Kenneth Frank Charles Woolley, AM B Arch, Hon DSc Arch Sydney LFRAIA, FTSE, Architect, (29 May 1933 – 25 November 2015) was an Australian architect. In a career spanning 60 years, he is best known for his contributions to project housing with Pettit and Sevitt, the Wilkinson Award winning Woolley House in Mosman, and his longstanding partnership with Sydney Ancher and Bryce Mortlock. He is regarded as being a prominent figure in the development of the Sydney School movement and Australian vernacular building.
Ken Woolley was born in Sydney on May 29, 1933. He attended Sydney Boys’ High School and studied architecture at the University of Sydney, graduating in 1955. He joined Ancher Mortlock Murray & Woolley in 1964, just prior to Ancher's retirement. This practice has received all the major architectural awards and created numerous outstanding buildings which include the Australian Embassy in Bangkok, Town Hall House Sydney, the Park Hyatt at Campbell's Cove, the ABC Radio and Orchestra Centre at Ultimo, the Victorian State Library, the Control Tower at Sydney Airport, the Olympics and RAS Dome Exhibition and Indoor Sports Halls, the Olympic Hockey Stadium, the Sydney Convention Centre, Darling Harbour and the refurbishment of the Queen Victoria Building. The most recent recognition was to the State Library of Victoria with the 2006 Lachlan Macquarie Award for Heritage Architecture.
- Monograph: Australian Architects: Ken Woolley – RAIA 1985
- A.S.Hook RAIA Gold Medal Address Sydney 1994 ‘State of the Art’
- Walter Burley Griffin Memorial Lecture Canberra 1997 ‘Give Art a Chance’
- Monograph: The Master Architect Series IV Ken Woolley and Ancher Mortlock & Woolley Selected and Current Works 1999
- Address ‘A Pitch of Magnificence’ Academy of Technological Science & Engineering, 2001
- Architect and Artist – Drawings by Ken Woolley – Published by Images, 2002
- Author, ‘Reviewing the Performance, The Design of the Sydney Opera House,’ Watermark Press 2010
- Author ‘Making Marks, Drawings by Ken Woolley,’ Watermark Press 2013
Woolley took on a growing number of outside projects while still working with the Government Architect. He generated a reputation in the field of housing, winning a low cost competition for an exhibition house with Michael Dysart, in 1958. Consequently, both architects were invited to submit designs for a display village of model project houses in Carlingford, in 1961, proving to be a successful event that signalled the architect designed project house to be a welcome alternative to the individually designed and standard range houses of the time.
He began a working relationship with the project housing company, Pettit and Sevitt, the same year, creating house types of high quality design and construction. "Split Level", "Lowline" and other early forms incorporated design principles through simple lines, natural features and an emphasis on functionalism. They were widely affordable due to the standardised usage of materials: brick veneer construction, Gyprock plasterboard interior wall cladding, Monier concrete tiles and Stegbar aluminium windows. They often used basic grids, rectangular planes, and flat roofs, and were always firmly grounded with room to be easily adapted to various sites and terrains. These sophisticated types underwent various levels of modifications as they were marketed through display villages and later sold to individual buyers, who had a consultation with the architect to discuss the interior and exterior details, as a part of the service. Through these modifications based on the clients’ needs and clever marketing, these houses gained an unprecedented popularity with prominent architects worldwide.
At the completion of the Woolley House in Mosman in 1962, a work he would become most famous for, Ken Woolley emerged as a leading figure in a regional romantic movement often referred to as Sydney School. This new movement combined the influence of organic architecture, brutalism and the arts and crafts movement together with elements of the International Style, and came to embody the harmonious relationships between man and nature as intimate domestic spaces in the Australian bushland. The basis of the Woolley House design was derived from a series of garden terraces, most of which were covered by sections of timber roof sloping parallel to the land. A geometric order was applied to the plan as a series of 12-foot square units that combine to make up the main central space. Natural materials were exploited, with neutral colour schemes of dark tiles, western red cedar boarding and panelling, and painted bricks, creating a feeling of warmth in the house. The open plan living spaces were connected with volumes containing variations of ceiling height and changes in direction, enabling floor areas to be narrow but for the feeling of space to still be maximised. The house won RAIA’s Wilkinson Award the same year it was completed. The house was gifted to the University of NSW in 2016 by the Hesketh family.
