|District and Town|
Keningau town centre
|• District Officer||Yusop Osman|
|Time zone||MST (UTC+8)|
|• Summer (DST)||Not observed (UTC)|
|Postcode||89xxx0 to 89xxx9|
Keningau (Chinese: 根地咬; pinyin: gēn dì yâo) is a district and major town located in the Interior Division and the fifth-largest town Sabah after Lahad Datu, on the south-eastern coast of Borneo in Malaysia.
Keningau is the oldest and largest town in the interior part of Sabah. Keningau is also located between Tambunan and Tenom. The town has an estimated population of 189,970 while the surrounding municipal area has a total population of 200,985.
- 1 Etymology and History
- 2 Geography
- 3 Cityscape
- 4 Demography
- 5 Places of interest
- 6 Communications and transportation
- 7 Public Services
- 8 Notable residents
- 9 See also
- 10 References
- 11 External links
Etymology and History
The name Keningau is derived from the locally-abundant Javanese cinnamon tree (Cinnamomum burmannii) which is locally known as Koningau. The tree is known as 'Kayu Manis' in Malay, and is sometimes also referred to as the 'king of spices'. The bark of this tree was collected by the British North Borneo Company to be sold as a spice. During the British colonial era, Keningau was one of the most important administrative centres in British North Borneo. The Japanese also used Keningau as one of its main administrative centres during their occupation of Sabah in World War II.
The following towns, suburbs and neighbourhoods comprise the area formally and collectively known as Keningau:
Keningau District covers an area of 3532.82 km² (1364 sq mi). It is situated in a valley bordered by the Crocker Range to the west and the Trus Madi Range to the east and south. The district consists of 43 mukims and 245 villages.
The Keningau 1 is south of the Keningau Town. There is a vibrant commercial district with some of historical 'shop-houses' centred.
Keningau 2/New Town
The so-called New Town, to the North of the Keningau. The New Town houses is located the main new Keningau Hospital. There are numerous shops, shopping malls, and school.
Keningau Handicraft Center (Pusat Kraftangan Keningau), located in the heart of Keningau (New Town), is known for its scenic beauty and recreational facilities. It comprises recreational of traditional art, an artificial of visual art and all tradtional things.
Ethnicity and religion
Keningau's population was estimated in 2010 at 173,103. Of this, 90% are Dusuns and Muruts, 8% are Chinese (of whom most are Hakka Chinese) and the balance is divided between other indigenous Sabahan races and foreign immigrants (both legal and illegal) from the Philippines and Indonesia. The latter group forms a disproportionately large part of the population of Keningau as many of these immigrants come to Keningau to seek employment in the many agricultural plantations in the district.
Apart from their own native languages, the indigenous Sabahan ethnicities present in Keningau mostly speak English, Malay, albeit a distinct Sabahan creole form of it. The ethnic Chinese population speak Hakka and Mandarin (two varieties of Chinese) among themselves, but generally speak Malay when interacting with members of the indigenous races. Most of the Indonesian and Filipino immigrants also speak Malay in addition to their various native languages.
Places of interest
Keningau Oath Stone
This monument was erected to commemorate Sabah's entrance into the federation of Malaysia by Garukon Gurun, a former Sergeant Major of the legendary North Borneo Constabulary from Kampung Dangulad Keningau. It was finally unveiled and officiated on 31 August 1964 . On the Stone is a plaque setting out the federal government's promises to the people of Sabah, as well as the reciprocal promise of Sabahans to remain loyal to the federal government. The Stone is currently located in the compound of the Keningau District Office.
Communications and transportation
Keningau is situated along the following highways:
- Kota Kinabalu-Papar-Kimanis-Keningau (Kimanis-Keningau Highway)
- Kota Kinabalu-Tambunan-Keningau-Tenom) (Malaysia Federal Route 500)
- Ranau-Tambunan-Keningau-Tenom-Kemabong (Interior North-South Highway)
- Keningau-Sook-Nabawan-Kalabakan-Tawau (Interior West-East Highway)
- Keningau-Sook-Tulid-Telupid-Sandakan (Keningau-Sandakan Highway)
Courts of law and legal enforcement
The district police headquarters is located on Jalan OKK Sodomon (OKK Sodomon Road). There are police substations or pondok polis (literally 'police huts') in Apin-Apin, Bingkor and Sook.
There are eight public health clinics, one public hospital, one maternal and child health clinic, four village clinics, one mobile clinic and one 1Malaysia clinic in Keningau. The new Keningau Hospital is the main hospital in the Interior Division, and is therefore visited by patients from the surrounding districts of Nabawan, Sook, Tambunan, Tenom and beyond. It was designed and built by Joseph Wilfred Lakai, an engineering specialist and project management consultant from Keningau in 2001 and fully completed in 2004.
The Keningau Sports Complex has facilities for badminton, tennis, volleyball and basketball as well as two stadiums for hockey and football. There is also a 25m swimming pool. It hosted the fifth Sabah Games in 2011.
Keningau Football Stadium has a capacity of 10,000 capacity. It is the home stadium for KDMM F.C.
- Stephen R. Evans – Politician, public administrator and author
- Tun Ahmad Koroh - Governor and Head of State of Sabah (Yang di-Pertua Negeri of Sabah)
- Joseph Kurup - Politician, lawyer
- Daphne Iking – Malaysian TV personality
- Joseph Wilfred Lakai – Mechanical engineer, consultant
- http://www.sabah.gov.my/pd.kgu/Keningau_secara_am.htm Archived 2 February 2006 at the Wayback Machine.
- "Total population by ethnic group, administrative district and state, Malaysia, 2010" (PDF). Department of Statistics, Malaysia. 2010. Retrieved 3 May 2014.
- (Malay) Keningau District Council
- (Malay) Keningau District Office
- Keningau Portal
- (Book) Keningau: Heritage and Legacy in the Interior Residency by Abednigo Chow Yau Shung