Kenneth H. Dahlberg

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Kenneth H. Dahlberg
Born Kenneth Harry Dahlberg
(1917-06-30)June 30, 1917
Saint Paul, Minnesota, U.S.
Died October 4, 2011(2011-10-04) (aged 94)
Deephaven, Minnesota, U.S.
Burial place Arlington National Cemetery
Occupation Businessman
Political party Republican
Spouse(s)
Betty Jayne Segerstrom (m. 1947)
Children 3
Military career
Allegiance United States
Service/branch United States Army Air Forces
Minnesota Air National Guard
Years of service 1941–1951
Rank Major
Unit 354th Fighter Group
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Distinguished Service Cross
Silver Star
Distinguished Flying Cross (2)
Purple Heart (2)
Air Medal (16)

Kenneth Harry Dahlberg (June 30, 1917 – October 4, 2011) was an American businessman and highly decorated World War II fighter ace.[1][2] According to reporter Bob Woodward, a check made out to Dahlberg was a key part in connecting the Watergate scandal to President Richard Nixon's re-election campaign, though Dahlberg himself was not accused of any wrongdoing.

Early life[edit]

Born in Saint Paul, Minnesota, Dahlberg grew up on a farm near the village of Wilson, Wisconsin and attended classes in a one-room school for 11 years.[3] During his senior year, he moved back to Saint Paul to live with an aunt in order to graduate from an accredited high school (Harding High School). After graduation in 1935, he worked in the hotel business, starting as a dishwasher and working his way up to food and beverage manager for a hotel chain.[4]

World War II[edit]

Dahlberg was drafted into the army in 1941. He eventually became an aviation cadet in the United States Army Air Forces (USAAF), where one of his instructors was future Senator Barry Goldwater.[5]

After training, Dahlberg flew the P-47 Thunderbolt and P-51 Mustang with the USAAF 353rd Fighter Squadron, 354th Fighter Group Ninth Air Force in Europe. A fighter ace, he was credited with 14 aerial victories.[6]

He was shot down three times. The first time, he bailed out near Paris and was sheltered by the French Resistance.[2] Disguised as a woman,[1] he rode a bicycle to Allied lines 40 miles (64 km) away.[2]

He received numerous awards and decorations, including the Distinguished Service Cross for leading a flight of 16 P-47 Thunderbolts (354th) against an attack of 70 German Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighters on December 19, 1944, during the Battle of the Bulge. Dahlberg accounted for four enemy planes that day, but was himself shot down. He was rescued by Martin Dardis and four other American soldiers.[7] Many years after the war, both Dardis and Dahlberg became key figures in the Watergate scandal.[7]

On February 14, 1945, Dahlberg was downed for the third and final time, near Bitburg, and became a prisoner of war for the final three months of the war.[6]

Continuing his military service after the war, Dahlberg served with the Minnesota Air National Guard until 1951.

Business career[edit]

Dahlberg went to work for Telex, a company that made hearing aids.[4] In 1948, he founded Dahlberg Electronics, a subsidiary of which is the Miracle-Ear hearing aids manufacturer. By 1959, Miracle-Ear had evolved into a subsidiary of Dahlberg, Inc., with $100 million in annual revenue. A national advertising campaign that Dahlberg, Inc. ran from 1988 until mid-1993 was subject to charges of false advertising by the Federal Trade Commission, which were settled in 1995 when the company agreed to pay a $2.75 million civil penalty.[8] In the summer of 1993,[8] Dahlberg sold his company to Bausch & Lomb for $139 million.[4]

In 1995, Dahlberg started the venture capital firm Carefree Capital, whose investments include the Buffalo Wild Wings restaurant chain.[4] As of 2010, Dahlberg lived in Carefree, Arizona, and still piloted a Cessna Citation jet.[6]

Watergate[edit]

During the Watergate investigation by Washington Post reporters Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein, chronicled in All the President's Men, Bernstein traveled to Miami to see Martin Dardis, the head investigator for Dade County District Attorney Richard E. Gerstein. Since most of the Watergate burglars were from Miami, the district attorney's office had launched an investigation. Dardis showed Bernstein a photostatic copy of a cashier's check for $25,000 that had been deposited into the bank account of a real estate firm owned by Bernard Barker, one of the Watergate burglars. The check was drawn on a Boca Raton, Florida, bank and was made out to Kenneth H. Dahlberg. Bernstein telephoned this information to Woodward who was back at the Washington Post in Washington, D.C.

Woodward got Dahlberg's telephone number from information and called him[9] at home. At first, Dahlberg did not believe Woodward was actually a reporter. He later called Woodward back and explained that his neighbor, Virginia Piper, had been recently kidnapped,[10] and it was an upsetting experience. Dahlberg told Woodward he had the check made out to himself while he was in Florida on business and did not want to carry that much cash around. Dahlberg could not explain how the check got into Barker's bank account, but said it was given to either the Committee for the Re-Election of the President or Maurice Stans.

Dahlberg was the Midwest finance chairman for the Committee to Re-elect the President during President Richard M. Nixon's 1972 campaign. In 1968, he was the finance chairman for Clark MacGregor's unsuccessful Senate campaign in Minnesota. MacGregor was later appointed the head of the Committee to Re-elect the President in 1972, after former attorney general John Mitchell had resigned.

