Kendall Island Migratory Bird Sanctuary

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Kendall Island Migratory Bird Sanctuary
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
Location Northwest Territories, Canada
Nearest city Inuvik
Coordinates 69°19′59″N 135°05′17″W / 69.333°N 135.088°W / 69.333; -135.088 (Kendall Island Migratory Bird Sanctuary)Coordinates: 69°19′59″N 135°05′17″W / 69.333°N 135.088°W / 69.333; -135.088 (Kendall Island Migratory Bird Sanctuary)
Area 620 km2
Established 1961
Governing body Parks Canada

The Kendall Island Migratory Bird Sanctuary (KIBS) is a migratory bird sanctuary in the Northwest Territories, Canada. It is located on Kendall Island and its surrounding area in Mackenzie Bay[1] at the northern tip of the Mackenzie River Delta. A seasonal sanctuary for more than 60,000 shorebirds.[2] it is one of five bird sanctuaries within the Inuvialuit Settlement Region.[3] The area that is now known as the KIBS is a traditional Inuvialuit whaling site.[4]

The KIBS was established in 1961 to protect the breeding colony of lesser snow geese.[5] The IUCN Category IV site area is 609 km2 (235 sq mi) of which 197 km2 (76 sq mi) make up the marine portion which have marine and intertidal marine components, but not subtidal.[6] Part of the Mackenzie River Delta, a key migratory bird terrestrial habitat site (NT Site 12), is located within the KIBS.[7]

Geography[edit]

Several hills in the KIBS have upland terrain that has remained above water level since glaciation. The ground in these hills is covered by sand or glacial till.[8]

Natural resources[edit]

Two confirmed natural gas fields are located within the KIBS.[2] The fields contain 4.8 trillion cubic feet of natural gas, representing more than half of the gas intended to fill the Mackenzie Valley Pipeline.[9]

Wildlife[edit]

KIBS is frequented from May through October by more than 90 bird species, including many migrating waterfowl. Compared to other Key Habitat Sites in Northern Canada, particularly high densities of Arctic tern, greater white-fronted goose, loon, northern pintail, and sandhill crane frequent the area. Tundra swan concentrate around the outer section of the MBS.[10] A colony of approximately 3000 lesser snow geese have been identified at KIBS, as well as nationally significant numbers of Hudsonian godwit and whimbrel. The short-eared owl, a Species at Risk Act-listed bird, has been records at KIBS, as well as grizzly bear, polar bear and wolverine, which are listed species by Canada's Committee on the Status of Endangered Wildlife,[11] and the highly endangered Eskimo curlew.[12] The Lapland longspur appears to be avoiding the KIBS because of seismic lines and drilling pads brought on by natural gas exploration.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Bredin, T.F. ""Whale Island" and the Mackenzie Delta: Charted Errors and Unmapped Discoveries 1789 to 1850" (PDF). Arctic. Arctic Institute of North America, University of Calgary. 15 (1): 58. doi:10.14430/arctic3557. 
  2. ^ a b "Canada's Wild Places Seen From Far-Off Spaces". Environment Canada. 2008-04-07. Archived from the original on 11 June 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2010. 
  3. ^ "Management of Migratory Bird Sanctuaries in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region". Parks Canada. 2009-08-06. Retrieved 17 September 2010. 
  4. ^ Zellen, Barry Scott (2008). Breaking the ice: from land claims to tribal sovereignty in the arctic. Rowman & Littlefield. p. 158. ISBN 0-7391-1942-7. 
  5. ^ Latour, p. 30
  6. ^ "Kendall Island". Marine Protected Area Global. Archived from the original on 26 July 2011. Retrieved 17 September 2010. 
  7. ^ Latour, p. 30
  8. ^ Migoń, Piotr (2010). Geomorphological Landscapes of the World. Springer. p. 5. ISBN 90-481-3054-9. 
  9. ^ "Bird sanctuary debated at pipeline hearings". CBC News. November 20, 2006. Retrieved 17 September 2010. 
  10. ^ Latour, P.B.; Leger, J.; Hines, J.E. "NT Site 12 - Mackenzie River Delta" (PDF). ngps.nt.ca. Canadian Wildlife Service. p. 29. Retrieved 17 September 2010. [permanent dead link]
  11. ^ Environment Canada, p. 5
  12. ^ Sierra Club of Canada National Office. "Threats to the Mackenzie Valley". sierraclub.ca. Retrieved 17 September 2010. 
  13. ^ Struzik, Ed (2005). Ten rivers: adventure stories from the Arctic. CanWest Books. p. 226. ISBN 0-9736719-4-7.