Kennedy Farm

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Kennedy Farm
Kennedy Farm, Chestnut Grove Road, Samples Manor vicinity (Washington County, Maryland).jpg
Kennedy Farm is located in Maryland
Kennedy Farm
Kennedy Farm is located in USA
Kennedy Farm
Location Samples Manor, Maryland
Coordinates 39°22′47″N 77°42′56″W / 39.37972°N 77.71556°W / 39.37972; -77.71556Coordinates: 39°22′47″N 77°42′56″W / 39.37972°N 77.71556°W / 39.37972; -77.71556
Built circa 1800
NRHP Reference # 73000941
Significant dates
Added to NRHP November 7, 1973[1]
Designated NHL November 7, 1973[2]

The Kennedy Farm is an American landmark where John Brown planned and began his raid on Harpers Ferry, West Virginia in 1859. Also known as John Brown's Headquarters and Kennedy Farmhouse, the log, stone and brick building has retained its historical integrity and is essentially the same as it was in 1859.[3] It was designated a National Historic Landmark on November 7, 1973.[2]

Brown arrived in Maryland in 1859 and rented the house, owned by the heirs of Dr. Booth Kennedy. For three months Brown planned the raid on Harpers Ferry, seven miles away. During that time he assembled his group of family members and followers, as well as a small arsenal of weapons to assault the Harpers Ferry arsenal.[4]

The 2 12-story house uses stone, brick and log construction with a stucco overlay. The four-bay house has a double-tiered porch running outside three rooms on the first and second floors. There are two rooms in the attic, and a small shed attidtion to the rear. An interior stair links the central rooms inside, and an exterior stair links the porch's two levels.[4]

Located at 2406 Chestnut Grove Road in Sharpsburg, Maryland, the house has been restored by the Maryland Historical Trust and is open for tours by appointment.


  1. ^ Staff (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ a b "Kennedy Farm". National Historic Landmark summary listing. National Park Service. Retrieved 2008-06-17. 
  3. ^ "Maryland Historical Trust". John Brown's Headquarters. Maryland Historical Trust. 2008-06-08. 
  4. ^ a b Levy, Benjamin (June 13, 1973). "National Register of Historic Places Inventory Nomination: Kennedy Farm" (PDF). National Park Service. Retrieved 2009-03-24. 

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