Kennedy Scholarship

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White House portrait of President John F. Kennedy.

Kennedy Scholarships provide full funding for up to ten British post-graduate students to study at either Harvard University or the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT). Susan Hockfield, the sixteenth President of MIT, described the scholarship program as a way to "offer exceptional students unique opportunities to broaden their intellectual and personal horizons, in ways that are more important than ever in an era defined by global interaction.".[1] In 2007, 163 applications were received, of which 10 were ultimately selected, for an acceptance rate of 6.1%.[2]

The creation of the Kennedy Memorial Trust[edit]

Following the assassination of President John F. Kennedy in 1963, Sir Alec Douglas-Home, the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom, set about creating a national British memorial in his memory. He consulted with Harold Wilson (the Leader of HM's Loyal Opposition), Sir David Ormsby-Gore (British Ambassador to the United States), Dean Rusk (United States Secretary of State) and the Kennedy family. It was agreed that Douglas-Home would establish a committee, chaired by Lord Franks (former British Ambassador to the United States of America), to make recommendations on the form of the memorial to President Kennedy.

The membership of the Franks Committee included:

  1. Lord Franks - (chairman)
  2. Lord Mayor of London
  3. Lord Mayor of Belfast
  4. Lord Mayor of Cardiff
  5. Lord Provost of Edinburgh
  6. Raymond Evershed, 1st Baron Evershed - Master of the Rolls (1949–1962), Law Lord
  7. Roger Makins, 1st Baron Sherfield - Former British Ambassador to the United States of America (1953–1956)
  8. Victor Feather - General Secretary of the Trades Union Congress (1969–1973)
  9. Lord Harcourt - Chairman of the Harkness Fellowship Trust
  10. Sir Phillip de Zulueta - Foreign Affairs Private Secretary to Anthony Eden and Harold Macmillan
  11. Oliver Lyttelton, 1st Viscount Chandos - former Secretary of State for the Colonies (1951–1954)
  12. Margot Fontaine - Ballerina
  13. John Freeman - British Ambassador to the United States of America (1969–1971)

Following wide consultation, Franks wrote to the Prime Minister to recommend that the memorial should be in two parts:

1. A living memorial, in the form of a scholarship to attend either Harvard or MIT. This would assist to perpetuate the values and ideals of President Kennedy; act as a spur to closer Anglo-American relations; and develop future leaders in politics, academia, public service, business and law. Franks hoped that it would be "a Rhodes scholarship in reverse".

These universities were selected for two reasons. Firstly they were located in Massachusetts, the State represented by President Kennedy when a junior Senator and the home state of the Kennedy family. Secondly, President Kennedy had attended Harvard.

2. A permanent memorial site in Runnymede, England, the site of the Magna Carta. This location was chosen because it was regarded as the birthplace of the freedoms which President Kennedy promised to uphold.

The recommendations of the committee were agreed and the John F. Kennedy Memorial Act 1964 was passed into legislation to enact and manage the two memorials.

Kennedy family[edit]

JFK Memorial designed by Geoffrey Jellicoe

The Kennedy family have been strong supporters of the British Kennedy memorial since its creation. Jacqueline Kennedy and Elizabeth II of the United Kingdom unveiled the memorial at Runnymede in 1965. It consists of a Portland stone memorial tablet within natural woodland and meadow, where the visitor is invited on a journey, resembling that in Pilgrim's Progress; the journey through what is seen is mirrored by a depper one into the unseen landscape of life, death and spirit. The stone is inscribed with the famous quote from Kennedy's Inaugural Address given on 20 January 1961:

Senator Edward Kennedy described the program as the most ambitious of all the memorials to his brother, and he was a passionate supporter of the Kennedy Scholarships until his death in August 2009.[3]

Former trustees[edit]

Since 1964, all Kennedy Memorial Trust trustees have been appointed by the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.[4] Various prominent individuals have previously served as trustees. These include:

Trustees[edit]

The current trustees are:

  • Professor Tony Badger (Chairman) - former Master of Clare College, Cambridge and Paul Mellon Professor of American History, Cambridge University.
  • Dr Peter Englander- former Kennedy Scholar, venture capitalist.
  • Stephanie Flanders - former Kennedy Scholar, Chief Market Strategist for Europe with JP Morgan Asset Management.
  • Johnny Grimond - Editor at large The Economist.
  • Professor Fiona Macpherson - former Kennedy Scholar, Head of Philosophy and Director of the Centre for the Study of Perceptual Experience, Glasgow University
  • United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom - (representing the President of the United States).
  • Professor Anthony Saich (representing Harvard)- Director of the Ash Centre for Democratic Governance and Innovation, Daewoo Professor of International Affairs, Harvard Kennedy School
  • Dr Martin Weale CBE, Monetary Policy Committee, Bank of England
  • Professor Andrew Whittle (representing MIT) - A former Kennedy Scholar, Professor and Head of Department of Civil & Environmental Engineering.

Patrons[edit]

Selection[edit]

In total, 505 individuals have been awarded a Kennedy Scholarship. Selection follows a national competition which begins each autumn. A long-list and short-list are chosen and then around twenty-five individuals are invited to London for interview by the trustees.

When evaluating applications and interviewing candidates, the trustees take into consideration candidates':

  • intellectual attainment
  • readiness and ability to express themselves
  • the suitability of their proposed course of study at Harvard or MIT.

They may also look for: originality of mind, commitment to public service, potential to make a mark in public life and the ability to overcome adversity

The selection aims, criteria and standards are comparable to the Rhodes Scholarship program.[5]

Notable Kennedy scholars[edit]

Prominent former scholars include:

Politics, government and civil service[edit]

The Right Honourable Yvette Cooper, the Shadow Home Secretary (2011 - 2015). She was the first woman and the second Kennedy Scholar to hold the Cabinet post of Chief Secretary to the Treasury
The Right Honourable David Miliband, the Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (2007 - 2010), one of four Kennedy Scholars in the Cabinet of Gordon Brown.

Economics and finance[edit]

Journalism[edit]

Academia[edit]

Law[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "MIT and Harvard to expand Kennedy Scholarship Program". MIT News. 13 April 2007. 
  2. ^ http://www.cam.ac.uk/news/seven-cambridge-students-named-as-kennedy-scholars
  3. ^ "Kennedy Scholarship Program to expand". News.harvard.edu. Archived from the original on 17 July 2007. Retrieved 2015-03-06. 
  4. ^ "Kennedy Memorial Trust (Emma Rothschild)". Number10.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 5 September 2009. Retrieved 2015-03-06. 
  5. ^ "BBC NEWS - UK - Magazine - JFK's legacy". News.bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2015-03-06. 

External links[edit]