Woolley joined the existing partnership of Sydney Ancher, Bryce Mortlock and Stuart Murray in 1964, and with Murray leaving the practice in 1975, as Ancher Mortlock & Woolley, the team went on to establish a reputation in the design of special purpose buildings. Notable examples are the Australian Broadcasting Corporation (ABC) Ultimo Centre, the RAS Dome and Exhibition Hall and the Olympic Hockey Stadium at Homebush.
In addition, Ken Woolley worked on notable concrete buildings (Newcastle University Union building and Macquarie University Union building), multi-housing projects (The Penthouses, Darling Point 1967) and buildings of structure and technology (Town Hall House and the Guided Missile Launching System Repair Facility), with many of them picking up various esteemed awards over the following two decades. Among his many notable buildings in Sydney are the headquarters of the Australian Broadcasting Corporation in Ultimo, the Garvan Institute of Medical Research building in Darlinghurst (featuring an iconic DNA-inspired helical staircase), Sydney University's Fisher Library, the Park Hyatt Sydney, the former State Office Block and buildings on the Olympic site. There is also the Victorian State Library and the Australian Embassy in Bangkok.
Woolley was awarded the highest architectural honour in Australia when he received the RAIA Gold Medal in 1993.
(As Design Architect, Government Architect's Office):
- 1955 St. Margaret’s Hospital Chapel, Darlinghurst
- 1956 Chemistry School, Sydney University, with H Rembert & P Webber
- 1957-1962 Fisher Library, Sydney University
- 1960-1965 State Office Block. Completed 1967
- 1962 Lidcombe State Hospital Recreation Hall & Chapel
(In private practice, Ancher Mortlock and Woolley):
- 1962 Woolley House, Mosman
- 1962-1977 3500 Pettit & Sevitt houses
- 1965-1988 Student Unions at Macquarie, Newcastle and Sydney Universities
- 1971 Town Hall House, Sydney, and Sydney Square collaboration
- 1972 Government Housing, Canberra, 600 houses 1972-1982
- 1973 New Australian Embassy, Bangkok. Completed 1978
- 1977 Port Vila, Vanuatu, & Honiara, Solomon Islands, Radio Broadcasting Stations
- 1979 Institute of Criminology Canberra, (competition winner). Unbuilt
- 1980 Woolley House, Cooper Street, Paddington
- 1980-1983 GMLS Assembly and Overhaul Building, Garden Island
- 1982 Australian Federal Police Headquarters, Canberra. Unbuilt
- 1983 National Archives Headquarters, Canberra. Unbuilt
- 1984 Commonwealth Law Courts, Parramatta
- 1984-1986 Woolley House, Palm Beach
- 1985 Exhibition Glass Houses, The Arc, Royal Botanic Gardens
- 1985 Sydney Space Theatre, Power House Museum, Sydney. Unbuilt
- 1986 Hotel at the Opera House, Sydney. Unbuilt
- 1987 Australia Pavilion, Expo 88 Brisbane
- 1987 Park Hyatt Hotel at Campbell’s Cove, Circular Quay, Sydney
- 1988 ABC Radio and Orchestra Centre, Sydney
- 1988 Walsh Bay Waterfront Redevelopment, Sydney. Unbuilt
- 1988 Australia Hellenic War Memorial, Canberra
- 1989 Parliamentary Triangle, Canberra, Urban Design elements
- 1989 Urban Design Controls Civic, Central area, City Hill, Canberra
- 1990 Children's Medical Research Institute, Westmead
- 1991 Exhibition & Sports Halls for Olympics 2000 Bid, Homebush Bay
- 1992 Medium density tropical housing for South Pacific Forum, Nouméa
- 1992 Sand River Golf Club original design, Shenzhen, China
- 1993 Control Tower, Sydney Airport
- 1994 Garvan Institute of Medical Research, Darlinghurst
