Kenmore (Spotsylvania County, Virginia)

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Not to be confused with Kenmore (Fredericksburg, Virginia).
Kenmore
Kenmore (also known as Kenmore Woods).JPG
Kenmore (also known as Kenmore Woods), Spotsylvania County, Virginia
Kenmore (Spotsylvania County, Virginia) is located in Virginia
Kenmore (Spotsylvania County, Virginia)
Location 8300 Courthouse Road, Spotsylvania County, Virginia
Nearest city Spotsylvania Courthouse, Virginia
Coordinates 38°11′6″N 77°35′47″W / 38.18500°N 77.59639°W / 38.18500; -77.59639Coordinates: 38°11′6″N 77°35′47″W / 38.18500°N 77.59639°W / 38.18500; -77.59639
Area 91.5 acres (37.0 ha)
Built 1829
Architectural style Federal
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference # 93000569[1]
VLR # 088-0038
Significant dates
Added to NRHP June 24, 1993
Designated VLR April 21, 1993[2]

Kenmore, (also known as Kenmore Woods), is a historic house in Spotsylvania County, Virginia, United States. It was built in 1829 by Samuel Alsop, Jr. (1776–1859) for his daughter Ann Eliza and her husband, John M. Anderson. The home bears the same name as the home of Fielding and Betty Lewis (Betty was the sister of George Washington) in nearby Fredericksburg, Virginia. To distinguish the houses, Kenmore in Spotsylvania County was renamed Kenmore Woods.[3] Samuel Alsop, Jr. designed a number of homes in Spotsylvania County. In addition to Kenmore, he also designed and built "Oakley" for another daughter as well as his own home, "Fairview". In all, Alsop designed and built 10 homes.[4]

Design[edit]

Begun in 1828 and finished in 1829, the design of the home is Federal-style. The house was built on 430 acres (170 ha) that Alsop purchased in 1821.[5] The relatively modest-sized Kenmore is unusual for Alsop in that it was designed with a narrow central hallway and a spiral staircase.[3][4]

Another unusual aspect of the house is the brickwork. On the front and south sides, bricks are laid in flemish bond pattern while the other sides are common bond. The present owners of the house suggest that the reason for this might be that the house sits on an interesection of two roads and, thus, visible from 2 sides.[3]

The kitchen was originally an outbuilding – a structure built apart from the main house. It was common in Colonial times to separate the kitchen from the rest of the house because the kitchen was the working area of the household's slaves.[6]

History[edit]

The house was sold in 1832 to Dr. Hubbard Minor who, in 1836, added an ell to the rear of the home and a gable end shed roof. The ell is now a sitting room. The character of the additions was Greek Revival.[1][3]

The house was located at the intersection of major roads near Spotsylvania Courthouse. During the American civil war, the house was used by Colonel Walker of the Army of Northern Virginia as a headquarters during the Battle of Spotsylvania Courthouse in 1864.[3][5]

Dr. Maxwell Harbin and his wife purchased the house in 1935 and changed the name of the home to Kenmore Woods because of the confusion with the home of George Washington's sister, Betty, in nearby Fredericksburg, Virginia. Sometime during the 1930s, a screened porch was added to the south side of the home. To create a passage from the house onto the porch, it was necessary to cut through four courses of brick. It was around this time that electricity and plumbing were added to the house.[3][4]

Kenmore was added to the National Register of Historic Places in June 1993.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 2010-07-09. 
  2. ^ "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 5 June 2013. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f Zitz, Michael (21 April 1995). "Willing Hands Work to Preserve the Past". The Free Lance-Star, Fredericksburg, Virginia. Retrieved 22 May 2012. 
  4. ^ a b c Mead, Eileen (16 April 1993). "It's Lookin' Good at Kenmore Woods". The Free Lance-Star, Fredericksburg, Virginia. Retrieved 22 May 2012. 
  5. ^ a b Calder, Loth, ed. (2000). The Virginia Landmarks Register (4th ed.). The Virginia Landmarks Register. p. 497. ISBN 9780813918624. Retrieved 22 May 2012. 
  6. ^ Snodgrass, Mary Ellen (2004). Encyclopedia of Kitchen History. Taylor & Francis. pp. 311–312. ISBN 9781579583804. 

Further reading[edit]

National Register of Historic Places nomination form for Kenmore