Kendujhar district

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Location in Odisha, India
Location in Odisha, India
Coordinates: 21°37′59″N 85°36′00″E / 21.633°N 85.6°E / 21.633; 85.6Coordinates: 21°37′59″N 85°36′00″E / 21.633°N 85.6°E / 21.633; 85.6
Country India
 • CollectorAshish Thakare IAS
 • Member of ParliamentSakuntala Laguri, BJD
 • Total8,240 km2 (3,180 sq mi)
480 m (1,570 ft)
 • Total1,802,777
 • Rank8
 • Density217/km2 (560/sq mi)
 • OfficialOdia
 • Other Local LanguageHo language[1]
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
758 xxx
Vehicle registrationOD-09
Sex ratio0.987 /
Lok Sabha constituencyKeonjhar (ST)
Vidhan Sabha constituency7
ClimateAw (Köppen)
Precipitation1,535.5 millimetres (60.45 in)

Kendujhar District, also known as Keonjhar District is an administrative district of Odisha. The district is one of the fifth Scheduled Areas of Odisha.[2][3][4][5] The town of Kendujhar (or Kendujhargarh) is the district headquarters. The district has 3 Subdivisions, Anandapur, Champua, and Keonjhar.[6]


Keonjhar is a land locked district situated in the northern part of Orissa. It is bounded by Mayurbhanj District, Balasore District and Bhadrak District to the east, Jajpur District to the south, Dhenkanal District, Anugul District and Sundargarh District to the west, and West Singhbhum District to the north.

The district of Keonjhar is highly rich in mineral resources and has vast deposits of iron, manganese and chromium ores. About 30% of the district's total area is covered with tracts of dense forests. Keonjhar also contains one of the oldest rock formations in the world, which covers an area of 100 km2. The district also bears the oldest stone inscription found in Orissa. In Sitabinj, fresco paintings were found in the cave shelter of Ravana Chhaya, which date to the 5th century A.D.[7][additional citation(s) needed]


On the eastern half of the district are the planes of Anandapur. To the West is a range of hills containing some of the highest peaks of Orissa. These peaks include Gandhamardan (3477 ft), Mankadnacha (3639 ft), Gonasika (3219 ft) and Thakurani (3003 ft). About half of the area of this district is covered by forests of Northern tropical deciduous type trees which include Sal, Asan, Piasal.[7][additional citation(s) needed]

The highlands consist of clusters of rugged crags and the mountaintops appear to be sharply ridged or peaked, however they have extensive tablelands on their summits. In some areas, isolated hills rise abruptly from the plains, but most areas have a general elevation of over 600m. The highlands form the watershed for a number of rivers, including the Baitarani River.[additional citation(s) needed]

Nomira national geological monument[edit]

Pillow Lava in lron ore belt at Nomira 2 km east of Nomira 18 km from 18 km south of Joda town, on the Keonjhar-Barbil-Lahunipada state highway, has been declared the National Geological Monuments of India by the Geological Survey of India (GSI), for their protection, maintenance, promotion and enhancement of geotourism.[8][9][10] Pillow Lava, Iron ore belt of Nomira is an exposure of ellipsoidal pillow lava of a maximum thickness of 2m x 0.6m. The fine to medium grained, green to bluish green coloured with abundant [[Vesicular texture}vesicles]] filled with quartz. The lavas and the associated pyroclastic rocks and tuffs are underlain by quartzite and overlain by shale, chart-shale and banded hematite jasper.

The site can be reached from Joda by following Joda Nayagar road upto Bamebari and then following a 2 km unmetalled road leading eastward up to Nomira.


The temperature in the district begins to rise rapidly in the spring with the highest temperatures recorded in the month of May. The maximum recorded temperature is 44 °C.[additional citation(s) needed] The weather cools during the monsoon in June and remains cool until the end of October. The temperature in the month of December can drop down to 11.7 °C. The minimum temperature recorded was 7 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1,534.5 mm.[additional citation(s) needed]


In 2006 the Ministry of Panchayati Raj named Kendujhar one of the country's 250 most backward districts.[11] The district is one of the 19 districts in Orissa currently receiving funds from the Backward Regions Grant Fund Programme (BRGF).

