Kenneth Bae

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Kenneth Bae
Born (1968-08-01) August 1, 1968 (age 49)
Organization NGI - Nehemiah Global Initiative
Korean name
Chosŏn'gŭl
Hancha [1]
Revised Romanization Bae Jun-ho
McCune–Reischauer Pae Chunho
Detainment
Country  North Korea
Detained November 3, 2012
Released November 8, 2014
Days in detention 735
Sentence 15 years of hard labor[2][3]
Reason for detention Hostile acts against the republic[4][5]
Website http://ngikorea.org

Kenneth Bae (born Pae Jun Ho; born August 1, 1968)[6][7][8][9][10] is a Korean-American Evangelical Christian Missionary[11][12][13][14] convicted by North Korea on charges of planning to overthrow the North Korean government, including setting up bases in China for the purpose of toppling the North Korean government. In April 2013, he was sentenced to 15 years of imprisonment.[2][3] He was released on November 8, 2014, along with fellow American Matthew Todd Miller.[15] In 2016, he founded the NGO named NGI - Nehemiah Global Initiative,[16] whose goals consist of remembering, rescuing, and recovering North Korean refugees and rebuilding their lives in China and South Korea.

Early life[edit]

Bae was born in South Korea in 1968. Bae moved to the United States at age 18 with his family in 1985[17][18][19] or in 1986.[20] Bae (as Jun Ho Bae)[20] graduated from West High School in Torrance, California in 1988 when he was 20 years old.[20] He studied psychology at the University of Oregon in Eugene, Oregon for two years.[21][4][22]

Career and personal life[edit]

Bae lived in Lynnwood, Washington, in Snohomish County.[23][24][25][when?] Bae has a sister, Terri Chung, who is stated to live in Lynnwood[26] and in Edmonds, which is also in Snohomish County.[27]

As of January 2014, Bae is the father of two children in Arizona and of another child in Hawaii, ages 17, 22 and 23. Bae also has at least one stepdaughter.[17]

Bae lived in China with his wife and his step-daughter for seven years.[17][when?] He created a tourism company called "Nations Tour" for North Korean special economic zone visits that were stated to be Christian missionary trips.[4][28][29]

Arrest and prosecution[edit]

In December 2012, human rights activists in Seoul reported that an American had been held in North Korea for a month.[30] On December 21, 2012, North Korea announced that it had charged an American identified as Bae Jun-ho with "hostile acts against the republic."[4][5] Between January 7 and January 10, former UN ambassador Bill Richardson was unable to meet Bae and delivered a letter from Bae's son to North Korean authorities.[31]

North Korean media stated Bae was prosecuted for several alleged crimes:[32][33][34][35]

  • Working with evangelical organization Youth With A Mission (YWAM); Bae is accused of preaching against the North Korean government in American and South Korean churches.[36]
  • Planning an anti-North Korean religious coup d'état called "Operation Jericho" (a reference to the biblical city whose walls were toppled by the sound of the Israelites' trumpets), which began in the US, South Korea, and China long before Bae traveled to North Korea.[36]
  • Setting up bases in China for the purpose of toppling the DPRK.
  • Encouraging North Korean citizens to bring down the government.
  • Conducting a malignant smear campaign.

On April 30, 2013, North Korea's Supreme Court sentenced Bae to 15 years of hard labor.[37][38]

Prison life[edit]

On May 14, 2013, he was moved to a special prison.[39] Bae would do eight hours of farm labor a day.[32]

Bae sent hand-written letters to his family claiming that he was going blind and that help was needed.[35] On July 3, 2013, an interview with Bae was released, in which he spoke of health problems including diabetes, high blood pressure, fatty liver, and a back problem.[32] When asked if prison life was bearable, he replied: "Yes, people here are very considerate. But my health is not in the best condition, so there are some difficulties. But, everyone here is considerate and generous, and we have doctors here, so I'm getting regular check-ups."[34] A Swedish ambassador met with Bae in a hospital in August 2013; his sister reported that he was moved from the camp because of deteriorating health and after losing more than 50 pounds (23 kg).[32][32][40][41] Bae's mother, Myunghee Bae, arrived in North Korea on October 11 to visit her son for five days.[42][43] She was allowed three visits, totaling six hours.[44] In February 2014, Bae left the hospital and returned to the work camp.[45]

Reactions[edit]

United States[edit]

On the day he was sentenced, the United States called for the immediate release of Kenneth Bae on humanitarian grounds.[46] During the 2013 Korean crisis, North Korea stated that the reason the country did not invite US officials to Pyongyang for Bae's release is that he is not a "political bargaining chip."[47][48]

On July 3, 2013, an interview with Bae was released, in which he begged for forgiveness from his captors and for United States' help.[34] Despite getting a weekly update from the State Department, Kenneth's family insisted that the United States government wasn't doing a good enough job bringing him back.[35] It was confirmed later in July that Jimmy Carter had no plans to visit North Korea regarding Bae.[49]