- 1994 Heritage refurbishment and courtyard infill, Education Department, Bridge Street, Sydney
- 1995 Bloodbank, Parramatta
- 1995 Woolley House, Stewart Street, Paddington. Alterations and additions
- 1996 Exhibition Hall Dome & Olympic 2000 Indoor Sports halls, Homebush Bay
- 1997 Sydney Convention & Exhibition Centre: Link Expansion, Darling Harbour
- 1998 Hockey Stadium, Olympics 2000, Homebush Bay
- 1999 Burswood International Resort Casino expansion, Perth, Western Australia
- 2004 Queen Victoria Building, Sydney. Refurbishment
- 2004 Proposal for a Sydney Music Shell in the Domain
- 2005 Park Hyatt Hotel, Circular Quay. Rooftop suites extension
- 2005 Project Housing, model houses for Landcom, Hoxton Park, Sydney
- 2005 Completion of State Library of Victoria, from 1985 onwards
- 2007 Revival of Pettit & Sevitt project houses. 3 new designs
- 2008 Design for Hindley Street Hotel, Adelaide, with John Diekman
- 2008-2014 Proposal for Large New Opera Theatre at Sydney Opera House
- 2009 Completion of Queen Victoria. Refurbishment
- 2011 Northbourne Ave, Canberra, Sydney Ancher’s 1960 housing.
- 2011 Refurbishment and intensification
- 2012 Second Proposal for a Sydney Music Shell in the Domain
Monograph: Australian Architects: Ken Woolley – RAIA 1985
A.S.Hook RAIA Gold Medal Address Sydney 1994 ‘State of the Art’
Walter Burley Griffin Memorial Lecture Canberra 1997 ‘Give Art a Chance’
Address ‘A Pitch of Magnificence’ Academy of Technological Science & Engineering, 2001
- 1962 Woolley House, Mosman
- 1968 The Penthouses, Rushcutters Bay
- 1982 Woolley House, Paddington
- 1987 Woolley House, Palm Beach
NATIONAL ZELMAN COWAN AWARD
- 1986 Cadets Mess, ADFA, Canberra Medallion
NATIONAL ROBIN BOYD AWARD
- 1987 Woolley House, Palm Beach
LACHLAN MACQUARIE AWARD FOR HERITAGE ARCHITECTURE, RAIA
- 2005 The State Library of Victoria. Adaptive Reuse & Infill Buildings
VICTORIAN CHAPTER AWARD
- 2005 The Victorian Chapter RAIA Heritage Award
- 1963 Government Design Architect, Fisher Library, University of Sydney, Government Architect & T.O'Mahony Joint Architects
BLACKET AWARD FOR COUNTRY BUILDINGS
- 1967 University of Newcastle Union
- 1969 Staff House, University of Newcastle
- 1987 ‘The Anchorage’ Tweed Heads
CIVIC DESIGN AWARD
- 1978 Sydney Square
PROJECT HOUSE AWARD
- 1967-1977 Pettit & Sevitt. 14 awards
CANBERRA 25 YEAR AWARD
- 1997 Seventh Day Adventist Church
- 2002 RAIA Headquarters, Canberra 25 Year Award
- 2010 F.C Pye Field Environment Laboratory CSIRO, Canberra
MERIT AWARD FOR RESIDENTIAL, COMMERCIAL, PUBLIC, CIVIC or ADAPTIVE RE-USE
- 1972 Wentworth Building, the University of Sydney
- 1976 Public Housing, Macquarie Fields
- 1979 Sydney Town Hall Complex
- 1980 Gardens Restaurant, Royal Botanic Gardens
- 1980-1983 GMLS Assembly and Overhaul Building, Garden Island
- 1981 Woolley House, Paddington
- 1982 Amenities Building, Garden Island
- 1982 Sydney Square (with Noel Bell-Ridley Smith)
- 1981 GMLS Workshop, Garden Island
- 1984 Mormon Church, Leura
- 1991 Park Hyatt Hotel, Campbell’s Cove
- 1992 ABC Radio and Orchestral Centre, Ultimo
- 1993 Children's Medical Research Institute, Westmead
- 1988 Member of the Order of Australia (AM)
- 1993 The Gold Medal of the Royal Australian Institute of Architects]
- 2001 Fellow of the Academy of Technological Science and Engineering
- 2003 The Centenary of Federation Medal for services to structural engineering
- 1958 Taubmans Australian ‘Low Cost’ House Competition, with Michael Dysart.
