Kenilworth, Queensland

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Kenilworth
Sunshine CoastQueensland
KenilworthTownPark.JPG
Kenilworth Town Park
Kenilworth is located in Queensland
Kenilworth
Kenilworth
Coordinates26°35′42″S 152°43′39″E / 26.595°S 152.7275°E / -26.595; 152.7275 (Kenilworth (town centre))Coordinates: 26°35′42″S 152°43′39″E / 26.595°S 152.7275°E / -26.595; 152.7275 (Kenilworth (town centre))
Population558 (2016 census locality)[1]
 • Density2.960/km2 (7.667/sq mi)
Postcode(s)4574
Area188.5 km2 (72.8 sq mi)
Time zoneAEST (UTC+10:00)
LGA(s)Sunshine Coast Region
State electorate(s)
Federal division(s)
Localities around Kenilworth:
Lake Borumba Imbil Brooloo Moy Pocket
Jimna Kenilworth Gheerulla Coolabine
Jimna Conondale Cambroon Kidaman Creek Curramore

Kenilworth is a rural town and locality in the Sunshine Coast Region, Queensland, Australia.[2][3] In the 2016 census the locality of Kenilworth had a population of 558 people.[1]

Geography[edit]

Kenilworth is in the heart of the Mary Valley area of the Sunshine Coast. It is a rural area, about 50 kilometres (31 mi) from the coast, with dairy farming as the major industry.

The western part of the locality is within the Conondale National Park, while the northern part of the locality is within Imbil State Forest #1. In the south-west is the Walli State Forest.[4]

History[edit]

Dalla (also known as Dalambara and Dallambara) is a language of the Upper Brisbane River catchment, notably the Conondale Range. Dalla is part of the Duungidjawu language region includes the landscape within the local government boundaries of the Somerset Region and Moreton Bay Region, particularly the towns of Caboolture, Kilcoy, Woodford and Moore.[5]

The Mary River was known to the Aboriginals as the Numabulla and the name for the Kenilworth area being Hinka Booma. In 1842 Andrew Petrie named the river as the Wide Bay River. In 1847 that Governor Fitzroy renamed the river after his wife Mary.[6]

Richard Joseph Smith tendered to set up the first cattle run on the east bank of the Mary River in 1850. At the time Mrs Smith was reading Sir Walter Scott's novel "Kenilworth" and she decided to name the property after the novel.[2]

In 1877, 17,280 acres (6,990 ha) of land was resumed from the Kenilworth North pastoral run to be used as small farmers. The land was offered for selection from 17 April 1877.[7]

During the second half of the 19th century, the Smiths took up more land.

In October 1921 the Kenilworth Estate of 6,000 acres (2,400 ha) was auctioned having been subdivided into town lots, dairy blocks and grazing blocks. Up to £30 was paid for a town lot while the dairy blocks fetched up to £18 per acre and grazing blocks up to £7 per acre, realising a total of £46,000 from the sale overall.[8]

Other settlers arrived in 1891 originally intending to grow small crops. There was a ready market at the goldfields in Gympie but after the floods of 1893, 1895 and 1898 had wiped out their crops, most ventured into dairying and pig breeding. In 1901 the Kenilworth Farmers' Association was formed and in 1907 they built the Kenilworth Farmers Assembly Hall. This later housed a library and hosted dances. In 1905 the Association was responsible for establishing a co-operative butter factory which opened in Caboolture in 1907.

Also established was the Kenilworth Farmers' Co-operative Store in Eumundi. In 1912 a steam-powered sawmill was built on Coolabine Creek. In 1921 Kenilworth Station was sold off and divided into dairy farms and allotments. By 1925 all the large estates in the district had been subdivided and sold. Today dairying is still a major part of farming in the area but there has been diversification into fruit and vegetables and pig farming.

Kenilworth Post Office opened by 1926 (a receiving office had been open from 1896).[9]

The first store was opened in Kenilworth on 2 January 1924 as well as the new hall opening and the first butcher's shop appeared in 1925.

Kenilworth Provisional School built by the community opened on 22 January 1900. On 1 January 1909 it became Kenilworth State School. On 19 September 1928 it was renamed Kenilworth Lower State School. It closed on 3 July 1959.[10][11] This school was in the area now known as Gheerulla.

Kenilworth Township Provisional School opened 21 October 1924. On 1 October 1926 it became Kenilworth Township State School. On 15 May 1939 it was renamed Kenilworth State School. On 6 March 2003 it became Kenilworth State Community College. On 31 December 2008 the school ceased to provide secondary schooling (previously up to Year 10).[12][13]

Kenilworth Hall opened in the Kenilworth Township on 21 October 1924. The hall, in 1926, was equipped to show silent movies. The site for a public recreation ground was purchased in 1927 and in 1933, the Public Hall was moved to this new location.

