Kenneth Frampton at GSAPP (2014)
Kenneth Brian Frampton
20 November 1930
|Modern Architecture: A Critical History|
Kenneth Brian Frampton (born 20 November 1930) is a British architect, critic and historian. He is the Ware Professor of Architecture at the Graduate School of Architecture, Planning, and Preservation at Columbia University, New York. He has been a permanent resident of the United States since the mid-1980s. Frampton is regarded as one of the world's leading historians of modernist architecture.
Frampton studied architecture at Guildford School of Art and the Architectural Association School of Architecture, London. Subsequently, he worked in Israel, with Middlesex County Council and Douglas Stephen and Partners (1961–66) in London, during which time he was also a visiting tutor at the Royal College of Art (1961–64), tutor at the Architectural Association (1961–63) and Technical Editor of the journal Architectural Design (AD) (1962–65). While working for Douglas Stephen and Partners he designed in 1960-62 the Corringham Building, an 8-story block of flats in Bayswater, London, the architecture of which is distinctively modernist; in 1998 it became protected as a listed building.
Frampton has also taught at Princeton University School of Architecture (1966–71) and the Bartlett School of Architecture, London, (1980). He has been a member of the faculty at Columbia University since 1972, and that same year he became a fellow of the Institute for Architecture and Urban Studies in New York (whose members also included Peter Eisenman, Manfredo Tafuri and Rem Koolhaas) and a co-founding editor of its magazine Oppositions.
In 2017 the Canadian Centre for Architecture, which holds Frampton's archive, held an exhibition titled Educating Architects: Four Courses by Kenneth Frampton that examined aspects of his teaching at Columbia University, that informed his key publications.
Writings on architecture
Frampton is especially well known for his writing on twentieth-century architecture, and for his central role in the development of architectural phenomenology. His books include Modern Architecture: A Critical History (1980; revised 1985, 1992, 2007 and 2020) and Studies in Tectonic Culture (1995). Frampton achieved great prominence (and influence) in architectural education with his essay "Towards a Critical Regionalism" (1983) — though the term had already been coined by Alexander Tzonis and Liane Lefaivre. In this paper, he mounts a criticism toward globalisation, mass consumer culture and the impact that this has had on architecture. For Frampton, this represents a particularly salient issue within the modern movement, as it has pushed architecture toward mediocrity, sameness and limited urban form which lacks any kind of cultural celebration or diversity. To remedy this, Frampton argues that the adoption of a more critical regionalist approach is required in architecture, one that takes into account specific considerations to place, topography, climate, and culture.
Frampton's essay was included in the book The Anti-Aesthetic. Essays on Postmodern Culture, edited by Hal Foster, though Frampton is critical of postmodernism. Frampton's own position attempts to defend a version of modernism that looks to either critical regionalism or a 'momentary' understanding of the autonomy of architectural practice in terms of its own concerns with form and tectonics which cannot be reduced to economics (whilst conversely retaining a Leftist viewpoint regarding the social responsibility of architecture). He summed up his critical stance towards postmodernist architecture and its advocates' belief in the primacy of architecture as a language as follows:
It seems to me that we cannot escape from two aspects of architecture which I tried to identify ... as ontological tectonic and representational tectonic. Representation certainly cannot be removed from architecture any more that it can be removed from other discourses. ... In my opinion, it is of the utmost importance that the ontological and representational aspects of architecture be maintained as a dialogical interaction. I think that the attempt to isolate atomized elements such as morphemes is, in the end, a kind of reductive pseudo-scientific project, which just leaves you with the banality of pieces such as 'a door is a sign of a door' rather than with any notion as to the socio-cultural, complex desire of the species-being to realise itself, collectively.
In 2002 a collection of Frampton's writings over a period of 35 years was collated and published under the title Labour, Work, and Architecture. In addition to his own scholarly research and criticism, Frampton has frequently furthered the intellectual reach of his work through writing introductions, prefaces and forewords for other authors and publications on allied themes.
Select list of Frampton's writings
- "Towards a Critical Regionalism: Six Points for an Architecture of Resistance", in The Anti-Aesthetic: Essays on Postmodern Culture. edited by Hal Foster, Bay Press, Port Townsen (1983).