- 1966 Daily Telegraph House.
- 1976 Holsworthy Village Centre, Lend Lease.
- 1979 Institute of Criminology, Canberra, NCDC.
- 1980 Linley Cove Lend Lease Housing Development, Lane Cove.
- 1983 The Gateway, Circular Quay, Ideas Competition.
- 1983 The National Archives, Canberra, NCDC.
- 1986 The Victorian State Library and Museum, Melbourne.
- 1987 The Australian/Hellenic War Memorial Competition, Canberra, ACT.
- 1987 The Campbell’s Cove Hotel Competition, Circular Quay, Sydney.
- 1988 Walsh Bay Foreshore Development, jointly.
- 1991 Limited Competition, Royal Botanic Gardens Centre.
- 1963 Sulman and Wilkinson Awards Exhibition Royal Australian Institute of Architects, Sydney.
- 1964 RAIA Members Exhibition, Sydney.
- 1967 Australian Exhibition, Expo Montreal and Expo Osaka, Japan, 1970.
- 1968-1982 RAIA Awards Exhibitions, Sydney and 1987-93.
- 1946-1976 Ancher Mortlock Murray and Woolley, Sydney Architects.
- 1976 Art Gallery of New South Wales, Sydney and Australian Tour, 1977.
- 1980 Engehurst Exhibition RAIA, Pleasures of Architecture Conference.
- 1983 Competition for the Quay, Sydney, Exhibition at RAIA Sydney Convention.
- 1983-1985 'Old Continent New Building’ International Travelling Exhibition.
- 1985 ‘Australian Architects, Ken Woolley’, Art Gallery of New South Wales.
- 1985 ‘Australian Built, Responding to the Place’, Art Gallery of New South Wales.
- 1985 Triennale of World Architecture, Belgrade, Yugoslavia.
- 1986 Victorian State Library and Museum Competition Exhibition, Melbourne.
- 1987 Powerhouse Museum, ‘Australia by Design’ Exhibition.
- 1989 Sydney Harbour Foreshore Development Exhibition, RAIA.
- 1992 Exhibition of Australian Design Excellence, the Australian Academy of Design and Foreign Affairs Department, Manila and South East Asia.
- 1993 Powerhouse Museum, Design of the 50s.
- 2002 Drawings by Ken Woolley – New England Regional Art Museum.
- 2003 RAIA Gallery, Tusculum.
- 2009 Exhibition drawings, ‘Process’ University of Sydney Tinsheds Gallery.
- 2011 Peter Pinson Gallery. Drawings of Paris.
- 2012 Peter Pinson Gallery, Etchings.
- 2013 Simon Chan Gallery - Architects collection of drawings.
- 2014 Simon Chan Gallery - Architects collection of drawings.
- "Monograph: The Master Architect Series IV Ken Woolley and Ancher Mortlock & Woolley Selected and Current Works 1999". Limited numbers available on Amazon.com
- "Art Works – Drawings by Ken Woolley". Published by Images, Exhibition 2002. Available through The Images Publishing Group. Also available second hand through Amazon.com
- "Reviewing the Performance, The Design of the Sydney Opera House" Ken Woolley. Watermark Press 2010. Available at art and architecture bookshops including the SOH Bookshop or from The Watermark Press.
- "Making Marks, Drawings by Ken Woolley" Watermark Press 2013 Available through The Watermark Press.
- Ancher/Mortlock/Woolley website Retrieved 2010-04-14.
- Australian Architects: Ken Woolley, Royal Australian Institute of Architects, 1985. pp. 15
- Archive relating to Pettit & Sevitt project homes, 1962-1977 Retrieved 2010-04-14.
- Australian Architects: Ken Woolley, Royal Australian Institute of Architects, 1985. pp. 17
- Saunders, Alan (2010-06-23). "A Conversation with Ken Woolley". Interview. ABC Radio National. Retrieved 2011-01-02.