Kenneth H. Dahlberg
|Kenneth Harry Dahlberg|
|Born||June 30, 1917
Saint Paul, Minnesota
|Died||October 4, 2011 (aged 94)
|Buried at||Arlington National Cemetery|
|Allegiance||United States of America|
|Service/branch||United States Air Force|
|Years of service||1941–1951|
|Unit||354th Fighter Group|
|Battles/wars||World War II|
|Awards||Distinguished Service Cross
Distinguished Flying Cross (2)
Air Medal (18)
Purple Heart (2)
Kenneth Harry Dahlberg (June 30, 1917 – October 4, 2011) was an American businessman and highly decorated World War II fighter ace. According to reporter Bob Woodward, a check made out to Dahlberg was a key part in connecting the Watergate scandal to President Richard Nixon's re-election campaign, though Dahlberg himself was not accused of any wrongdoing.
Born in Saint Paul, Minnesota, Dahlberg grew up on a farm near the village of Wilson, Wisconsin, in St. Croix County, Wisconsin, and attended classes in a one-room school for 11 years. During his senior year, he moved back to Saint Paul to live with an aunt in order to graduate from an accredited high school (Harding High School). After graduation in 1935, he worked in the hotel business, starting as a dishwasher and working his way up to food and beverage manager for a hotel chain.
World War II
After training, Dahlberg flew the P-47 Thunderbolt and P-51 Mustang with the USAAF 353rd Fighter Squadron, 354th Fighter Group Ninth Air Force in Europe. A fighter ace, Dahlberg was credited with 15 aerial victories.
He was shot down three times. The first time, he bailed out near Paris, and was sheltered by the French Resistance. Disguised as a woman, he rode a bicycle to Allied lines 40 miles (64 km) away.
He received numerous awards and decorations, including the Distinguished Service Cross for leading a flight of 16 P-47 Thunderbolts (354th) against an attack of 70 German Messerschmitt Bf 109 fighters on December 19, 1944, during the Battle of the Bulge. Dahlberg accounted for four enemy planes that day, but was himself shot down. He was rescued by Martin Dardis and four other American soldiers. Many years after the war, both Dardis and Dahlberg would become key figures in the Watergate scandal.
Continuing his military service after the war, Dahlberg served with the Minnesota Air National Guard until 1951.
Fully expecting to return to the hotel business after the war, Dahlberg wound up working for Telex, a company that made hearing aids. In 1948, Dahlberg founded Dahlberg Electronics, a subsidiary of which is the Miracle-Ear hearing aids manufacturer. His company is credited with the first use of the newly invented transistor in a consumer product. By 1959, Miracle-Ear had evolved into a subsidiary of Dahlberg, Inc., with USD 100 million in annual revenues. A national advertising campaign that Dahlberg, Inc. ran from 1988 until mid-1993 was subject to charges of false advertising by the Federal Trade Commission, which were settled in 1995 when the company agreed to pay a $2.75 million civil penalty. In the summer of 1993 Dahlberg sold his company to Bausch & Lomb for $139 million.
In 1995, Dahlberg started the venture capital firm Carefree Capital, whose investments include the Buffalo Wild Wings restaurant chain. As of 2010, Dahlberg lived in Carefree, Arizona, and still piloted a Cessna Citation jet.
During the Watergate investigation by Washington Post reporters Bob Woodward and Carl Bernstein, chronicled in All the President's Men, Bernstein traveled to Miami to see Martin Dardis, the head investigator for Dade County District Attorney Richard E. Gerstein. Since most of the Watergate burglars were from Miami, the district attorney's office had launched an investigation. Dardis showed Bernstein a photostatic copy of a cashier's check for $25,000 that had been deposited into the bank account of a real estate firm owned by Bernard Barker, one of the Watergate burglars. The check was drawn on a Boca Raton, Florida, bank and was made out to Kenneth H. Dahlberg. Bernstein telephoned this information to Woodward who was back at the Post in Washington, D.C.
Woodward located Dahlberg's telephone number from information and called him at home. At first, Dahlberg did not believe Woodward was actually a reporter. He later called Woodward back and explained that his neighbor, Virginia Piper, had been recently kidnapped and it was an upsetting experience. Dahlberg told Woodward he had the check made out to himself while he was in Florida on business and did not want to carry that much cash around. Dahlberg could not explain how the check got into Barker's bank account, but said it was either given to the Committee for the Re-Election of the President or to Maurice Stans.
Dahlberg was the Midwest finance chairman for the Committee to Re-elect the President during President Richard M. Nixon's 1972 campaign. In 1968, Dahlberg was the finance chairman for Clark MacGregor's unsuccessful Senate campaign in Minnesota. MacGregor was later appointed the head of the Committee to Re-elect the President in 1972, after former attorney general John Mitchell had resigned. It was later learned the $25,000 came from Dwayne Andreas, chief executive officer of Archer Daniels Midland, as an anonymous donation to the Nixon campaign. Woodward later commented that finding Dahlberg's check was a turning point in their investigation because it led to the discovery of how the Watergate burglars were financed through a money-laundering scheme.