The Church of England Mary Valley Parish was established in 1925.

The Kenilworth Library opened in 1986 with a major refurbishment in 2000.[14]

At the 2006 census, Kenilworth had a population of 238.[15]

In the 2011 census, Kenilworth had a population of 559 people.[16]

In the 2016 census the locality of Kenilworth had a population of 558 people.[1]

Heritage listings[edit]

Kenilworth has a number of heritage-listed sites, including:

Education[edit]

Kenilworth State Community College is a government primary (Prep-6) school for boys and girls at 3717 Maleny-Kenilworth Road (26°35′57″S 152°43′33″E / 26.5991°S 152.7257°E / -26.5991; 152.7257 (Kenilworth State Community College)).[18][19] In 2018, the school had an enrolment of 59 students with 9 teachers (5 full-time equivalent) and 9 non-teaching staff (5 full-time equivalent).[20] It includes a special education program.[18]

There is no secondary school in Kenilworth. The nearest government secondary schools are Mary Valley State College (to Year 10) in neighbouring Imbil to the north and Maleny State High School (to Year 12) in Maleny to the south-east.[4]

Amenities[edit]

The Sunshine Coast Regional Council operates a public library at 4A Elizabeth Street.[21][22]

Attractions[edit]

Kenilworth has a 'Living History' Museum with a theatrette which shows a history of the district to visitors, together with displays covering many areas of history past.[23]

Kenilworth Homestead still exists, though the 10,000 hectare cattle station is now reduced to 50 hectares. Since 1875, the Homestead and out-buildings have continually been restored and extended, still keeping as much of its original structure as possible. It is now used as a camping and riding centre.

Other attractions include a cheese factory as well as walking, camping and 4-wheel driving in the Kenilworth State Forest.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Australian Bureau of Statistics (27 June 2017). "Kenilworth (SSC)". 2016 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 20 October 2018. Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ a b "Kenilworth – town in Sunshine Coast Region (entry 17930)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  3. ^ "Kenilworth – locality in Sunshine Coast Region (entry 48695)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 29 December 2020.
  4. ^ a b "Queensland Globe". State of Queensland. Retrieved 6 May 2021.
  5. ^ CC-BY-icon-80x15.png This Wikipedia article incorporates CC-BY-4.0 licensed text from: "Indigenous languages map of Queensland". State Library of Queensland. State Library of Queensland. Retrieved 5 February 2020.
  6. ^ "Mary River (entry 21155)". Queensland Place Names. Queensland Government. Retrieved 24 July 2015.
  7. ^ "Proclamations under the New Land Acts". The Brisbane Courier. Queensland, Australia. 2 March 1877. p. 3. Retrieved 20 February 2020 – via Trove.
  8. ^ "GYMPIE". The Brisbane Courier. Queensland, Australia. 3 October 1921. p. 8. Retrieved 20 February 2020 – via Trove.
  9. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Premier Postal Auctions. Retrieved 10 May 2014.
  10. ^ "Agency ID 9073, Kenilworth Lower State School". Queensland State Archives. Retrieved 6 May 2021.
  11. ^ "Opening and closing dates of Queensland Schools". Queensland Government. Retrieved 6 May 2021.
  12. ^ "Kenilworth SS". Archived from the original on 4 February 2017. Retrieved 30 January 2017.
  13. ^ "Opening and closing dates of Queensland Schools". Queensland Government. Retrieved 18 April 2019.
  14. ^ "Public Libraries Statistical Bulletin 2016-17" (PDF). Public Libraries Connect. State Library of Queensland. November 2017. p. 16. Archived (PDF) from the original on 30 January 2018. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  15. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (25 October 2007). "Kenilworth (L) (Urban Centre/Locality)". 2006 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 4 June 2011.
  16. ^ Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Kenilworth". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 24 July 2015. Edit this at Wikidata
  17. ^ "Kenilworth Homestead (entry 602043)". Queensland Heritage Register. Queensland Heritage Council. Retrieved 14 July 2013.
  18. ^ a b "State and non-state school details". Queensland Government. 9 July 2018. Archived from the original on 21 November 2018. Retrieved 21 November 2018.
  19. ^ "Kenilworth State Community College". Retrieved 6 May 2021.
  20. ^ "ACARA School Profile 2018". Australian Curriculum, Assessment and Reporting Authority. Retrieved 28 January 2020.
  21. ^ "Kenilworth Library". plconnect.slq.qld.gov.au. Archived from the original on 21 March 2019. Retrieved 30 January 2018.
  22. ^ "Kenilworth Library". Sunshine Coast Regional Council. 5 December 2016. Retrieved 6 May 2021.
  23. ^ "Kenilworth Museum". Archived from the original on 4 February 2017. Retrieved 30 January 2017.

External links[edit]