Kenneth Ramchand

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Kenneth Ramchand, Ph.D. (born 1939 in Trinidad), is widely respected as "arguably the most prominent living critic of Caribbean fiction".[1] He has written extensively on many West Indian authors, including V. S. Naipaul, Earl Lovelace and Sam Selvon, as well as editing several significant cultural publications. His seminal text, The West Indian Novel and Its Background (1970), had a transformational effect on the syllabus of the University of the West Indies (UWI) and the internationalization of West Indian literature as an academic discipline.[2]

Ramchand is Professor Emeritus of English at the St. Augustine campus of the University of the West Indies (UWI). Until he resigned in June 2009,[3] he was associate provost at the University of Trinidad and Tobago (UTT). He was for some years an independent Senator in the Senate of Trinidad and Tobago.[4] Ramchand is also an Emeritus Professor at Colgate University in Hamilton, New York.[5][6]


Ramchand holds an MA and PhD from Edinburgh University, where he went as a scholarship student from Trinidad (1959–63).[7][8]

His first book, The West Indian Novel and Its Background was published in 1970, and he has noted: "I wrote it at just the right time. It was influential in the creation and internationalization of an academic discipline called 'West Indian Literature'; it stimulated the development of graduate studies in the Department of English of the University of the West Indies; and it was seminal in the transformation of the syllabus of 'English' at the University of the West Indies."[9] Ramchand was UWI's first Professor of West Indian Literature and he was Head of the Department of Liberal Arts at St. Augustine for several years.[10]

He has also been a Senior Fulbright Scholar affiliated to Yale University and the University of Tulsa at Oklahoma, a Visiting Professor at Indiana University and Colgate University, as well as a Fellow of the John Simon Guggenheim Foundation.

In 2005 he was appointed chairman of the University of Trinidad and Tobago (UTT),[10] a position he held until 2009.[3]


In 1996, Ramchand was awarded a Trinidad & Tobago Chaconia Medal Gold for his work in Literature, Education and Culture.

In 2012, the National Library of Trinidad and Tobago honoured him with a NALIS Lifetime Literary Achievement Award.[2]

At the 2014 NGC Bocas Lit Fest, Ramchand was honoured alongside Professor Gordon Rohlehr with the Henry Swanzy Award for Distinguished Service to Caribbean Letters, which recognises the lifetime achievement of editors, publishers, critics and broadcasters.[11]


  • West Indian Narrative: an Introductory Anthology (editor). London: Nelson, 1966.
  • Act of Possession: the New World of West Indian Writing. Port of Spain: Bank of Trinidad and Tobago, 1991.
  • West Indian Poetry: An Anthology for Schools (editor). London: Longman, 1989.
  • An Introduction to the Study of West Indian Literature. Sunbury-on-Thames: Nelson Caribbean, 1976.
  • The West Indian Novel and its Background. London: Faber, 1970.



  1. ^ Ruel Johnson, "The Arts Journal fills void: Explores contemporary literature, art in Guyana, Caribbean", Guyana Chronicle, 27 June 2004.
  2. ^ a b "Kenneth Ramchand", NALIS.
  3. ^ a b "NAPA tension led to resignation", Newsday March 21, 2010.
  4. ^ "Senator Prof. Kenneth Ramchand", Members of Past Parliaments, Republic of Trinidad and Tobago.
  5. ^ Ronald C. Emrit, "Kenneth Ramchand", from
  6. ^ "Ken Ramchand", Colgate University.
  7. ^ David Clover, "Dispersed or Destroyed: Archives, the West indian Students' Union, and Public Memory", in Sandra Courtman (ed.), Society For Caribbean Studies Annual Conference Papers, Vol. 6, 2005, p. 6.
  8. ^ Takis Kayalis, Anastasia Natsina (eds), Teaching Literature at a Distance: Open, Online and Blended Learning, Continuum, 2010.
  9. ^ Kenneth Ramchand, "'The West Indian Novel and its Background' — Thirty Years Later", ARIEL: A Review of International English Literature, 31:1 & 2, January-April 2000 (352–373), p. 351.
  10. ^ a b "Professor Kenneth Ramchand, Chairman of UTT", University of Trinidad and Tobago (UTT).
  11. ^ Michelle Loubon, "Enjoying every word", Trinidad Express Newspapers, 21 March 2014.