Kenduli Sasan

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Kenduli Sasan
town
Nickname(s): Jayadeva Kenduli
Kenduli Sasan is located in Odisha
Kenduli Sasan
Kenduli Sasan
Kenduli Sasan is located in India
Kenduli Sasan
Kenduli Sasan
Location in Odisha, India
Coordinates: 20°08′N 85°36′E / 20.13°N 85.60°E / 20.13; 85.60Coordinates: 20°08′N 85°36′E / 20.13°N 85.60°E / 20.13; 85.60
Country  India
State Odisha
District Khurda
Languages
 • Official Oriya
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
Vehicle registration OD
Website odisha.gov.in

Kenduli Sasan in Khurda district is the birthplace of the Sanskrit lyricist, Jayadeva. Medieval Indian literature refer to this place by the name Kenduvilva.

Location[edit]

Kenduli Sasan is a village in the banks of the Prachi river in Khurda district. It is only a few kilometers way from the holy city of Puri in Odisha, the seat of worship of the Hindu deity Jagannath. It has recently been recognized as the birthplace of the well-known Sanskrit lyricist, Jayadeva.[1][2][3][4][5][6]

History[edit]

Kenduli Sasan has recently been identified as the birthplace of Jayadeva, who was born into an Utkala Brahmin family. It is also where the poet spent his childhood, with his parents, Bhojadeva and Vamavati. Being called a Sasan (which in ancient Odisha referred to a seat of Brahmin learning), this village appears to have been a center for Hindu literature during the 10th and 11th centuries. Jayadeva himself refers to his birthplace in the seventh song of the Gita Govinda as Kenduvilva, located by the sea:[7]

Kinduvilva samudra sambhava Rohini ramanena

Basohli painting (circa 1730 AD) depicting a scene from Jayadeva's Gita Govinda.

Prachi valley has a long history of worshipping Madhava, another name for Krishna. During Jayadeva's period, it was known as a religious place dominated by Vaishnava Brahmins. Even today, the village of Kenduli Sasan is replete with images of Madhava. This indicates that the great poet must have been influenced by the devotional milieu in that area when he composed his magnum opus, the Gita Govinda.[7][8]

Tourism[edit]

Kenduli Sasan has several brick temples and sculptures dating back to the time of Jayadeva in the tenth and eleventh centuries A.D., including those of deities Bhairava, Madhava, Ambika, Jageswari. Of significance is an image with heavy matted hair, and both arms broken, which is revered by the local people as the sage 'Jayadeva'.[7][9] There is also a nearby temple with an image of Nrusimha carrying Lakshmi on his lap, one of the peculiarities of the Ganga dynasty. In fact, several such temples belonging to Jayadeva's period have also been excavated here by the Archaeological Survey of India.[10]

The Jayadeva Sanskrutika Parishad, a cultural organization, has established a museum here containing images and other archaeological relics excavated here. An annual cultural function in honor of the poet Jayadeva is organized at Kenduli.

Controversy[edit]

There was an earlier controversy surrounding the birthplace of the poet Jayadeva, with a section of Bengali historians earlier claiming that another village with the same name in West Bengal was in fact the birthplace of Jayadeva. However, this theory appears to have been debunked recently.[11][12]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Poet Jayadev belongs to Orissa not West Bengal". Tarakant Mohanty. Retrieved 2007-05-28. 
  2. ^ "Wrong' depiction of poet in TV shows irks scholars". Chennai, India: The Hindu. 2007-05-02. Retrieved 2007-05-02. 
  3. ^ "Biography of Jayadeva". Bharat Desam. Retrieved 2007-05-02. 
  4. ^ N. C. Mohanty. "Gita-govinda and Oriya Art Tradition". Sampradaya Sun. Retrieved 2007-05-02. 
  5. ^ "Kenduli Padmavati temple" (PDF). Archaeological Survey of India. 
  6. ^ "Khorda". Archaeological Survey of India (Indira Gandhi National Centre for the Arts). 
  7. ^ a b c "Kenduli". Sri Geetagovinda Pratisthana. 
  8. ^ A. K. Tripathy (2007-09-17). "Historical Perspective on Saint Poet Sri Jayadev". 
  9. ^ "Kenduli". 
  10. ^ "Indian Archaeology, A Review.". 
  11. ^ "Scholars provide new twist to Jayadev birth controversy". Daily Excelsior. Retrieved 2007-11-13. 
  12. ^ "Archeologists trace Jayadev's birth place". Zee News. Retrieved 2007-05-24. 

External links[edit]