office, Campbell organized a protest rally against the gay publication The Body Politic alongside Christian television talk-show host David Mainse in response to an article it had published by Gerald Hannon in the December 1977/January 1978 issue (reprinted in March/April 1979) entitled "Men Loving Boys Loving Men." . While being interviewed by the media during the rally, Campbell stated, "when a group advocates the molestation of children one has to question the social constructive nature of the whole cause they represent." In 1980, Campbell published a book entitled No Small Stir: A Spiritual Strategy For Salting and Saving A Secular Society, with a forward from Jerry Falwell.
Campbell ran in elections at all levels in the 1980s and 1990s, particularly in the provincial riding of St. George—St. David, which included the centre of Toronto's gay community clustered around Church and Wellesley streets. In 1984, following the acquittal of Dr. Henry Morgentaler, he founded a group called Choose Life Canada which picketed abortion clinics in Toronto and other Ontario cities. On one occasion, he attempted to conduct a "citizen's arrest" against provincial Attorney General Ian Scott, after Scott refused to shut down an abortion clinic run by Morgentaler . Campbell later ran against Scott in St. George—St. David as a candidate of the Family Coalition Party in the 1990 provincial election. He campaigned as a fringe candidate for Mayor of Toronto the following year, but urged voters to support June Rowlands rather than himself to prevent Jack Layton from winning.
He once ran for mayor of Milton, Ontario against long-time mayor Gordon Krantz to protest having to pay the education portion of his municipal property taxes. Campbell refused to pay on the basis that he disagreed with the school curriculum. Campbell sent Krantz a letter during the campaign, saying that if he were elected, he would be too busy to be mayor so he would "deputize" Krantz and have him do the job.
Campbell took over the near-moribund Social Credit Party of Canada in 1990, and ran in a by-election in Oshawa. He placed eighth, with 96 votes. Under Campbell, the party began to re-embrace traditional social credit theory after years of moving away from it. He also began the process of officially rebranding the party as the Christian Freedom Party. While it was still officially registered under the Social Credit name, he used the "Christian Freedom" name in most of his speeches. However,. However, the party was only able to field 10 candidates for the 1993 election--well short of the 50 required for a party to keep its registration—and was deregistered by Elections Canada in October 1993. As a result, Campbell was forced to run as an independent, finishing last in a field of six candidates in Oakville. He ran a final time, again as an independent, in a 1996 federal by-election in Hamilton East, finishing in fifth place with 287 votes.
After being deregistered, the party continued as an incorporated non-profit entity known as the "Social Credit Party of Canada, Incorporated". Campbell occasionally used it as a podium for his political activities in order to preserve his church's status as a religious charity.
Life after politics
On June 12, 1999, Ken Campbell presented a workshop at the Media Ministry Conference held in conjunction with Tyndale University College & Seminary's Tyndale Arts, Media and Music Conference in Toronto, Ontario. For a number of years, Campbell hosted a daily Christian evangelical radio show on CJMR in Mississauga. In 1999, he protested a same-sex wedding ceremony at Brent Hawkes's Metropolitan Community Church. Around 2000, while recovering from prostate cancer, Campbell moved himself and his ministry from Ontario to the interior of British Columbia.
He died August 28, 2006, in palliative care in a Delta, British Columbia hospital.
- Csillag, Ron (September 23, 2006). "KEN CAMPBELL, CHRISTIAN CRUSADER 1934-2006". Globe and Mail.
- CBC Archives: Backlash against gays. (Archived television news broadcast). Toronto, Ontario, Canada: Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Originally aired January 7, 1979. Campbell appears at 2:05.
- Burman, John (September 7, 2006). "Fiery evangelist stuck to values". Toronto Star.
- Elizabeth Patton, "Campbell wants to campaign against himself, for Reform," Hamilton Spectator, 6 January 1992, T1.
- "CLERGYMAN WHO RENOUNCED HIS CANANDIAN CITIZENSHIP IN RESPONSE TO BILL C-43 ADDRESSES NATIONAL ``DAY OF PRAYER ON PARLIAMENT HILL, SAT., JUNE 2" [press release], Canada NewsWire, 1 June 1990, 15:39.
- "Communists lose official party status," Kitchener-Waterloo Record, 30 June 1994, B5; "Striking at the fringe," Hamilton Spectator, 4 October 1993, A8.
- "Media Ministry Conference".David Spencer's Media Spin. http://media.davidspencer.ca/wiki/Media_Ministry_Conference
- "Christian Voices of Influence". Mackey, Lloyd. christianity.ca. 05 Sep 2010. <http://www.christianity.ca/NETCOMMUNITY/Page.aspx?pid=2654>
- "More on Ken Campbell's Death" lifesite.net. 30 Aug 2006. <http://www.lifesite.net/ldn/2006/aug/06083007.html>