|Founded||13 May 1831|
|Incorporated||1 July 1978|
|City Status||3 August 1995|
|• Mayor||Dr. Ir. H. Asrun, M.Eng|
|• Total||297 km2 (115 sq mi)|
|Elevation||5-55 m (−180 ft)|
|Time zone||WITA (UTC+8)|
|Area code(s)||+62 401|
Kendari is the capital of the Indonesian province of Southeast Sulawesi. The city lies along Kendari Bay. Moramo Waterfall is located 65 km east of Kendari. The city has a population of 314,812 at the 2010 Census, making it the fourth-largest city in Sulawesi, behind Makassar, Manado, and Palu.
In 1831, a Dutch cartographer named Vosmaer was tasked with mapping the area of Kendari. While performing this task, he is said to have met with the indigenous tribe, the Tolakis, and to have built their king a palace in the harbor of Kendari. The palace was completed on 9 May 1832, and now 9 May is celebrated as the date of Kendari's founding.
Over time, the city became an important center of Sulawesi in Dutch Colonial Indonesia, first becoming the capital of the Kewedanan District and later the Laiwoi Onder Afdeling District.
Some of Kendari's main attractions are its bay, nearby Bungkutoko Island, Bokori Island, and the city's many beaches. Another draw is the selling of local handicrafts and souvenirs. Handicrafts include gold and silver ornament making, filigree work, weaving, and woodworking. The silver jewelry industry is carried on mostly by the Chinese.
World War II
Kendari was an important objective of the Japanese in World War II because of the nearby airfield, which could be used to interdict the sea lanes between Australia and the Dutch East Indies and to bomb Dutch bases on Java and other Islands. The garrison of Kendari was surprised by a Japanese landing on the night of 23–24 January 1942 and put up little resistance before Kendari and the intact airfield were captured.
- "The City Of Kendari". indonesia-tourism.com.
- Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011.
- Biro Pusat Statistik, Jakarta, 2011
- "Kendari". Encyclopedia Britannica.
- L, Klemen (1999–2000). "The Fall of Kendari, January 1942". Forgotten Campaign: The Dutch East Indies Campaign 1941-1942.
- L, Klemen (1999–2000). "Forgotten Campaign: The Dutch East Indies Campaign 1941-1942".
Media related to Kendari at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website (Indonesian)
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