|Sir Kenneth Cross|
|Born||4 October 1911|
|Died||18 June 2003(aged 91)|
|Service/branch||Royal Air Force|
|Years of service||1930–1967|
|Rank||Air Chief Marshal|
|Commands held||Transport Command
No. 3 Group
No. 242 Group
No. 212 Group
No. 252 Wing
No. 258 Wing
No. 46 Squadron
|Battles/wars||Second World War|
|Awards||Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath
Commander of the Order of the British Empire
Distinguished Service Order
Distinguished Flying Cross
Mentioned in Despatches
The eldest son of Pembroke Henry Cokayne Cross (1884–1964) a chartered surveyor, and Jeanie Boyd (1888–1944), he was educated at Hilsea College in Portsmouth, Havant High School, and Kingswood School. Cross joined the Royal Air Force in April 1930. He first served with No. 25 Squadron in 1931, before a spell as instructor with 5 FTS at Sealand. In 1934 he was part of the Cambridge University Air Squadron. In December 1938 Squadron Leader Cross was appointed Auxiliary Liaison Officer at HQ, No 12 Group, Fighter Command.
Cross served in the Second World War and in October 1939 was appointed Officer Commanding No. 46 Squadron, conducting flying missions over Norway. For his service in Norway he was awarded the Norwegian War Cross with sword. Ordered to return to the United Kingdom in June 1940, his officers achieved the seemingly impossible task of landing all their Hurricanes on the aircraft carrier HMS Glorious without arresting gear. Their success was short-lived because on 8 June 1940 HMS Glorious and her two escort ships were attacked and sunk by the German battleship Scharnhorst and Gneisenau. Cross was one of only three officers and 41 other ranks rescued out of the three ships' companies. He had spent nearly three days and nights on a float in freezing temperatures before being rescued by a Norwegian fishing boat. He was awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross. After recovering from frostbitten feet he was appointed Officer Commanding No. 252 Wing in the Middle East and then took over No. 258 Wing before reverting to command of No. 252 Wing. In January 1943 he was made Air Officer Commanding No. 212 Group and in February 1943 he took over No. 242 Group receiving promotion to temporary group captain in July 1943. He became Air Commodore, Training at Headquarters Allied Expeditionary Air Force in March 1944 and Director of Overseas Operations (Tactical) in June 1944.
After the war he went to the Air Ministry as Director of Weapons and then as Director of Operations (Air Defence). He went on to be Air Officer Commanding No. 3 Group in 1956, Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief Bomber Command in 1959 and, following his promotion to air marshal in 1961, Air Officer Commanding-in-Chief Transport Command in 1963. He retired in 1967.
Honours and awards
- Knight Commander of the Order of the Bath - 13 June 1959 (CB - 10 June 1954)
- Commander of the Order of the British Empire - 8 June 1944
- Distinguished Service Order - 13 February 1942
- Distinguished Flying Cross - 13 September 1940
- Mentioned in Despatches - 1 January 1942
- Norwegian War Cross with Sword - 6 October 1942
- Officer of the Legion of Merit (United States) - 11 April 1944
- Officer of the Legion of Honour (France) - 1944
- Croix de Guerre (France) - 1944
- Commander (with Swords) of the Order of Orange-Nassau (Netherlands) - 18 Nov 1947
- "Air Chief Marshal Sir Kenneth Cross—Pilot who landed Hurricanes on an aircraft carrier and was an influential figure in the RAF", The Times, 23 June 2003. Retrieved on 2 March 2010.
- Air of Authority - A History of RAF Organisation - Air Chief Marshal Sir Kenneth Cross
- The London Gazette: . 2 October 1942. Retrieved 25 November 2008.
- The London Gazette: . 14 July 1943. Retrieved 2 January 2011.
- The London Gazette: . 30 June 1961. Retrieved 2 January 2011.
- Cross, Sir Kenneth. Straight and Level, Grubb Street, 1993, ISBN 978-0-948817-72-4
- "Obituaries — Air Chief Marshal Sir Kenneth Cross". The Daily Telegraph. 19 June 2003.
- Imperial War Museum Interview
Sir Harry Broadhurst
|Commander-in-Chief Bomber Command
Sir John Grandy
Sir Edmund Hudleston
|Commander-in-Chief Transport Command
Sir Thomas Prickett