Kensal Green

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Kensal Green
Kensal Green is located in Greater London
Kensal Green
Kensal Green
 Kensal Green shown within Greater London
Population 14,915 (2011) (Kensal Green ward)
OS grid reference TQ235825
London borough
Ceremonial county Greater London
Region London
Country England
Sovereign state United Kingdom
Post town LONDON
Postcode district NW10, W10
Dialling code 020
Police Metropolitan
Fire London
Ambulance London
EU Parliament London
UK Parliament Brent Central
London Assembly
List of places
UK
England
London

Coordinates: 51°31′51″N 0°13′29″W / 51.5308°N 0.2248°W / 51.5308; -0.2248

Kensal Green is located in the southern edge of the London Borough of Brent, the northern edge of the Royal borough of Kensington & Chelsea and sits to the north of Ladbroke Grove.Harlesden is to the west, Willesden to the north, Maida Hill and Queens Park to the east and Notting Hill and Wormwood Scrubs to the south. The areas of College Park, Kensal Town and Kensal Green Cemetery (which form the southern part of Kensal Green) are located in the London boroughs of Hammersmith & Fulham and Kensington & Chelsea, respectively. It has historically been popular with those working in the creative industries and is characterised by independent boutiques and cafes. The area has numerous transport links and is located close to the site of Old Oak Common as well as the Crossrail station being developed between Acton and Paddington.

Location[edit]

Kensal Green is a residential area north of Ladbroke Grove with good transport links to central London, surrounding districts include Willesden Green to the north, Harlesden to the west, Brondesbury and Queens Park to the east and Notting Hill to the south. Kensal Rise, Kensal Town and College Park form the northern, southern and western parts of Kensal Green, respectively.

Residents and businesses[edit]

The area is known for independent boutiques, cafes and bars as well as Gee Barber, an original Sixties gents' barber.[1] It area has seen significant gentrification over recent years and is earning a reputation as a 'celebrity haunt-meets-Nappy Valley'.[2] In 2009, Chamberlayne Road in Kensal Rise was named by Vogue as the hippest street in Europe[3] and the area is now home to a number of noteworthy residents including musicians Paloma Faith and Rita Ora, chef Thomasina Miers,[2] film director, DJ and musician Don Letts, actress Thandie Newton, singer Lily Allen, model-turned-author Sophie Dahl, author Zadie Smith, handbag designer Bill Amberg, David Cameron's ex-strategy guru Steve Hilton, footballer-turned-media personality Ian Wright[4] and Sienna Miller.[5] The area also now boasts Britain's first independent boutique cinema and social enterprise, The Lexi Cinema. It is staffed by local volunteers and all its profits go to an eco-village in South Africa.[4] In 2014, luxury goods maker Mulberry named its handbag Kensal and launched an advertising campaign with Cara Delevingne.[6]

It has traditionally been popular with those working in the media and creative industries. According to local estate agents, those buying up properties in the area include developers, those working in the financial district of the city and others moving from nearby Notting Hill. The area also attracts Americans thanks to the American School in neighbouring St John’s Wood, as well as being popular with the French, partly due to a Lycée Français opening in Brent’s former town hall.[2] Kensal Green is also home to 'Rellick' the vintage clothing store on Golborne Gardens and also has a big Sainbury's supermarket on Canal Way

The best roads are considered to be Ashburnham Road, Burrows Road, Linden Avenue and Langler Road, while the once notorious Trellick tower has grown increasingly popular in recent years,[7]

Open space[edit]

Emslie Horniman's Pleasance park boasts an innovative children’s play area, an all-weather floodlit sports area, changing rooms and several works of contemporary art. The formal Voysey Garden has been completely restored to its original design. There is a kiosk during the summer months. The nearby Queen’s Park has a café, a Victorian bandstand, tennis courts, pitch and putt, pétanque, a children’s playground and paddling pool, and a small zoo.[7]

History[edit]

