Kenneth Leith Halliwell|
23 June 1926
Bebington, Wirral, Cheshire, England
9 August 1967 (aged 41)|
Islington, London, England
|Occupation||Actor, writer, collagist|
|Partner(s)||Joe Orton (1933–1967)|
Halliwell was a classics scholar at Wirral Grammar School, where he gained his Higher School Certificate in 1943. Eligible for military service in 1944, he registered as a conscientious objector, and was exempted conditional upon becoming a coal miner. After discharge in 1946, he acted for a time in Scotland and then returned home to act in Birkenhead. His father committed suicide in 1949 by putting his head in a gas oven; Halliwell was the first to find the body the following morning. Afterward, Halliwell moved to London to study drama at the Royal Academy of Dramatic Art (RADA), having inherited the family fortune.
Relationship with Orton
In 1951, he met Joe Orton, a fellow RADA student. Both men were struggling actors who became struggling writers. However, their common interests led to a lengthy romantic relationship. Halliwell, in the early years, seems to have been something of a mentor to Orton, who had had a rather cursory education, and helped to mould the writing style that would later be called "Ortonesque". The two men collaborated on several novels, including The Boy Hairdresser, which were not published until after their deaths.
From January 1959, Orton and Halliwell were involved in the theft and defacement of public library books. Halliwell became an illicit collage artist, while Orton wrote the fake blurbs for the flyleaf of the dust jackets. After their trial in 1962 the two men were given custodial sentences, Halliwell was sent to HM Prison Ford in Sussex for six months; Orton went to Eastchurch in Kent.
Orton's eventual success as a writer, which began not long after their release from prison, put a distance between the two men that Halliwell found difficult to handle. Towards the end of his life, Halliwell was on regular courses of anti-depressants.
On 9 August 1967 Halliwell fatally injured Orton with nine hammer blows to the head and then overdosed on pentobarbital (Nembutal) sleeping pills. Halliwell died first. Their bodies were discovered late the following morning, when a chauffeur arrived at the door of their Noel Road flat in Islington to collect Orton for a meeting with director Richard Lester to discuss filming options on Up Against It, an unproduced script by Orton, written in 1967 for The Beatles.
Halliwell's suicide note referred to the contents of Orton's diary as an explanation for his actions:
If you read his diary, all will be explained. KH PS: Especially the latter part.
In popular culture
British experimental music group Coil recorded three tracks titled "The Halliwell Hammers" for their 1995 album Worship The Glitch. The two primary members of Coil, John Balance and Peter Christopherson, were romantic partners through most of the band's existence, and much of their work was inspired by or dedicated to gay icons and personalities of the past.
The stage version of Prick Up Your Ears, written by Simon Bent, opened on the West End in London at the Royal Theatre on 17 September 2009. Matt Lucas played Halliwell and Chris New played Orton. Con O'Neill took over the role of Halliwell after Lucas pulled out. The play closed early, on 15 November 2009.
In 2014 a collage by Halliwell was purchased by Islington Museum at auction for £2,800. In 2016 the same museum purchased at auction The Cat Screen, a four-panel described as “an important part of 1960s cultural history as well as an engaging piece of art work”, for £8,000.
- The Protagonist (circa 1949), unproduced and unpublished play about Edmund Kean.
- The Silver Bucket (1953), The Mechanical Womb (1955), The Last Days of Sodom (1955), novels co-written with Orton, all unpublished and now lost.
- Priapus in the Shrubbery (1959), solo novel, unpublished and now lost.
- Lord Cucumber and The Boy Hairdresser, novels co-written with Orton, published in 2001.
- Lennon, Troy (August 7, 2017). "UK playwright Joe Orton was on the cusp of fame when he was bludgeoned to death by his jealous lover Kenneth Halliwell". Daily Telegraph. Oxfordshire, England: Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
- Orton, Joe; Lahr, John (1996). The Orton Diaries. Boston, Massachusetts: Da Capo Press. p. 24. ISBN 0-306-80733-5.
- Lahr, John (1980). Prick Up Your Ears: The Biography of Joe Orton. New York City: Penguin. p. 109. ISBN 0-14-010067-9.
- Morley, Sheridan (2006). Theatre's Strangest Acts: Extraordinary But True Tales from the History of Theatre. Sun Lakes, Arizona: Robson Publishing. p. 133. ISBN 1-86105-674-5.
- Orton, Joe; Lahr, John (1990). The Complete Plays: The Ruffian on the Stair, Entertaining Mr. Sloan, the Good and Faithful Servant, Loot, the Erpingham Camp, Funeral Games, What the Butler Saw. New York City: Grove Press. pp. 13–14. ISBN 0-8021-3215-4.
- Shepard, Simon (1989). Because We're Queers: The Life and Crimes of Kenneth Halliwell and Joe Orton. London, England: Gay Men's Press. p. 88. ISBN 0-85449-090-6.
- Griffin, Gabriele (2002). Who's who in Lesbian and Gay Writing. Abingdon, England: Routledge. p. 149. ISBN 0-415-15984-9.
- Hoare, Philip (30 September 2013). "Kenneth Halliwell: lover, killer… artist?". The Guardian. Oxfordshire, England: Guardian Media Group. Retrieved 30 June 2018.
- Colsell, Ilsa (2013). Malicious Damage: the Defaced Library Books of Kenneth Halliwell and Joe Orton. London, England: Donlon Books. ISBN 978-0957609501.
- Gale, Steven H. (1996). Encyclopedia of British Humorists: Geoffrey Chaucer to John Cleese. Oxfordshire, England: Taylor & Francis. p. 803. ISBN 0-8240-5990-5.
- Orton, Joe; Lahr, John (1996). The Orton Diaries. Da Capo Press. p. 266. ISBN 0-306-80733-5.
- Coppa, Francesca (2002). Joe Orton: A Casebook. Abingdon, England: Routledge. p. 2. ISBN 0-8153-3627-6.
- "Lucas West End play closes early". BBC News. London, England: BBC. 4 November 2009. Retrieved 30 June 2018.
- Moore, Chelsea (15 February 2014). "Collage by Joe Orton's killer Kenneth Halliwell goes on display in Islington". Islington Gazette. London, England: Archant Limited. Retrieved 16 October 2017.
- Chesters, Laura (23 September 2016). "Islington Museum buys collage by Joe Orton's lover at auction". Antiques Trade Gazette. London, England: Auction Technology Group. Retrieved 16 October 2017.