On August 13, State Department spokeswoman Marie Harf stated that the United States was "willing to consider a number of different options to secure his release."[50] On August 27, the United States announced that its North Korean human rights envoy, Robert R. King, would travel to Pyongyang and ask for the government to pardon Bae,[51] but three days later North Korea rescinded its invitation.[52] The reason given for the cancellation was that the United States used nuclear-capable bombers in military drills with South Korea,[53] contradicting North Korea's earlier claim that Bae was not a "political bargaining chip."[54][55]

On November 30, the United States called for the release of Bae and Merrill Newman, an American citizen also being detained who confessed to "indelible crimes" during his service in the Korean War. National Security Council spokeswoman Caitlin Hayden said: "We continue to urge the DPRK authorities to grant [Bae] amnesty and immediate release."[56] American officials talked to relatives of both detainees. On December 7, Newman was released; Marie Harf stated: "We welcome the DPRK's decision to release [Newman]. This positive decision by the DPRK throws into sharper relief the continuing detention of Bae. We call on the DPRK once again to pardon and grant Mr. Bae special amnesty and immediately release him as a humanitarian gesture so that he too can return home to his family."[57]

On January 20, 2014, Bae said in a statement that he had committed a "serious crime" against North Korea, and that the nation does "not abuse human rights." He asked the United States government "to make more active efforts and pay more attention."[58] The United States then offered to send Robert R. King to North Korea.[59]

Dennis Rodman[edit]

On May 7, 2013, after reading an article from The Seattle Times,[60] former professional basketball player Dennis Rodman sent out a tweet asking his "friend" Kim Jong-un to do him "a solid" and release Bae.[61][62]

On May 10, Rodman promised that he would go to North Korea on August 1 to rescue Bae. Rodman criticized United States President Barack Obama, saying, "We got a black president [who] can't even go talk to [Jong-un] ... Obama can't do anything, I don't know why he won't go talk to him."[63][64] Rodman did not go to North Korea in August,[63] but did go in September 2013. While in Beijing, Rodman said he was visiting North Korea again to create a basketball league there and to fix American-North Korean relations. Rodman declined to discuss Bae.[53][65][66] The same month, Rodman returned from China[67] and lost his temper when he was asked questions about Bae, saying that Bae was not his responsibility.[68][69]

On January 7, 2014, while in North Korea, Rodman was asked if he would raise the issue of Kenneth Bae during a CNN interview. He became agitated and said, "Kenneth Bae did one thing ... If you understand what Kenneth Bae did. Do you understand what he did in this country? No, no, no, you tell me, you tell me. Why is he held captive here in this country, why? ... I would love to speak on this."[70][71] The next day, Bae's sister said of Rodman's comments, "There is no diplomacy, only games, and at my brother's expense."[72] Rodman apologized for his comments about Kenneth Bae on January 9, 2014, saying he had been drinking and was stressed when he made the remarks.[73][74]

Kenneth Bae would later credit Dennis Rodman with his early release, saying that Rodman's rant raised awareness of his case and that he wished to personally thank him.[75]

Release[edit]

Bae was released by North Korean authorities on Saturday, November 8, 2014 along with fellow American Matthew Todd Miller.[15] In 2016, Bae published a book about his ordeal: Not Forgotten: The True Story of My Imprisonment in North Korea.[76]

Nehemiah Global Initiative[edit]

In 2017 Bae decided to found a NGO to help North Korean refugees and raise the awareness of people around the world about the situation in North Korea. His inspiration was also the petition campaign that helped his release.

"Nehemiah Global Initiative is a global non-profit NGO established by missionary Kenneth Bae who was detained in the North Korea for 2 years. It was founded in 2016 to protect vulnerable refugees of various nationalities and ethnicities. NGI’s Seoul headquarters was established on October 2017, and since then it has been ceaselessly working to rescue North Korean defectors and helping them to physically and spiritually reestablish new lives in South Korea." [77]

"The ‘Nehemiah One Million Prayer Petition’ Campaign is designed to engage people from all over the world who have a heart for North Korea. Through this campaign we REMEMBER the 25 million North Korean citizens, STAND WITH them, and PRAY for them. Inspiration for the campaign comes from the 178,000 people who petitioned former President Obama to fight for the release of Kenneth Bae, who was detained from 2012 to 2014 in North Korea. Its aim is to have one million people simultaneously praying for the 25 million North Koreans who live in North Korea."[78]

Projects in NGI:

  • Remember:
    • NEHEMIAH ONE MILLION PRAYER PETITION CAMPAIGN: Petition campaign inspired by the campaign that helped his release from North Korea. "a campaign for all who wish to see North Korea free"[79]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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Further reading[edit]

  • Bae, Kenneth; Tabb, Mark (2016). Not Forgotten: The True Story of My Imprisonment in North Korea. Nashville: Thomas Nelson. ISBN 978-0718079635.