Grand Union Canal from Scrubs lane

Originally part of one of the ten manors within the district of Willesden, Kensal Green is first mentioned in 1253, translating from old English meaning the King’s Holt (King’s Wood). Its location marked the boundary between Willesden and the then Chelsea & Paddington, on which it remains today. It formed part of one of ten manors, most likely Chamberlayne Wood Manor, named after Canon Richard de Camera (of the Chambers).[8] In the 15th century the then Archbishop of Canterbury Henry Chichele (1414–1443), acquired lands in Willesden and Kingsbury. In 1443 he found All Souls' College, Oxford and endowed it with the same lands in his will. As a resultant, most of Willesden and Kensal Green remained largely agricultural until the mid-1800s, well into the Victorian era. In 1805, the construction of the Grand Junction Canal passed through the district to join the Regent's Canal at Paddington. As the combined Grand Union Canal, this allowed passage of commercial freight traffic from the Midlands to London Docks, and hence onwards to the River Thames. There were two dairy farms in Kensal Green by the early 1800s, which expanded greatly after the 1864 Act of Parliament which made it illegal to keep cattle within the City of London. Although by the late 1800s residential development had greatly reduced the farmland, still in the 1890s many sheep and pigs were raised in the district. One of the farms later became a United Dairies creamery, supplied by milk trains from Mitre Bridge Junction.[9] In the 1840s the area south of the Harrow Road became Kensal New Town, and north of the cemetery was Kensal Green. St.John's Church was built in 1844 followed by a school and more inns. In 1832 Kensal Green Cemetery was incorporated by Act of Parliament and opened January 1833. This led to a revaluation of the surrounding lands, and in 1835 ecclesiastical commissioners were appointed by the Crown, who reported in 1846 that: "the larger portion of the Prebendal Estates possess, in our opinion, a value far beyond their present agricultural value."[8]

St. John the Evangelist

With enough people living locally to create a new parish, in 1844 St. John the Evangelist Church in Kilburn Lane was consecrated. The 1851 census records just over 800 people living in the new parish. In the 1860s, Kensal Green manor house, situated where Wakeman Road joins Harrow Road, was demolished. Rapid increase in residential development followed, firstly with land west of Kilburn High Road, followed by the sale of Banister's Farm leading to the development of Bannister Road and Mortimer Road.Unfortunately at this time Kensal was suffering huge social problems and had a reputation of being a slum, with 55% off it's residents living in poverty and squalor, despite being neighbours to thriving Queen's Park.The rapid residential development led to local commissioners reporting in 1880 that there was inadequate drainage and sewerage facilities, with most houses having only improved access to what were the old agricultural drains. In that same year, All Souls' College started to develop its lands north west of Kilburn Lane, including All Souls' Avenue and College Road, with adjacent roads being named after leading Fellows of the college, and the installation of new sewerage facilities across the district. The college donated lands on which to build Kensal Rise Reading Room, to commemorate the Diamond Jubilee of Queen Victoria, in 1897. Opened by United States author Mark Twain in 1901, it was later extended and renamed Kensal Rise Library.[8]

The developments of the streets around Kensal Rise railway station date from the last ten years of the 19th century and the first decade of the 20th. Although opened in April 1873 as Kensal Green at Chamberlayne Wood, then a remote dead end road; it was renamed Kensal Rise on 24 May 1890. Just north of the station the National Athletic Ground (one of the many early grounds of Queen's Park Rangers) opened in 1890. The ground which was later renamed the Kensal Rise Athletic Stadium also hosted cycling and athletics competitions before being turned over to housing in the 1920s. For a brief period before 1914 the Aeroplane Building and Flying Society had its headquarters at Kensal Rise and flew test gliders from the site. Kensal Rise also boasted the Electric Pavilion Cinema [2] which opened in November 1914 and was located on the corner of Chamberlayne Road and Bannister Road. The site is now fashionable flats.

The area was also in the news for the wrong reasons in 1904 as a result of the notorious Crossman trunk murders. Given the widespread publicity local residents campaigned for the existing name of the road, Ladysmith Road, to be changed to Wrentham Avenue.[3]

The construction of the Great Western Railway started in 1835, with the first 22.5 miles (36.2 km) of line, from Paddington station to Maidenhead Bridge station, opened on 4 June 1838. In 1901, its major carriage washing and servicing facilities and locomotive depot were developed at Old Oak Common, bringing further employment and more immigrants to the district. The first major immigrant population had been Irish people post the Potato famine, and then post World War I. In World War II, due to the railway facilities, the district suffered greatly from German Luftwaffe bombing.[8]

After the war, the area became a refuge for the first Afro-Caribbean born contingent. In the 1960s the College disposed of many freeholds, while retaining land in Willesden. Since the 1980s, the Irish-born community has reduced in size, although the legacy of their presence remains, not least in the number of Irish pubs and organisations and the many thousands with Irish ancestry that continue to populate the area. According to statistics from the 2001 census, the area has a very high proportion of young residents (28.4% 25–44 years old) and a very high educational level (30.7% hold a first degree or better).[10]

