Kenmore (Fredericksburg, Virginia)
Kenmore Plantation, 2010
|Location||1201 Washington Avenue, Fredericksburg, Virginia|
|Area||1 acre (0.4 ha)|
|Part of||Washington Avenue Historic District (#02000518)|
|NRHP Reference #||69000325|
|Added to NRHP||June 4, 1969|
|Designated NHL||April 15, 1970|
|Designated CP||May 16, 2002|
|Designated VLR||November 5, 1968|
Kenmore, also known as Kenmore Plantation, is a plantation house at 1201 Washington Avenue in Fredericksburg, Virginia. Built in the 1770s, it was the home of Fielding and Betty Washington Lewis and is the only surviving structure from the 1,300-acre (530 ha) Kenmore plantation. Betty was the sister of George Washington, the first president of the United States.
Kenmore is owned and operated as a house museum by The George Washington Foundation (formerly George Washington's Fredericksburg Foundation), and is open daily for guided tours. The Foundation also owns nearby Ferry Farm, where George Washington lived as a child.
The house was completed in 1776 for Fielding and Betty Washington Lewis, the sister of George Washington. He was a planter and successful merchant in town. Their plantation grew tobacco, wheat, and corn by the labor of slaves. More than 80 slaves worked on the 1300-acre plantation, including a number of domestic slaves. The mansion's rear frontage was oriented to the Rapahannock River for easy transportation access.
Betty's mother Mary Ball Washington was buried on the grounds, which she had liked to visit. Lewis descendants sold the house and property in 1797 after Betty Washington Lewis' death. A memorial was erected in 1894 at the Mary Ball Washington gravesite.
During the American Civil War, the plantation house and outbuildings were used as a makeshift Union military hospital after the Battle of the Wilderness in 1864. It was also used by federal troops on their way to Richmond at the close of the war.
Today the house and reconstructed dependencies stand on three acres of ground at 1201 Washington Avenue. It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1969 and was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1970. It is included in the Washington Avenue Historic District.
- List of National Historic Landmarks in Virginia
- National Register of Historic Places listings in Fredericksburg, Virginia
- James Dillon (1974-10-17), National Register of Historic Places Inventory-Nomination: Kenmore (pdf), National Park Service and Accompanying nine photos, exterior and interior, from 1967, 1969, and undated (32 kB)
- "Virginia Landmarks Register". Virginia Department of Historic Resources. Retrieved 19 March 2013.
- National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service.
- "Kenmore Plantation". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Archived from the original on 2007-12-31. Retrieved 2008-06-26.
- Loth, Calder, ed. (1999). The Virginia Landmarks Register. The University Press of Virginia. p. 183. ISBN 0-8139-1862-6.
- "Heritage Sites & Organizations: Kenmore". Virginia African American Heritage Program. Retrieved 2008-12-31.
- Library of Virginia: About the Charles F. Gillette Photograph Collection
- Media related to Kenmore (Fredericksburg, Virginia) at Wikimedia Commons
- Official website
- Historic American Buildings Survey (HABS) No. VA-305, "Kenmore, 1201 Washington Avenue, Fredericksburg, Independent City, VA", 63 photos, 5 color transparencies, 19 measured drawings, 3 data pages, 5 photo caption pages
- HABS No. VA-305-A, "Kenmore, Office", 1 photo
- HABS No. VA-305-B, "Kenmore, Kitchen", 2 photos
- African American Historic Sites Database, Virginia African Heritage Program