Kenda

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Kenda
কেন্দা
Census Town
Kenda is located in West Bengal
Kenda
Kenda
Location in West Bengal, India
Coordinates: 23°12′N 86°32′E / 23.20°N 86.53°E / 23.20; 86.53Coordinates: 23°12′N 86°32′E / 23.20°N 86.53°E / 23.20; 86.53
Country  India
State West Bengal
District Barddhaman
Elevation 229 m (751 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 15,731
Languages
 • Official Bengali, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Lok Sabha constituency Asansol
Vidhan Sabha constituency Jamuria
Website bardhaman.gov.in

Kenda is a census town in Jamuria CD Block and is served by Jamuria police station in Asansol subdivision in Barddhaman district in the Indian state of West Bengal.

Geography[edit]

Kenda is located at 23°12′N 86°32′E / 23.20°N 86.53°E / 23.20; 86.53.[1] It has an average elevation of 229 m (751 ft). The Asansol-Durgapur region is composed of undulating latterite soil. This area lies between two mighty rivers – the Damodar and the Ajay. They flow almost parallel to each other in the region – the average distance between the two rivers is around 30 km. For ages the area was heavily forested and infested with plunderers and marauders. The discovery of coal led to industrialisation of the area and most of the forests have been cleared.[2]

Demographics[edit]

As per 2011 Census of India Kenda had a total population of 15,731 of which 8,360 (53%) were males and 7,371 (47%) were females. Population below 6 years was 1,811. The total number of literates in Kenda was 10,316 (74.11% of the population over 6 years).[3]

As of 2001 India census,[4] Kenda had a population of 14,517. Males constitute 55% of the population and females 45%. Kenda has an average literacy rate of 62%, higher than the national average of 59.5%: male literacy is 71%, and female literacy is 51%. In Kenda, 13% of the population is under 6 years of age.

Economy[edit]

Kenda is a coal mining area.[5] One of the area headquarters of Eastern Coalfields Ltd., a subsidiary of Coal India Limited are located here.[6] Underground mining has been hazardous activity leading to accidents. 55 persons were killed in an accident in the New Kenda Colliery in 1994.[7] Another six persons died in an accident in Shyamsunderpur colliery in 2006.[8] The coal mining area also faces land subsidence problems.[9]

Collieries in the Kenda Area of Eastern Coalfields are: New Kenda, Bahula, Lower Kenda, Haripur, Chora, Chora Incline, Siduli, C.I.Jambad and Chora OCP.[10]

Education[edit]

Kenda has three primary and one higher secondary schools.[11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Falling Rain Genomics, Inc - Kenda
  2. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, Bardhaman Jelar Itihas O Lok Sanskriti (History and Folk lore of Bardhaman District.), (Bengali), Vol I, pp 14-15, Radical Impression. ISBN 81-85459-36-3
  3. ^ "2011 Census – Primary Census Abstract Data Tables". West Bengal – District-wise. Registrar General and Census Commissioner, India. Retrieved 18 February 2017. 
  4. ^ "Census of India 2001: Data from the 2001 Census, including cities, villages and towns (Provisional)". Census Commission of India. Archived from the original on 2004-06-16. Retrieved 2008-11-01. 
  5. ^ Chattopadhyay, Akkori, p 48
  6. ^ ECL website
  7. ^ Frontline Feb-Mar 2001
  8. ^ The Statesman, 1 December 2006
  9. ^ The Statesman, 22 December 2006 Lok Sabha question
  10. ^ "Coalmining impact on the Enviroment" (PDF). Chapter V: Table 5.2. shodganga.infibnet. Retrieved 21 February 2017. 
  11. ^ 7th All-India School Education Survey 2003