Kennedy family

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"Kennedys" redirects here. For other people named "Kennedy", see Kennedy (surname).
Kennedy
BirthdayJPK.jpg
Members of the Kennedy family at the birthday of Joseph P. Kennedy Sr. on September 6, 1963.
Place of origin New Ross, County Wexford (Irish forebears)
Boston, Massachusetts (American political dynasty)
Distinctions Prominence in politics
Family tragedies
Estate Kennedy Compound, Hyannis Port, Massachusetts

The Kennedy family is a family that has been prominent in American politics, public service, and business during the 20th century. At least one Kennedy family member held national elective office in every year between 1947 and 2011, a span of time comprising more than a quarter of the nation's existence.[1]

History[edit]

The first Kennedys to reside in the United States were Patrick Kennedy and Bridget Murphy, who sailed from Ireland to East Boston in 1849.[2] Their son P. J. went into Massachusetts politics and business. P. J. and his wife Mary Hickey were the parents of businessman and politician Joseph P. Kennedy Sr.[3] Joseph Sr. was the first Kennedy to achieve national prominence, and amassed a fortune in banking and securities trading, which he further expanded by investing heavily in other growing industries. Under President Franklin D. Roosevelt, Joseph Sr. was appointed the first chairman of the Securities and Exchange Commission, directed the Maritime Commission, and served a controversial term as Ambassador to the United Kingdom in the lead-up to World War II.

Joseph Sr.'s wife was Rose Fitzgerald, whose own father was Boston Mayor John F. Fitzgerald. They had nine children: Joseph Jr., John, Rosemary, Kathleen, Eunice, Patricia, Robert, Jean, and Ted. John served as the President of the United States, while Robert and Ted both became prominent senators. Every Kennedy to hold elective office has served as a Democrat while other members of the family have worked for the Democratic Party or held Cabinet posts under Democratic administrations. Many have attended Harvard University, and the family has contributed greatly to that university's John F. Kennedy School of Government.

Joseph Sr. originally hoped for his eldest son, Joseph Jr., to become a politician and ultimately to be elected President. After Joseph Jr. was killed in World War II, Joseph, Sr.'s hopes transferred to his second son, John. After returning from military service in 1947, John first served in the U.S. House of Representatives for six years, and later as the junior Senator from Massachusetts until he was elected President in 1960. During his presidency, John appointed Robert as Attorney General. Meanwhile, Ted was elected to the Senate in 1962. The family received intense publicity during John's term as President, often emphasizing their relative youth, allure, education, and future in politics.

The family has suffered many tragedies in the present day, which contributed to the idea of the "Kennedy curse". Rosemary underwent a lobotomy which left her incapacitated; John and Robert were both assassinated in the 1960s; Ted was involved in the Chappaquiddick incident in 1969, which caused the death of his young assistant, Mary Jo Kopechne; and Joseph Jr., Kathleen, and John Jr. all died in airplane crashes.

Genealogy[edit]

Kennedy family tree[i]
I.[ii] James Kennedy
(c.1770–c.1840)
Maria
(maiden name unknown)
(1779–1835)[iii]
II. Patrick Kennedy
(c.1823, Ireland–​1858, U.S.)[iv]
Bridget
Murphy
(c.1824–1888)[v]
III. Mary L.
Kennedy
(1851–1926)
Joanna L. Kennedy
(1852–1926)
John
Kennedy III
(1854–1855)
Margaret M. Kennedy
(1855–1929)
Patrick Joseph 'P.J.' Kennedy
(1858–1929)
Mary Augusta Hickey
(1857–1923)[vi]
IV. Joseph P. 'Joe' Kennedy Sr.
(1888–1969)
Rose Elizabeth Fitzgerald
(1890–1995)[vii]
Francis Benedict
Kennedy
(1891–1892)
Mary Loretta
Kennedy
(1892–1972)
George William
Connelly
(1898–1971)
Margaret Louise
Kennedy
(1898–1974)
Charles Joseph
Burke
(1899–1967)
V. Joseph Patrick Kennedy Jr.
(1915–1944)
John Fitzgerald
Kennedy

