Kendleton, Texas

Coordinates: 29°26′52″N 95°59′59″W / 29.44778°N 95.99972°W / 29.44778; -95.99972
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Kendleton, Texas
Water tower
Location of Kendleton, Texas
Location of Kendleton, Texas
Coordinates: 29°26′52″N 95°59′59″W / 29.44778°N 95.99972°W / 29.44778; -95.99972
CountryUnited States
CountyFort Bend
 • Total1.10 sq mi (2.86 km2)
 • Land1.10 sq mi (2.85 km2)
 • Water0.01 sq mi (0.01 km2)
95 ft (29 m)
 • Total343
 • Density310/sq mi (120/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
Area code979
FIPS code48-38848[2]
GNIS feature ID1339029[3]

Kendleton is a city in western Fort Bend County, Texas, United States, located southwest of Sugar Land. It was established by emancipated slaves after the Civil War. The population was 343 at the 2020 census. As of 2011, Darryl Humphrey was the mayor of the city.


What is now Kendleton was a part of William E. Kendall's plantation. In the 1860s Kendall divided his property into various small farms and sold the plots to African Americans who were former slaves. The community of the farms became known as Kendleton.

In 1882, the New York, Texas and Mexican Railway Company established a railroad track between Rosenberg and Victoria, which passed through Kendleton. In 1884, a post office opened. In 1890, Kendleton had 25 inhabitants and a general store. In 1896, the community had two additional general stores and two churches; one was Baptist and one was Methodist. In 1900, 116 people lived in Kendleton. In 1933, Kendleton had 36 residents. By the late 1940s, Kendleton had approximately 100 residents. In the 1960s and 1970s, the population fluctuated between 150 and 200 people. In 1973, voters approved the incorporation of Kendleton as a city. After incorporation, the population increased to over 600. In 1990, Kendleton had 496 residents. In 2000, Kendleton had 466 residents. According to the Handbook of Texas, area residents estimated that about 2,200 people lived in Kendleton and surrounding areas.[4]


Map of Kendleton

Kendleton is located in western Fort Bend County at 29°26′52″N 95°59′59″W / 29.44778°N 95.99972°W / 29.44778; -95.99972 (29.447872, –95.999806).[5] Its western boundary is the San Bernard River, the Fort Bend/Wharton County line.

U.S. Route 59, a four-lane divided highway, runs through the city, closely bypassing the original town center which is now served by Texas State Highway Loop 541. Farm to Market Road 2919 runs north from Kendleton to East Bernard. Via US 59 the city is 15 miles (24 km) southwest of Rosenberg and 6 miles (10 km) northeast of Hungerford.[6]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city of Kendleton has a total area of 1.1 square miles (2.9 km2), of which 0.004 square miles (0.01 km2), or 0.45%, is water.[7]


Historical population
U.S. Decennial Census[8]
2020 Census[9]
City hall

2020 census[edit]

Kendleton city, Texas – Racial and ethnic composition
Note: the US Census treats Hispanic/Latino as an ethnic category. This table excludes Latinos from the racial categories and assigns them to a separate category. Hispanics/Latinos may be of any race.
Race / Ethnicity (NH = Non-Hispanic) Pop 2010[10] Pop 2020[11] % 2010 % 2020
White alone (NH) 15 13 3.95% 3.79%
Black or African American alone (NH) 314 219 82.63% 63.85%
Native American or Alaska Native alone (NH) 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
Asian alone (NH) 0 1 0.00% 0.29%
Pacific Islander alone (NH) 0 0 0.00% 0.00%
Some Other Race alone (NH) 0 10 0.00% 2.92%
Mixed Race or Multi-Racial (NH) 5 5 1.32% 1.46%
Hispanic or Latino (any race) 46 95 12.11% 27.70%
Total 380 343 100.00% 100.00%

2000 census[edit]

At the 2000 census,[2] there were 466 people, 178 households and 116 families residing in the city. The population density was 437.9 inhabitants per square mile (169.1/km2). There were 209 housing units at an average density of 196.4 per square mile (75.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 12.45% White, 78.97% African American, 0.21% Pacific Islander, 5.15% from other races, and 3.22% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.24% of the population.