Kenneth H. Dahlberg was never charged with any wrongdoing in the Watergate scandal.
In 1967, Dahlberg was notified by the Department of Defense that he had earned the Distinguished Service Cross in 1945, but he had never collected it because he was a prisoner of war at the time. Dahlberg also earned two Purple Hearts, the Silver Star, two Distinguished Flying Crosses, 15 Air Medals and the French Croix de Guerre.
In 1996, Kenneth Dahlberg was inducted into the Scandinavian-American Hall of Fame at the Norsk Høstfest in Minot, North Dakota. He was inducted into the Minnesota Aviation Hall of Fame in 1997.
In July 2007, he was featured in the aviation series Dogfights on The History Channel, in the final segment of the episode on the P-47 Thunderbolt. In 2009, Dahlberg was inducted into the Arizona Aviation Hall of Fame.
In 2012, the Kenneth H. Dahlberg Memorial to Service was built and constructed at Hamline University, where Dahlberg served as a life trustee and played an integral part of its construction, prior to his death.
|Distinguished Service Cross|
|Distinguished Flying Cross with one oak leaf cluster|
|Purple Heart with one oak leaf cluster|
|Air Medal with three silver leaf clusters|
|Presidential Unit Citation|
|Prisoner of War Medal|
|American Defense Service Medal|
|American Campaign Medal|
|European-African-Middle Eastern Campaign Medal with three service stars|
|World War II Victory Medal|
|Air Force Longevity Service Award with one oak leaf cluster|
Croix de Guerre with Palm (France)
Distinguished Service Cross citation
- Dahlberg, Kenneth
- Captain, U.S Army Air Corps
- 353rd Fighter Squadron, 354th Fighter Group, 9th Air Force
- Date of Action: December 19, 1944
- Headquarters, U.S. Strategic Forces in Europe: General Orders No. 55 (1945)
The President of the United States of America, authorized by Act of Congress, July 9, 1918, takes pleasure in presenting the Distinguished Service Cross to Captain (Air Corps) Kenneth H. Dahlberg, United States Army Air Forces, for extraordinary heroism in connection with military operations against an armed enemy while serving as Pilot of a P-51 Fighter Airplane in the 353d Fighter Squadron, 354th Fighter Group, NINTH Air Force, in aerial combat against enemy forces on 19 December 1944, over Germany. On that date, Captain Dahlberg was serving as flight commander during an armed reconnaissance mission near Trier, Germany, when a formation of more than ninety enemy fighters was observed. Despite the enemy's vast numerical superiority, Captain Dahlberg led his eight-ship flight in a direct attack upon the hostile force. Although his wingman was forced to break combat, Captain Dahlberg relentlessly attacked the enemy, destroying four of their aircraft and damaging another. The extraordinary heroism and determination of this officer to destroy the enemy are in keeping with the highest traditions of the military service and reflect great credit upon himself, the 9th Air Force, and the United States Army Air Forces.
- Miller, Stephen (October 10, 2011). "Miracle Ear Founder and Unwitting Watergate Figure". Wall Street Journal.
- "Kenneth Dahlberg". The Daily Telegraph. December 27, 2011.
- Wilson's Ken Dahlberg park to be dedicated
- Stavig, Vicki (July 1, 2003). "Kenneth Dahlberg - Still Airborne". Twin Cities Business - 2003 Minnesota Business Hall of Fame. Retrieved March 29, 2010.
- The Minnesota American Legion and Auxiliary
- Seth Robbins: Plane’s remnants unearthed, and a pilot’s tale emerges , Stars and Stripes Online Edition, March 27, 2010
- Sullivan, Patricia (May 19, 2006). "Martin F. Dardis, 83; Investigator Linked Watergate Crime to Nixon". Washington Post.
- "FTC Garners $2.75 Million Civil Penalty In Settlement Of False Advertising Charges Against Maker Of "Miracle-Ear" Hearing Aids". U.S. Federal Trade Commission. 1995-11-21. Retrieved 2010-03-29.
- Harry Ransom Center at the University of Texas
- Minnesota Historical Society
- Shapiro, T. Rees (October 7, 2011). "Ken Dahlberg, Miracle Ear founder and unwitting Watergate figure, dies at 94". Washington Post.
- Douglas Martin (October 8, 2011). "Kenneth H. Dahlberg, Link in the Watergate Chain, Dies at 94". The New York Times.
- "Valor Awards for Kenneth H. Dahlberg". Military Times. Retrieved August 16, 2013.
- "Kenneth Dahlberg". Scandinavian-American Hall of Fame.
- "Kenneth H. Dahlberg". Minnesota Aviation Hall of Fame. Archived from the original on May 3, 2010.
- Super Sabre Society
- Minnesota American Legion - article on Ken Dahlberg
- Minnesota Aviation Hall of Fame - Kenneth H. Dahlberg
- Photo of Dahlberg standing next to P-51 Mustang 'Little Horse'