(1917–1963)
Rose Marie
Kennedy

(1918–2005)
Kathleen Agnes (Marchioness of Hartington)
Kennedy

(1920–1948)
Eunice Mary
Kennedy

(1921–2009)
Patricia Helen
Kennedy

(1924–2006)
Robert Francis 'Bobby'
Kennedy

(1925–1968)
Jean Ann
Kennedy

(b. 1928)
Edward Moore 'Ted'
Kennedy

(1932–2009)
Jacqueline Lee
Bouvier

(1929–1994)
William Cavendish, Marquess of Hartington
(1917–1944)
Robert Sargent Shriver Jr.
(1915–2011)
Peter Sydney Ernest Lawford
(1923–1984)
Ethel
Skakel

(b. 1928)
Stephen Edward
Smith

(1927–1990)
Virginia Joan Bennett
(b. 1936)
1st m./div.
Victoria Anne Reggie
(b. 1954)
2nd m.
VI. Arabella Kennedy
(1956–1956)
Caroline Bouvier
Kennedy

(b. 1957)
John Fitzgerald Kennedy Jr.
(1960–1999)
Patrick Bouvier
Kennedy

(1963–1963)
Kara Anne
Kennedy

(1960–2011)
Edward Moore
Kennedy Jr.

(b. 1961)
Patrick Joseph
Kennedy II

(b. 1967)
CK-S
Robert Sargent Shriver III
(b. 1954)
Maria Owings Shriver
(b. 1955)
Arnold Alois Schwarzenegger
(b. 1947)
Timothy Perry Shriver
(b. 1959)
Mark Kennedy Shriver
(b. 1964)
Anthony Paul Kennedy
Shriver

(b. 1965)
Stephen Edward
Smith Jr.
(b. 1957)
William Kennedy
Smith

(b. 1960)
Amanda Mary
Smith
(b. 1967)
Kym Maria
Smith
(b. 1972)
MSh-Schw
Christopher Kennedy Lawford
(b. 1955)
Sydney Maleia Kennedy Lawford
(b. 1956)
Victoria Francis Lawford
(b. 1958)
Robin
Elizabeth
Lawford
(b. 1961)
Kathleen Hartington Kennedy
(b. 1951)
Joseph Patrick Kennedy II
(b. 1952)
Robert Francis Kennedy Jr.
(b. 1954)
David Anthony Kennedy
(1955–1984)
Mary Courtney Kennedy
(b. 1956)
Michael LeMoyne
Kennedy

(1958–1997)
Mary Kerry
'Kerry'
Kennedy

(b. 1959)
Christopher George
Kennedy

(b. 1963)
Matthew Maxwell Taylor 'Max' Kennedy
(b. 1965)
Douglas Harriman
Kennedy

(b. 1967)
Rory Elizabeth Katherine
Kennedy

(b. 1968)
JPK2-R
JPK2-R MSh-Schw CK-S
VII.[viii] Joseph Patrick
Kennedy III

(b. 1980)
Katherine Eunice
Schwarzenegger

(b. 1989)
Patrick Arnold
Shriver
Schwarzenegger

(b. 1993)
Rose Kennedy
Schlossberg

(b. 1988)
John Bouvier
Kennedy
Schlossberg

(b. 1993)
Notes:
  1. ^ Lundy, Darryl (10 May 2003). "Patrick Kennedy". The Peerage. p. 6527 § 65269. Retrieved 21 October 2014. Patrick Kennedy M, b. circa 1823, d. 22 November 1858 
  2. ^ The numbering of generations (in Roman numerals I–VII) is arbitrary
  3. ^ Marriage Maier 2003, p. [page needed]
  4. ^ Parents: Maier, Thomas (2003). The Kennedys: America's Emerald Kings. Basic Books. p. [page needed]. ISBN 978-0-465-04317-0. 
  5. ^ Marriage: Collier, P.; Horowitz, D. (1984). The Kennedys - An American Drama. [full citation needed]
  6. ^ Marriage: "Mary Augusta Hickey". Find A Grave. Retrieved April 16, 2014. 
  7. ^ Parents: Goodwin, Doris Kearns (2001). The Fitzgeralds and the Kennedys: An American Saga. Simon and Schuster. pp. 88–89. 
  8. ^ In generation VII, only notable family members are listed

References[edit]

  1. ^ Levenson, Michael (February 13, 2010). "Pondering a Congress without Kennedys". The Boston Globe. 
  2. ^ Maier, Thomas (2003). The Kennedys: America's Emerald Kings. Basic Books. p. [page needed]. ISBN 978-0-465-04317-0. 
  3. ^ The Kennedy Family The JFK Library, accessed Feb 10, 2016

External links[edit]