Kenilworth, Illinois

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Kenilworth, Illinois
Village
Village of Kenilworth, Illinois
Location of Kenilworth in Cook County, Illinois.
Location of Kenilworth in Cook County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 42°5′17″N 87°42′57″W / 42.08806°N 87.71583°W / 42.08806; -87.71583Coordinates: 42°5′17″N 87°42′57″W / 42.08806°N 87.71583°W / 42.08806; -87.71583
Country United States
StateIllinois
CountyCook
TownshipNew Trier
Incorporated1889
Government
 • TypeCouncil–manager
 • PresidentCecily Kaz
Area
 • Total0.61 sq mi (1.57 km2)
 • Land0.61 sq mi (1.57 km2)
 • Water0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)  0%
Elevation
615 ft (187 m)
Population
 (2020)
 • Total2,514
 • Density4,141.68/sq mi (1,597.94/km2)
 Up 0.8% from 2000
Standard of living (2007-11)
 • Per capita income$104,301
 • Median home value$1,000,000+
ZIP code(s)
60043
Area code(s)847 & 224
Geocode39519
FIPS code17-39519
Websitewww.vok.org

Kenilworth is a village in Cook County, Illinois, United States, 15 miles (24 km) north of downtown Chicago. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 2,513.[2] It is the newest of the nine suburban North Shore communities bordering Lake Michigan, and is one of those developed as a planned community. In 2018, Kenilworth was the eighth wealthiest community in the United States, and the wealthiest in the Midwestern United States.[3]

History[edit]

Kenilworth was founded in 1889 when Joseph Sears purchased 223.6 acres of land consisting of several farms between the Chicago and North Western Railroad and Lake Michigan for $150,300. Sears and several of his associates formed The Kenilworth Company to execute his suburban dream.[4]

The company undertook all marketing activities. They publicized the community's many attractive features through brochures, maps, and newspaper ads, as well as direct personal sales. Prospects were provided transportation from the city and greeted with a reception. Visitors were also offered overnight accommodations. In 1891, Sears invited about 20 of his personal friends, prominent bankers and Chicago businessmen to a picnic luncheon on Kenilworth's lake shore. Lots were offered at $60 an acre; significantly above the $15 an acre for similarly located property nearby. Some laughed, but the property did sell within 12 months.[5] This planned community attracted widespread attention and was visited by many noted architects attending the 1893 Columbian Exposition in Chicago.

On February 4, 1896, the village reached the required 300 residents and was incorporated. The elected board assumed municipal functions from Sears. The Kenilworth Company continued their sales activities until 1904, at which time Sears acquired the existing stock and became the sole owner of the remaining property.[6]

The Kenilworth Company coordinated every aspect of this planned community to ensure the highest quality implementation and adherence to Joseph Sears’ vision. The village layout was designed to take advantage of the natural features and beauty of the land. To maintain the country atmosphere, the plan required large lots and setbacks, tree plantings along roadways, and generous park lands. Mr. Sears donated much of his own property to achieve this goal.[7]

The church, schools, parks, clubs, and recreational areas were early additions to encourage a spirit of community. Noted architect Franklin Burnham joined The Kenilworth Company and designed the railroad station and the Kenilworth Union Church. Burnham also designed several homes for company members to display for potential residents.[8]

Although the original ordinances for the Village specify strict building regulations, they do not include the restriction of sales based on race or religion. The village population reached 2,501 in 1930 and has stayed nearly the same since then.

The first African-American family to move to Kenilworth, the Calhouns, was met with resistance from some in the community, such as a cross burning in 1966 and racially charged vandalism, while others voiced shock over the offenses.[9] However, most residents expressed their support for the family. Walter Calhoun, a young student and athlete at the time, recalls "They bent over backwards to make sure I was never left out."[10] Four years after the shocking incident, two teenagers visited Harold Calhoun in his downtown office where they confessed and apologized for the cross burning.[10]

Geography[edit]

According to the 2010 census, Kenilworth has a total area of 0.61 square miles (1.58 km2), all land.[11]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1900336
1910881162.2%
19201,18834.8%
19302,501110.5%
19402,93517.4%
19502,789−5.0%
19602,9596.1%
19702,9800.7%
19802,708−9.1%
19902,402−11.3%
20002,4943.8%
20102,5130.8%
20202,5140.0%
US Census Bureau

As of the census[12] of 2010, there were 2,513 people, 800 households and 699 families residing in the village. The population density was 4,188.3 inhabitants per square mile (1,617.1/km2). There were 855 housing units at an average density of 1,425.0 per square mile (550.2/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 97.4% White, 0.3% African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.3% Asian, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.6% of the population.[2]

There were 800 households, out of which 47.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 79.3% were headed by married couples living together, 5.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 12.6% were non-families. 11.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 6.7% were someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 3.14, and the average family size was 3.41.[2]

In the village, the population was spread out, with 34.3% under the age of 18, 4.9% from 18 to 24, 14.6% from 25 to 44, 32.6% from 45 to 64, and 13.4% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 42.4 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 91.2 males.[2]

For the period 2007–11, the estimated median annual income for a household in the village was $242,188, and the median income for a family was over $250,000. The per capita income for the village was $104,301. 1.2% of families and 1.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 1.8% of those under age 18 and 3.5% of those age 65 or over.[13]

Arts and culture[edit]

Wild Flower and Bird Sanctuary in Mahoney Park

Notable places and organizations in Kenilworth include:

