Kendayan

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Kendayan people
Dayak Kanayatn
Dayak Kanayatn.jpg
A Kendayan dancer in traditional attire performs at a church dedication service in Landak Regency, West Kalimantan, Indonesia.
Total population
366,000[1]
Regions with significant populations
West Kalimantan, Indonesia
Languages
Kendayan language, Ahe language, Nana language, Damea or Jare language, Ape language
Religion
Folk religion (predominantly), Christianity
Related ethnic groups
Selako, Dayak people

The Kendayan (also known as Dayak Kenyan or Kanayatn) is an Indonesian ethnic group native to Kalimantan in Borneo. The population is around 366,000. Their languages form part of the Malayic language family which also includes Indonesia's official language, Malay. The Kanayatn were grouped into the category clump Land Dayak-Kalimantan by H.J. Mallinckrodt (1928); but according to C.H. Duman (1929), they are part of the Kanayatn Dayak Ot Danum Clump-Maanyan-Ngaju. However, research completed by W. Stohr (1959) conflicts with C.H. Duman's theory. Stohr's research suggests that when considering aspects of the region, language and customary law, the Dayak Kanayatn group appears to be more closely associated with the Land Dayak-Kalimantan group than the Ot-Danum-Maanyan-Ngaju group. Landmark District names have been based on the majority Dayak community Kanayatn which is part of the clump Land Dayak (Land Dayak or Land Djak in Dutch spelling). Kanayatn and Salako are, in fact, one tribe and Salako people assume that "Kanayatn" is not even the real name of this tribe.

Language[edit]

Kanayatn languages encompasses the Brahe, Badame, Jare, and Bang app languages. Socio-linguistically, it is very difficult to specify the language repertoire because it is used with various dialects and patois pronunciation.

Today's communication has adopted many Indonesian words, drastically changing today's Dayak Kanayatn dialects when compared with more classic dialects; this results in communication problems within generations. For example, the Ahe native language word Lea changed into separate to resemble its Indonesian counterpart sexpert.

Weapons[edit]

The Tangkitn is a unique weapon to the Kanayatn people and it is used as their primary head hunting weapon in the past.[2] In the Salako language, the Tangkitn is also referred to as the Parang Pandat. The Kanayatn tribe employed shields to deflect attacks from swords. According to the Kanayatn people in Mempawah (Compaq-mem pa wah Hulu-mental-too-Sada Niang), there are two types of shields in Kanayatn culture: Gun amp and Jabakng. However, according to Kanayatn members in Landak (including sea Ambawang & Kuala Mandor), there is just one type of shield, namely Gun amp.

Religion[edit]

The original religion of the Kanal at people is not the Kaharingan like other Dayak people. Kanayatn Dayak's indigenous religion is inseparable from their customs (Adat). It can even be said their customs assert their religious identity. In daily practice, Kanayatn Dayak people never mention religion as their normative, but Adat (custom). This religious system is not a Hindu Kaharingan system as it is known by the general public.

Kanayatn people refer to God as Juba.[3] Juba is said to have passed down indigenous customs to the ancestors of Dayak Kanayatn located in Bukit Ba wang (now entering the district Bengkayang). In expressing belief in Jubata, they have a place of worship called "panyugu" or "padagi" (kadiaman).[4] It is also important for the panyangahatn priest to become a liaison between man and God (Jubata).[5]

Today, most Dayak Kanayatn have embraced several religions; Christianity, Islam, among others. Kenanyatn people who have embraced another religion can no longer consider themselves as Dayak Kanayatn once they have abandoned their customary practices. Similarly, Kanayatn people who have embraced Islam will no longer regard themselves as Dayak, but as Malay people or Orang laut.

Folk songs[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Dayak Kendayan in Indonesia". Joshua Project. Retrieved 2014-11-07. 
  2. ^ "Indonesia. Kementerian Percepatan Pembangunan Kawasan Timur Indonesia. Deputi Bidang Pengembangan Ekonomi, Sosial, dan Budaya". Potensi Seni Dan Budaya Serta Pariwisata Kawasan Timur Indonesia. Deputi Bidang Pengembangan Ekonomi, Sosial, dan Budaya. 2005. OCLC 215153223. 
  3. ^ Mudiyono (1990). Sistem Pengendalian Social Traditional Desa Tiang Tanjung, Propinsi Kalimantan Barat. Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, Direktorat Jenderal Kebudayaan, Direktorat Sejarah dan Nilai Tradisional, Proyek Inventarisasi dan Pembinaan Nilai-Nilai Budaya. OCLC 555243328. 
  4. ^ Hermann Vierling (1990). Hermeneutik, Stammesreligion, Evangelium: interkulturelle Kommunikation bei den Kendayan. Gütersloher Verlagshaus G. Mohn. ISBN 3-5790-0243-0. 
  5. ^ Rohany (1990). Peralatan Produksi Tradisional Dan Perkembangannya Daerah Kalimantan Barat. Departemen Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, Kanwil Depdikbud Propinsi Kalimantan Barat, Proyek Inventarisasi dan Pembinaan Nilai-Nilai Budaya Kalimantan Barat. OCLC 551341177. 
  6. ^ "Kao ada ka atiku". YouTube. Retrieved 2014-11-07. 
  7. ^ "Tagila-gila". YouTube. Retrieved 2014-11-07. 
  8. ^ "TARINGAT KA' KAO". YouTube. Retrieved 2014-11-07. 
  9. ^ "CINTAKU KA' IA". YouTube. Retrieved 2014-11-07. 
  10. ^ "PASATN URAKNG TUHA". YouTube. Retrieved 2014-11-07. 
  11. ^ "BATAMU". YouTube. Retrieved 2014-11-07. 
  12. ^ "BABALAS PANTUN". YouTube. Retrieved 2014-11-07. 
  13. ^ "GAWE PANGANTEN". YouTube. Retrieved 2014-11-07. 
  14. ^ "NUNGGU KAO PULAKNG". YouTube. Retrieved 2014-11-07. 
  15. ^ "Bakanalatn". YouTube. Retrieved 2014-11-07. 
  16. ^ "LUPA KA' JANJI". YouTube. Retrieved 2014-11-07. 
  17. ^ "BUAH ATIKU". YouTube. Retrieved 2014-11-07. 
  18. ^ "SAYANG". YouTube. Retrieved 2014-11-07. 
  19. ^ "BAPANTUN". YouTube. Retrieved 2014-11-07. 
  20. ^ "kambang bepanggel". YouTube. Retrieved 2014-11-07. 
  21. ^ "Sayangku Ka Kao". YouTube. Retrieved 2014-11-07. 
  22. ^ "Ka'o Ningalat'n". YouTube. Retrieved 2014-11-07. 
  23. ^ "Malam Batabur Bintakng". YouTube. Retrieved 2014-11-07. 
  24. ^ "Niat Idup Badua". YouTube. Retrieved 2014-11-07. 
  25. ^ "4 Tingkakok Nimang Padi". YouTube. Retrieved 2014-11-07.