Kenneth Muir (VC)
6 March 1912|
Chester, Cheshire, England
23 September 1950 (aged 38)|
Hill 282, near Songju, Korea
|Buried||United Nations Memorial Cemetery, Busan|
|Years of service||1932–1950|
|Unit||Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders|
Second World War
Mentioned in Despatches
Distinguished Service Cross (United States)
Kenneth Muir VC (6 March 1912 – 23 September 1950) was a British Army officer and a recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.
Muir was 38 years old, and a major in the 1st battalion, The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's) during the Korean War when the following deed took place during the Battle of Hill 282 for which he was awarded the VC.
On 23 September 1950 near Songju, Korea, there was difficulty in evacuating the wounded after a position had been captured, until Major Muir arrived with a stretcher party. When the enemy started to launch a series of attacks on the positions, the major took over command and after a direct hit from a fire bomb, causing further casualties, he led a counter-attack and the crest of the position was regained. He was determined to hold it until all the wounded had been evacuated and moved about his small force shouting encouragement and firing a 2-in. mortar himself until he was mortally wounded.
His Victoria Cross is displayed at the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders Museum, Stirling Castle, Scotland.
Initially buried in the Taegu Military Cemetery, his remains were exhumed and transferred to the United Nations Memorial Cemetery, Busan, Korea, on 14 May 1951. His name is also recorded on his father's headstone at St. Peter's Churchyard, Frimley, Surrey, England.
Muir was awarded the following medals during his service.
|Victoria Cross (VC)||
|India General Service Medal (1909)||
|India General Service Medal (1936)||
|France and Germany Star||
|War Medal 1939–1945||
|United Nations Korea Medal||
|Distinguished Service Cross||