There were 178 households, of which 27.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.8% were married couples living together, 21.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.3% were non-families. 33.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 14.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.62, The average family size was 3.27.

Age distribution was 29.4% under the age of 18, 8.8% from 18 to 24, 26.0% from 25 to 44, 23.4% from 45 to 64, and 12.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 77.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 72.3 males.

The median household income was $21,563, and the median family income was $35,795. Males had a median income of $34,167 versus $21,964 for females. The per capita income for the city was $12,196. About 14.6% of families and 19.5% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.7% of those under age 18 and 28.6% of those age 65 or over.

Government and infrastructure[edit]

Post office

The United States Postal Service A post office opened in Kendleton in 1884,[4] shortly after Kendleton's founding.[12] Kendleton Post Office is located at 13635 Willie Melton Boulevard. Benjamin F. Williams was the first postmaster[13] and also served in the state legislature. In July 2011 the USPS announced that the post office may close.[14] The nearest available post office to Kendleton is over 10 miles (16 km) from the city. Darryl Humphrey, the mayor of Kendleton, criticized the proposed closing. Cindy Horswell and Megan Ryan of the Houston Chronicle said that Humphrey "feels like his community will be erased from society if the post office is removed, too."[12]

Fort Bend County does not have a hospital district. OakBend Medical Center serves as the county's charity hospital which the county contracts with.[15]


Primary and secondary schools[edit]

Public schools[edit]

Kendleton is served by the Lamar Consolidated Independent School District (LCISD).[16] Students are zoned to Beasley Elementary School in Beasley,[17] Wright Junior High School (grades 6-8),[18] and Randle High School.[19]

Historically the Kendleton area schools served Kendleton and surrounding communities. In 1903 the school system had 202 African-American students in three schools, and 12 White students in two schools.[4] Previously primary school students attended the Kendleton Independent School District (KISD)'s Powell Point Elementary School, located Powell Point, an unincorporated area north of Kendleton. In 1985 LCISD began serving secondary school students in the KISD territory, while primary school students went to Powell Point.[20]

On March 25, 2010, Texas Education Agency (TEA) Commissioner Robert Scott announced that he was closing the Kendleton Independent School District. The closing is effective July 1, 2010. Kendleton ISD will be merged with Lamar Consolidated Independent School District. Commissioner Scott's statement was, "While it saddens me to close a school district, years of effort, including reconstituting its school, have failed to turn this district around. I believe students would be ill-served if Kendleton is allowed to continue to operate. The Texas Education Agency pledges to work with the citizens of Kendleton and Lamar Consolidated to make this transition as smooth as possible." As a result of the closure, students at Powell Point were rezoned to Beasley and Wessendorf. LCISD, for a two-year period, will operate its head start program at Powell Point.[21] In July 2011 mayor Darryl Humphrey said that his community was still recovering from the closing of Pilot Point Elementary.[12]

Previously Kendleton was zoned to Wessendorff Middle School, Lamar Junior High School, and Lamar Consolidated High School of LCISD.[22][23] Wright and Randle opened in 2021.[24]

Colleges and universities[edit]

The designated community college for LCISD is Wharton County Junior College.[25]

Bay Ridge Christian College was located north of Kendleton in an unincorporated section of Fort Bend County.[26]

Parks and recreation[edit]

Fort Bend County owns and operates the Bates M. Allen Park, located just outside the city limits of Kendleton. The 235-acre (0.95 km2) park includes a canoe ramp, a fishing pier, grills, a historical site, a lake, an observation deck, two pavilions, a play area, a sand volleyball court, tables, toilet facilities, walking trails and wetlands.[27]

In 2023 the county stated it would add a memorial to African-American settlements, which would mean much of the park would be revamped. The cost would be $4,000,000.[28]



