Ken Schaffer (born October 19, 1947) is an American inventor and former publicist.
In 1975 Schaffer invented the Schaffer-Vega Diversity System, a low-noise/wide dynamic range wireless guitar system that was form-factored as a wireless microphone in 1976. Schaffer-Vega made approximately one thousand wireless systems that retailed for $4,400 each. Among the first bands to adopt the Schaffer Vega Diversity System were the Rolling Stones, KISS, and AC/DC. Additionally, NASA used Schaffer's wireless microphones to improve astronaut voice communication.
In the 1980s, Schaffer developed a satellite tracking system that made it possible for United States intelligence agencies to monitor the internal television of the then-Soviet Union. The system tapped into the Soviet Molniya non-geosynchronous satellite constellation, which carried Moscow television to the Far North. With software engineer Warren Musselman, he developed an Apple II based automatic tracking system based on a red 3 meter dish on the roof of Columbia University's International Affair Institute in Manhattan allowed Soviet Studies graduate students to watch live Russian television. Other systems were installed at the University of Virginia, Charlottesville, The University of Michigan (Ann Arbor), The University of Pennsylvania, and various private owners. Schaffer then conceived and executed a project through which the fledgling Discovery Channel devoted a week to carrying Russian TV, for which he shared the National Cable Television Association's Golden Ace award.
In 2003, Schaffer invented a device called TV2Me, which enables customers to access their cable TV channels from anywhere in the world via a broadband Internet connection. The concept TV2Me introduced became known as 'placeshifting', as opposed to 'timeshifting'. The first TV2Me unit was purchased by musician Sting, who used it especially to follow his team, Newcastle United as he toured.
In the late 1960s and 1970s, Schaffer was publicist for Jimi Hendrix, Steven Tyler of Aerosmith, Todd Rundgren, Alice Cooper and for the Comet Kohoutek (on behalf of the American Museum of Natural History's Hayden Planetarium), among others, and in the 1980s Boris Grebenshchikov. Schaffer designed and custom built the guitar John Lennon used on his last album, Double Fantasy  and promoted Lennon's favorite movie, Alejandro Jodorowsky's El Topo, which ignited the cult of the Midnight Movie. In 1987, Schaffer conceived of a project which brought Russian singer/songwriter Boris Grebenshikov, often described as the "Bob Dylan of Russia" to the West. Grebenshikov recorded an album for Columbia Records produced by Dave Stewart that featured Eurythmics's Annie Lennox and The Pretenders' Chrissie Hynde was the first music collaboration between a Russian and Westerners. The project was documented by director Michael Apted in "The Long Way Home", who filmed Schaffer and Grebenshikov in St. Petersburg, Moscow, London, New York and Los Angeles.
- "Profiles: Opening Windows" The New Yorker, December 2, 1991
- Guitar Player Magazine, Eliminating the Physical Link Between the Guitar and the Amplifier, (PDF) Archived 2010-12-20 at the Wayback Machine.
- "How Ken Schaffer's TV2ME (or Something Just Like It, But Cheaper) Will Change Television Forever, PBS"
- "I Want My Moscow TV" New York Times"
- The New York Times, Columbia Tunes In Soviet Television
- NCTA List of Golden Ace Winners
- The New York Times, I Want my Moscow TV
- PBS.com, How Ken Schaffer's TV2Me Will Change Television Forever
- "From Russia With Rock" Chicago Tribune
- "I Want My Moscow TV", New York Times
- The New York Times, Should 'El Topo' Be Elevated To 'El Tops'?
- "Boris Grebenshikov, Russian Songwriter: A Collection of Songs from Boris Grebenshikov, Naxos World 2002"
- "SOVIET ROCK STAR PLANS VISIT, New York Times/(AP) May 21, 1987"
- Boris Grebenshikov: The Long Way Home
- https://www.nytimes.com/movies/movie/78532/Boris-Grebenshikov-The-Long-Way-Home/overview "Boris Grebenshikov: The Long Way Home (1996)" New York Times
- Alla Kliouka, IMDB