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Official seal of Kendari
Location within Southeast Sulawesi
Location within Southeast Sulawesi
Kendari is located in Sulawesi
Location in Sulawesi and Indonesia
Kendari is located in Indonesia
Kendari (Indonesia)
Coordinates: 3°58′2.96″S 122°35′40.92″E / 3.9674889°S 122.5947000°E / -3.9674889; 122.5947000Coordinates: 3°58′2.96″S 122°35′40.92″E / 3.9674889°S 122.5947000°E / -3.9674889; 122.5947000
Country Indonesia
Province Southeast Sulawesi
Founded9 May 1831
Incorporated1 July 1978
City Status27 September 1995
 • MayorDr. Ir. H. Asrun, M.Eng
 • Vice MayorSulkarnain
 • Total297 km2 (115 sq mi)
5-55 m (−180 ft)
 • Total314,812
Time zoneUTC+8 (Indonesia Central Time)
Area code(+62) 401

Kendari is the capital of the Indonesian province of Southeast Sulawesi. The city lies along Kendari Bay. Moramo Waterfall is located 65 km east of Kendari. The city has a population of 314,812 at the 2010 Census,[1] making it the fourth-largest city in Sulawesi, behind Makassar, Manado, and Palu.


In 1831, a Dutch cartographer named Vosmaer was tasked with mapping the area of Kendari. While performing this task, he is said to have met with the indigenous tribe, the Tolakis, and to have built their king a palace in the harbor of Kendari. The palace was completed on 9 May 1832, and now 9 May is celebrated as the date of Kendari's founding.[2]

Over time, the city became an important center of Sulawesi in Dutch Colonial Indonesia, first becoming the capital of the Kewedanan District and later the Laiwoi Onder Afdeling District.[2]


The city, originally composed of four districts (kecamatan) - Mandonga, Baruga, Poasia and Kendari - is now divided into ten districts, tabulated below with their 2010 Census population.[3]

Name Population
Census 2010[4]
Mandonga 36,163
Baruga 19,368
Puuwatu 27,749
Kadia 39,244
Wua-Wua 24,407
Poasia 24,977
Abeli 22,438
Kambu 27,135
Kendari 25,557
Kendari Barat
(West Kendari)


Kendari's economy is mostly agricultural with some industrial centers near the city.[2] The city is connected to other parts of Indonesia by Haluoleo Airport.

Kendari Botanical Garden[edit]

In 2014, Civil Works Ministry has decided to build Kendari Botanical Garden in 113 hectares area as 1 of 12 priority development of botanical gardens.[5]


Some of Kendari's main attractions are its bay, nearby Bungkutoko Island, Bokori Island, and the city's many beaches. Another draw is the selling of local handicrafts and souvenirs.[2] Handicrafts include gold and silver ornament making, filigree work, weaving, and woodworking. The silver jewelry industry is carried on mostly by the Chinese.[6]

Sister Cities[edit]

World War II[edit]

Kendari was an important objective of the Japanese in World War II because of the nearby airfield, which could be used to interdict the sea lanes between Australia and the Dutch East Indies and to bomb Dutch bases on Java and other Islands. The garrison of Kendari was surprised by a Japanese landing on the night of 23–24 January 1942 and put up little resistance before Kendari and the intact airfield were captured.[7]


  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 21 July 2011. Retrieved 21 July 2011.CS1 maint: Archived copy as title (link)
  2. ^ a b c d "The City Of Kendari".
  3. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
  4. ^ Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011
  5. ^ Ali Hidayat. "Selain Batam, PU Bangun Kebun Raya di KendariYYY". Retrieved 20 February 2017.
  6. ^ "Kendari". Encyclopædia Britannica.
  7. ^ L, Klemen (1999–2000). "The Fall of Kendari, January 1942". Forgotten Campaign: The Dutch East Indies Campaign 1941-1942.


External links[edit]

Media related to Kendari at Wikimedia Commons