  • Kenilworth Fountain – In the middle of Kenilworth Avenue just east of the railroad tracks
  • The Kenilworth Beach – The public beach on Lake Michigan, which is divided into a sailing beach and a bathing beach
  • Pee Wee Field – Also known as "Sears Stadium" - Baseball field located on the west side of town where many little leaguers play
  • Townley Field – District-owned sports field behind the school where many sports are played including field hockey, soccer, lacrosse, football, and the school Field Day
  • The Ware Garden – Public courtyard on the east side where many residents walk their dogs
  • Mahoney Park – A small park on the south side of town, named after the farm that was there at the town's founding
  • Kenilworth Train Station – Train station on the Metra Line in between Indian Hill and Wilmette stations
  • Joseph Sears School – Public elementary and junior high school on Abbotsford Road (JK-8)
  • The Kenilworth Club – A frequented community house that hosts all sorts of events throughout the year
  • Kenilworth Historical Society – Preserve and present the history of the town
  • Kenilworth Union Church – A non-denominational Protestant church on Kenilworth Avenue
  • Church of the Holy Comforter – Episcopal Church across the street from Kenilworth Union
  • Hiram Baldwin House – A Prairie School house designed by Frank Lloyd Wright in 1905

Public services[edit]

Kenilworth does not have its own fire department. The town contracts with the neighboring Winnetka fire department. For library services, the Kenilworth Public Library District contracts with the Wilmette Public Library District. Kenilworth has its own police department, and 9-1-1 calls are handled by Glenview Public Safety Dispatch.

The Village of Kenilworth maintains a Public Works Department for maintenance of streets, trees, village-owned buildings, and traffic signals. Kenilworth is served by the Kenilworth Park District, which maintains parks and related facilities, and provides recreational programming.

Government[edit]

Kenilworth vote by party in presidential elections[14]
Year Republican Democratic Third Parties
2020 34.22% 579 62.77% 1062 3.01% 51
2016 39.61% 604 51.74% 789 8.65% 132
2012 66.55 1,108 32.85% 547 0.60% 10
2008 55.27% 950 43.86% 754 0.87% 15

Education[edit]

Kenilworth has its own public school district, with its only school being Joseph Sears School, named after the founder of the village. The district is School District 38 in Cook County, and is the fifth most expensive K-8 district in the state of Illinois in per-student spending. The school, commonly known as Sears, runs from junior kindergarten through eighth grade, with about sixty students per grade.

Kenilworth is a part of New Trier Township High School District, which maintains campuses in the neighboring communities of Northfield (for freshmen) and Winnetka (for upperclassmen).

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2020 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 15, 2022.
  2. ^ a b c d "Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data (DP-1): Kenilworth village, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved March 13, 2013.
  3. ^ "Where the Rich Are in the Midwest: 50 Richest Zip Codes". Bloomberg.com. Bloomberg. 8 May 2018. Retrieved 2019-04-03.
  4. ^ Kilner, Colleen (1969). Joseph Sears and his Kenilworth. Kenilworth, IL: Kenilworth Historical Society. p. 138.
  5. ^ Kenilworth - First Fifty Years. Kenilworth, IL: Village of Kenilworth. 1947. p. 8.
  6. ^ Kenilworth - First Fifty Years. Kenilworth, IL: Village of Kenilworth. 1947. p. 2.
  7. ^ Kenilworth - First Fifty Years. Kenilworth, IL: Village of Kenilworth. 1947. pp. 25, 33, 39.
  8. ^ Kilner, Colleen (1969). Joseph Sears and His Kenilworth. Kenilworth, IL: Kenilworth Historical Society. pp. 153–54.
  9. ^ "Residents voice shock over cross burning here". Wilmette News. May 26, 1966.
  10. ^ a b Marihugh, Holly (December 8, 2014). "Friendship & Forgiveness in Kenilworth". Daily North Shore. Retrieved January 5, 2017.
  11. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2020-02-13. Retrieved 2015-08-04.
  12. ^ "U.S. Census website". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  13. ^ "Selected Economic Characteristics: 2007–2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates (DP03): Kenilworth village, Illinois". U.S. Census Bureau, American Factfinder. Archived from the original on February 12, 2020. Retrieved March 13, 2013.
  14. ^ "Election Results | Cook County Clerk".
  15. ^ Schulman, Daniel. "Frances Badger". chicagomodern.org. Retrieved 3 December 2016.
  16. ^ "$5.25M Kenilworth Home Designed by George Maher". Wilmette-Kenilworth, IL Patch. 2013-02-11. Retrieved 2018-06-14.
  17. ^ "Will The Streak Get Cracked?". thejeopardyfan.com (Blog). April 29, 2014.
  18. ^ Zawislak, Mick (September 12, 2009). "Kenilworth businessman to enter 10th Dist. Congressional race". Daily Herald.
  19. ^ "Oral history interview with Walker Evans, 1971 Oct. 13-Dec. 23". Archives of American Art. Smithsonian Institution. 1971.
  20. ^ "FEC Disclosure Image 28020220523". Federal Election Commission. March 3, 2008. Retrieved October 20, 2014.
  21. ^ Sweet, Lynn (July 23, 2010). "Mark Kirk and his near drowning story". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on February 9, 2013.
  22. ^ "George Washington Maher". Pleasant Home Foundation. Archived from the original on December 20, 2016. Retrieved October 20, 2014.
  23. ^ "From 'Bad Jim' in Las Vegas to 'geezer dad' in Kenilworth". Chicago Tribune. May 4, 2003.
  24. ^ "Newly disclosed account surfaces in 1966 Valerie Percy murder case". Chicago Tribune. June 14, 2011.
  25. ^ "Jude Reyes". Forbes.
  26. ^ Carlyle, Erin (November 17, 2013). "Liesel Pritzker Simmons Sued Her Family And Got $500 Million, But She's No Trust Fund Baby". Forbes.
  27. ^ "Terence H. Winkless". Internet Movie Database. Retrieved October 20, 2014.

External links[edit]