Kenneth Muir (VC)

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Kenneth Muir
Born (1912-03-06)6 March 1912
Chester, Cheshire, England
Died 23 September 1950(1950-09-23) (aged 38)
Hill 282, near Songju, Korea
Buried United Nations Memorial Cemetery, Busan
Allegiance United Kingdom
Service/branch British Army
Years of service 1932–1950
Rank Major
Unit Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders
Battles/wars North-West Frontier
Second World War
Korean War
Awards Victoria Cross
Mentioned in Despatches
Distinguished Service Cross (United States)

Kenneth Muir VC (6 March 1912 – 23 September 1950) was a British Army officer and a recipient of the Victoria Cross, the highest award for gallantry in the face of the enemy that can be awarded to British and Commonwealth forces.

Victoria Cross[edit]

Muir was 38 years old, and a major in the 1st battalion, The Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders (Princess Louise's) during the Korean War when the following deed took place during the Battle of Hill 282 for which he was awarded the VC.

On 23 September 1950 near Songju, Korea, there was difficulty in evacuating the wounded after a position had been captured, until Major Muir arrived with a stretcher party. When the enemy started to launch a series of attacks on the positions, the major took over command and after a direct hit from a fire bomb, causing further casualties, he led a counter-attack and the crest of the position was regained. He was determined to hold it until all the wounded had been evacuated and moved about his small force shouting encouragement and firing a 2-in. mortar himself until he was mortally wounded.[1]

His Victoria Cross is displayed at the Argyll and Sutherland Highlanders Museum, Stirling Castle, Scotland.

Further information[edit]

Initially buried in the Taegu Military Cemetery, his remains were exhumed and transferred to the United Nations Memorial Cemetery, Busan, Korea, on 14 May 1951.[2] His name is also recorded on his father's headstone at St. Peter's Churchyard, Frimley, Surrey, England.

Honours[edit]

Muir was awarded the following medals during his service[3].

Ribbon Description Notes
UK Victoria Cross ribbon bar.svg Victoria Cross (VC)
  • 1950
India General Service Medal 1909 BAR.svg India General Service Medal (1909)
  • With clasp
India General Service Medal 1936 BAR.svg India General Service Medal (1936)
  • With clasp
Ribbon - 1939-45 Star.png 1939-45 Star
Ribbon - Africa Star.png Africa Star
Ribbon - Italy Star.png Italy Star
Ribbon - France and Germany Star.png France and Germany Star
Ribbon - Defence Medal.png Defence Medal
Ribbon - War Medal & MiD.png War Medal 1939–1945
  • With MID Emblem
Korea Medal.svg Korea Medal
United Nations Service Medal Korea ribbon.svg United Nations Korea Medal
Distinguished Service Cross ribbon.svg Distinguished Service Cross
  • US Award

References[edit]

  1. ^ "No. 39115". The London Gazette (Supplement). 5 January 1951. pp. 133–134.
  2. ^ "Major Muir K". UN Memorial Cemetery, Korea.
  3. ^ "Kenneth Muir VC". VC Online. Retrieved 15 September 2017.

External links[edit]