  1. ^ "2019 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 7, 2020.
  2. ^ a b "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  3. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. October 25, 2007. Retrieved January 31, 2008.
  4. ^ a b c "Kendleton, Texas." Handbook of Texas. Retrieved on July 23, 2011.
  5. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. February 12, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2011.
  6. ^ Google Maps highway directions
  7. ^ "Geographic Identifiers: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (G001): Kendleton city, Texas". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Retrieved August 29, 2016.[dead link]
  8. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  9. ^ "Census Bureau profile: Kendleton, Texas". United States Census Bureau. May 2023. Retrieved May 14, 2024.
  10. ^ "P2 Hispanic or Latino, and Not Hispanic or Latino by Race – 2010: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Kendleton city, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  11. ^ "P2 Hispanic or Latino, and Not Hispanic or Latino by Race – 2020: DEC Redistricting Data (PL 94-171) – Kendleton city, Texas". United States Census Bureau.
  12. ^ a b c Horswell, Cindy and Megan Ryan. "South Texas post office closures 'heart breaking' for many." Houston Chronicle. July 26, 2011. Retrieved on July 27, 2011.
  13. ^ "Post Office Location - KENDLETON Archived 2012-07-23 at" United States Postal Service. Retrieved on December 6, 2008.
  14. ^ "Expanded Access study list Archived 2011-09-25 at the Wayback Machine." United States Postal Service. Retrieved on July 24, 2011.
  15. ^ Knipp, Bethany (November 2, 2016). "Fort Bend County lacks hospital district". Community Impact Newspaper. Retrieved October 18, 2021.
  16. ^ "2020 CENSUS - SCHOOL DISTRICT REFERENCE MAP: Fort Bend County, TX" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved September 21, 2022. - Compare with LCISD boundary maps.
  17. ^ "Board Approved Attendance Zones In effect starting 2022-2023 School Year" (PDF). Lamar Consolidated Independent School District. Retrieved September 21, 2022.
  18. ^ "Randle-Wright Board Approved Zones 9-17-2020" (PDF). Lamar Consolidated Independent School District. Retrieved September 21, 2022.
  19. ^ "High School Attendance Zones" (PDF). Lamar Consolidated Independent School District. Retrieved September 21, 2022. - Compare with the Census map.
  20. ^ "Regular Board Meeting Lamar Consolidated Independent School District Board of Trustees Thursday, April 15, 2010 7:00 PM." Lamar Consolidated Independent School District. Retrieved on May 25, 2018. p. 35 (PDF p. 35/89). "Lamar CISD has provided educational services to Kendleton students in grades 7-12 since 1985."
  21. ^ Pollock, B.J. "It'll be a long bus ride for Kendleton pupils Archived 2011-11-28 at the Wayback Machine." Ultimate Fort Bend (Houston Chronicle). July 27, 2010. Retrieved on October 16, 2011.
  22. ^ "Lamar CISD Attendance Zones Archived 2011-08-12 at the Wayback Machine." (Direct file link Archived 2011-08-12 at the Wayback Machine) Lamar Consolidated Independent School District. Retrieved on July 2, 2010. Also see the high school attendance zones prior to the 2021 openings of Wright JHS and Randle HS
  23. ^ Block map of Kendleton and school district map of the 2010 U.S. Census. Note that Kendleton ISD existed previously but sent secondary students to Lamar CISD (see page 35 of this document)
  24. ^ Washington, Chad (November 19, 2020). "Randle High School to be Lions, wear silver and black". Fort Bend Herald. Retrieved September 21, 2022.
  25. ^ Texas Education Code Sec. 130.211. WHARTON COUNTY JUNIOR COLLEGE DISTRICT SERVICE AREA. - Both the former Kendleton ISD and Lamar Consolidated ISD are in the Wharton College district.
  26. ^ "Bay Ridge Christian College". Archived from the original on July 20, 2008. Retrieved September 7, 2008.
  27. ^ "County Owned Parks". Fort Bend County. Retrieved on October 11, 2009.
  28. ^ Brown, Ashley (February 28, 2023). "Fort Bend County to invest in new African-American memorial park to honor one of first freedmen's towns in Texas". Houston Public Media. Retrieved March 1, 2023.

External links[edit]