- Studies in Tectonic Culture: The Poetics of Construction in Nineteenth and Twentieth Century Architecture. MIT Press, Cambridge, Mass., 1995.
- Álvaro Siza. Complete Works, Phaidon, London, 2000, ISBN 978-0714840048
- Le Corbusier (World of Art). Thames & Hudson, London, 2001.
- Labour, Work and Architecture. Phaidon Press, London, 2002.
- "Ando at the Millennium", in Tadao Ando: Light and Water. Book Design by Massimo Vignelli. The Monacelli Press, New York, 2003.
- The Evolution of 20th-Century Architecture: A Synoptic Account. Springer, New York, 2006.
- FRAMPTON K., STRAUVEN F., GÜBLER J. & VERPOEST L., Georges Baines, Ludion, Gent, 2006.
- Modern Architecture: A Critical History (World of Art), Thames & Hudson, London, Fourth Edition (2007).
- American Masterworks: Houses of the Twentieth & Twenty-First Centuries, edited by David Larkin. Rizzoli, New York (2008).
- Five North American Architects: An Anthology by Kenneth Frampton, Lars Muller, Zurich, (2012).
- Genealogy of Modern Architecture: A Comparative Critical Analysis of Built Form, Lars Muller, Zurich, (2014).
- L'altro Movimento Moderno. Edited by Ludovica Molo. Mendrisio Academy Press-Silvana Editoriale, Mendrisio-Milan 2015.
Writings on Kenneth Frampton
- D. Sherer, "Architecture in the Labyrinth. Theory and Criticism in the United States: Oppositions, Assemblage, ANY (1973-1999)," Zodiac 20 (1999), 36–63.
- Jorge Otero-Pailos, "Architecture's Historical Turn: Phenomenology and the Rise of the Postmodern." University of Minnesota Press, Minneapolis, (2010), 183–250.
- Tom Avermaete, Veronique Patteeuw, Hans Teerds, Lea-Catherine Szacka (eds), Oase #103: Critical Regionalism Revisited, (2019), ISBN 9789462084865.
- 2018 Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement, Venice Biennale of Architecture 
- 2014 Lisbon Triennale Millenium BCP Lifetime Achievement Award 
- 2012 Schelling Architecture Theory Prize 
- 2005 Architectural League of New York President's Medal 
- Welcome to Corringham
- "Educating Architects: Four Courses by Kenneth Frampton [Press Release]". Canadian Centre for Architecture. Retrieved 6 June 2019.
- Otero-Pailos, Jorge (2010). Architecture's Historical Turn: Phenomenology and the Rise of the Postmodern. University of Minnesota Press. pp. 183–249. ISBN 9780816666041. Ch. 5: Surplus Experience: Kenneth Frampton and the Subterfuges of Bourgeois Taste
- Kenneth Frampton interview, Datutop 18, 1996.
- Leach, Andrew; Sully, Nicole (2019). "Frampton's Forewords, etc.: An Introduction'". Oase: Journal for Architecture (103: Critical Regionalism Revisited): 105–113.
- "Kenneth Frampton Golden Lion for Lifetime Achievement". La Biennale di Venezia. 18 April 2018. Retrieved 19 April 2018.
- "Kenneth Frampton wins Lifetime Achievement Award at Lisbon Triennale". ArchDaily. 18 December 2013. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
- "Erich Schelling Architecture Award". Architecture Scope. 5 March 2014. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
- "The Architectural League of New York | President's Medal Awarded to Kenneth Frampton". archleague.org. Retrieved 18 December 2017.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Kenneth Frampton.|
- Images of Kenneth Frampton for Mark Magazine. Photographed by Jeff Barnett-Winsby in 2007
- Corringham Extensive detail about Frampton's design in Bayswater, London
- Frampton in conversation with Carlos Brillembourg Brooklyn Rail: Arts
- Finding aid for the Kenneth Frampton fonds, Canadian Centre for Architecture (digitized items)
- A Conversation with Kenneth Frampton: Can There Be a Global Architectural History Today?, Canadian Centre for Architecture