As per the Mines and Minerals (Development & Regulation) Act of 2015 the district is set to receive aid from mining companies and lease holders.[11]

Kendujhar district is largest iron ore producing district in India with the highest mining revenues generated in Odisha. However, the region is still neglected by both Central and state Government.[additional citation(s) needed]



According to the 2011 census, Kendujhar district has a population of 1,802,777.[12] It is the 264th most populous district in India.[12] The district has a population density of 217 inhabitants per square kilometre (560/sq mi).[12] The district's population growth rate over the decade 2001–2011 was 15.42%.[12] Kendujhar has a sex ratio of 987 females for every 1000 males,[12] and a literacy rate of 69%.[12]

The Scheduled Tribes of the district constitute 44.5% of the total population whereas the Scheduled Castes constitute 11.62%.[13]


Majority of Tribes belong to Ho tribe and they speak the Ho language of Austroasiatic lineage. Other languages include Bhunjia, which is spoken by approximately 7000 Bhunjia Adivasis. Only Bhunija Tribal communities also speak Odia as a secondary language and other tribal communities uses their own mother tongues.[14]

Major Tribes[edit]

As per 1991 census there were 46 Scheduled Tribes in the district. Out of these the principal tribes were Bathudi, Bhuyan, Bhumij, Gond, Ho, Juang, Kisan, Kora, Munda, Oraon, Santal and Sounti. These sixteen tribes constituted 96.12% of the total tribal population of the district.

The concentration of Scheduled Tribes is the highest in the Keonjhar subdivision and lowest in the Anandapur subdivision. The majority of Scheduled Tribes members are employed in agriculture, mining, or quarrying. The literacy among the Scheduled Tribes was 15.25% in the 1981 census but it has increased to 24.89% in the 1991 census. This percentage is higher than the State average of 22.31%.[7]

Culture and Heritage of Keonjhar[edit]

The culture of Keonjhar district is mainly tribal culture of different tribes residing in this district. The district administration recognised important tribal festivals among which are the festivals of Sohrai, Gaumara Porob, Sarhul, Baa porob, Jomnama, Mage Porob, Uda Porob, and Baruni Jatra.[15]

Folk Dance of Keonjhar[edit]

The district has large sections of tribal communities. So, there are many folk dances such as Ho, Juang and Changu dances which are popular and recognised by the district administration.[15]

Ho Dance[edit]

This dance is performed by the Ho speaking tribe mainly during Mage Porob in the month of January–April.

Juang Dance[edit]

Juang dance is performed by the Juang tribe of this district.


Vidhan sabha constituencies[edit]

The following is the 6 Vidhan sabha constituencies[16][17] of Kendujhar district and the elected members[18] of that area.

No. Constituency Reservation Extent of the Assembly Constituency (Blocks) Member of 15th Assembly Party
20 Telkoi ST Harichandanpur, Telkoi, Banspal (Part) Vedavyasa Nayak BJD
21 Ghasipura None Ghasipura, Ghatagaon, Anandpur (part) Badrinarayan Patra BJD
22 Anandapur SC Anandapur (M), Hatadihi, Anandapur (part) Mayadhara Jena BJD
23 Patna ST Patna, Saharpada, Jhumpura (part), Champua (part) Hrusikesh Naik BJD
24 Keonjhar ST Keonjhar (M), Keonjhar, Jhumpura (part) , Bansapal (Part) Abhiram Nayak BJD
25 Champua None Joda (M), Barbil (M), Joda, Champua (part) Sanatan Mahakud Independent


  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^ "Declaration of 5th Schedule". Retrieved 3 July 2018.
  7. ^ a b c
  8. ^ National Geological Monument, from Geological Survey of India website
  9. ^ "Geo-Heritage Sites". Press Information Bureau. 2016-03-09. Retrieved 2018-09-15.
  10. ^ national geo-heritage of India, INTACH
  11. ^ a b "Keonjhar may get Rs 2800 cr for MDF". Business Standard. 31 May 2015. Retrieved 3 July 2018.
  12. ^ a b c d e f "District Census 2011". 2011. Retrieved 3 July 2018.
  13. ^ Census of India 2011
  14. ^ M. Paul Lewis, ed. (2009). "Bhunjia: A language of India". Ethnologue: Languages of the World (16th ed.). Dallas, Texas: SIL International. Retrieved 3 July 2018.
  15. ^ a b Culture & Heritage Retrieved 3 July 2018.
  16. ^ Shangara Ram (15 December 2006). "Assembly Constituencies and their EXtent" (PDF). The Gazette of India/Orissa State Gazette (282).
  17. ^ Seats of Odisha
  18. ^ "List of Member in Fourteenth Assembly". Retrieved 3 July 2018.

External links[edit]