It was later learned that the $25,000 came from Dwayne Andreas, chief executive officer of Archer Daniels Midland, as an anonymous donation to the Nixon campaign. Woodward has said that finding Dahlberg's check was a turning point in their investigation because it led to the discovery of how the Watergate burglars were financed through a money laundering scheme.[2]

Dahlberg was never charged with any wrongdoing in the Watergate scandal.[6]

Death[edit]

Dahlberg died on October 4, 2011, at his Deephaven, Minnesota home.[11] He was survived by his wife of 64 years, Betty Jayne (née Segerstrom), two daughters, and a son.[12]

Honors[edit]

In 1967, Dahlberg was notified by the Department of Defense that he had earned the Distinguished Service Cross in 1945, but it was not presented to him at that time because he was a prisoner of war. Dahlberg also earned the Silver Star, two Distinguished Flying Crosses, two Purple Hearts, 16 Air Medals, and the French Croix de Guerre.[13]

In 1970, President Richard Nixon appointed Dahlberg to the board of visitors of the U.S. Air Force Academy. He also served as a trustee of Hamline University.

In 1996, Dahlberg was inducted into the Scandinavian-American Hall of Fame at the Norsk Høstfest in Minot, North Dakota.[14] He was inducted into the Minnesota Aviation Hall of Fame in 1997.[15]

In July 2007, he was featured in the aviation series Dogfights on The History Channel, in the final segment of the episode on the P-47 Thunderbolt. In 2009, Dahlberg was inducted into the Arizona Aviation Hall of Fame.[16]

In 2012, the Kenneth H. Dahlberg Memorial to Service was built and constructed at Hamline University, where Dahlberg served as a life trustee and played an integral part in its construction.

Military awards[edit]

Distinguished Service Cross
Silver Star
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Distinguished Flying Cross with bronze oak leaf cluster
Bronze oak leaf cluster
Purple Heart with bronze oak leaf cluster
Silver oak leaf cluster
Silver oak leaf cluster
Silver oak leaf cluster
Air Medal with three silver oak leaf clusters
Presidential Unit Citation
Prisoner of War Medal
American Defense Service Medal
American Campaign Medal
Bronze star
Bronze star
Bronze star
European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with three campaign stars
World War II Victory Medal
Air Force Longevity Service Award

Croix de guerre 1939-1945 with palm (France) - ribbon bar.png  Croix de Guerre with Palm (France)

Distinguished Service Cross citation[edit]

Dahlberg, Kenneth
Captain, U.S Army Air Corps
353rd Fighter Squadron, 354th Fighter Group, 9th Air Force
Date of Action: December 19, 1944
Headquarters, U.S. Strategic Forces in Europe: General Orders No. 55 (1945)
Citation:

The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Captain (Air Corps) Kenneth H. Dahlberg, United States Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-47 Fighter Airplane in the 353d Fighter Squadron, 354th Fighter Group, NINTH Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 19 December 1944, over Germany. On that date, Captain Dahlberg was serving as flight commander during an armed reconnaissance mission near Trier, Germany, when a formation of more than ninety enemy fighters was observed. Despite the enemy's vast numerical superiority, Captain Dahlberg led his eight-ship flight in a direct attack upon the hostile force. Although his wingman was forced to break combat, Captain Dahlberg relentlessly attacked the enemy, destroying four of their aircraft and damaging another. The extraordinary heroism and determination of this officer to destroy the enemy are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 9th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.[17]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Miller, Stephen (October 10, 2011). "Miracle Ear Founder and Unwitting Watergate Figure". Wall Street Journal.
  2. ^ a b c d "Kenneth Dahlberg". The Daily Telegraph. December 27, 2011.
  3. ^ Wilson's Ken Dahlberg park to be dedicated
  4. ^ a b c d Stavig, Vicki (July 1, 2003). "Kenneth Dahlberg – Still Airborne". Twin Cities Business – 2003 Minnesota Business Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on October 16, 2008. Retrieved March 29, 2010.
  5. ^ The Minnesota American Legion and Auxiliary Archived 2007-08-14 at the Wayback Machine.
  6. ^ a b c d Robbins, Seth (March 27, 2010). "Plane's remnants unearthed, and a pilot's tale emerges". Stars and Stripes (Online ed.).
  7. ^ a b Sullivan, Patricia (May 19, 2006). "Martin F. Dardis, 83; Investigator Linked Watergate Crime to Nixon". Washington Post.
  8. ^ a b "FTC Garners $2.75 Million Civil Penalty In Settlement Of False Advertising Charges Against Maker Of "Miracle-Ear" Hearing Aids". U.S. Federal Trade Commission. 1995-11-21. Archived from the original on 2011-06-06. Retrieved 2010-03-29.
  9. ^ Harry Ransom Center at the University of Texas
  10. ^ Minnesota Historical Society
  11. ^ Shapiro, T. Rees (October 7, 2011). "Ken Dahlberg, Miracle Ear founder and unwitting Watergate figure, dies at 94". Washington Post.
  12. ^ Douglas Martin (October 8, 2011). "Kenneth H. Dahlberg, Link in the Watergate Chain, Dies at 94". The New York Times.
  13. ^ "Valor Awards for Kenneth H. Dahlberg". Military Times. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved August 16, 2013.
  14. ^ "Kenneth Dahlberg". Scandinavian-American Hall of Fame.
  15. ^ "Kenneth H. Dahlberg". Minnesota Aviation Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on May 3, 2010.
  16. ^ Super Sabre Society Archived 2011-12-08 at the Wayback Machine.
  17. ^ "Kenneth Harry Dahlberg". valor.militarytimes.com.

External links[edit]