From the late 70's until the early 2000's the area had a reputation as being a no-go area.Blighted with guns and drug crime, with Irish criminal families and Jamaican yardie gangs controlling the area, which also brought trouble from rival families and gangsters.During this time the area was considered one of the roughest areas in London. Trellick tower was considered a "monstrosity" with crime rife, including rapes and murders. The Harrow road section of Kensal Green was named locally as "murder mile" while station terrace was considered "the frontline"

The area has seen significant gentrification over recent years as people have been priced out of surrounding areas such as Notting Hill. In 2015 it was described as 'celebrity haunt-meets-Nappy Valley'.[2]

Demography[edit]

The largest ethnic group in Kensal Green ward according to the 2011 census was White British, 26%. The second largest was White Other, 18%, followed by 12% Black Caribbean.[11] Neighbouring Queen's Park ward, which also covers eastern areas of Kensal Green, was 41% White British and 18% White Other.[12]

Transport[edit]

Kensal Green station (TfL Travelcard Zone 2) is on the Bakerloo line is only 20 minutes from Oxford Circus and the West End. National Rail London Overground services also operate to London Euston, a journey that takes around 15 minutes, trains also go to Watford Junction.

London Overground's North London Line services also operates out of Kensal Rise railway station (TfL Travelcard Zone 2) and provides regular services to Richmond in the west Stratford in the east and Clapham Junction in the south.

Extensive bus services also run from the area, including the No. 18 (Sudbury - Euston), No. 6 (Willesden Bus Garage - Aldwych), No. 52 (Willesden Bus Garage - Victoria Station via Notting Hill and Kensington) and No. 452 (Kensal Rise - Wandsworth Road).

There is also a canal running from Kensal Rise to Paddington and to Kings Cross via Camden which features a cycle lane and water bus.

For a time the London Congestion Charge extended into Kensington and Chelsea and reached as far north as Harrow Road, the southern boundary of Kensal Green. Most vehicles travelling south east down Ladbroke Grove or east along Harrow Road and into central London were liable to pay the £8 daily charge between 7.00 and 18.00 Monday to Friday.

Following a public consultation in autumn 2008, the western extension of the congestion charging zone, which had bordered on Kensal Green, was scheduled to be removed. Charging on the western extension effectively ended on 24 December 2010. The effects of this on local trade are yet to be determined.

Schools[edit]

The educational charity Ark, founded by venture capitalist Arpad Busson, runs three state primary schools in the area: Ark Franklin in Harvist Road, which replaced Kensal Rise primary in September 2013; Ark Brunel in Middle Row replaced Middle Row primary. The following state primary schools are judged to be “good”: Princess Frederica CofE in College Road; Kenmont Primary school in Valliere Road.

Three state comprehensive schools are judged to be “good”: Queen’s Park (co-ed, ages 11 to 18) in Aylestone Avenue; Sion-Manning RC (girls, ages 11 to 16) in St Charles Square and Kensington Aldridge Academy (co-ed, ages 11 to 18) in Silchester Road opened in September last year.

There is a small choice of local private schools. The primary schools are: Seacole (co-ed, ages four to 11) in Bosworth Road; The Lloyd Williamson School (co-ed, six weeks to 11) in Telford Road. The private secondary school is Bales College (co-ed, ages 11 to 18) in Kilburn Lane. Many parents use the private schools in nearby Belsize Park and Hampstead.[7]

Crossrail[edit]

At a site just to the east of the Old Oak Common site, Kensington and Chelsea Council have been pushing for a station at Kensal Green Gasworks [13] off Ladbroke Grove & Canal Way, as a turn-back facility will have to be built in the area anyway. Siting it at Kensal Green, rather than next to Paddington itself, would provide a new station to regenerate the area.[14][15][16] Amongst the general public there is a huge amount of support for the project and Mayor Boris Johnson stated that a station would be added if it did not increase Crossrail's overall cost. In response, Kensington and Chelsea Council agreed to underwrite the projected £33 million cost of a Crossrail station, which was received well by the residents of the Borough.[17] TfL is conducting a feasibility study on the station and the project is backed by National Grid, retailers Sainsbury's and Cath Kidston, and Jenny Jones (Green Party member of the London Assembly).[18]

Boris Johnson resurrected plans for a Crossrail station at the disused Kensal Gasworks site, between Acton Mainline and Paddington, in 2016. Plans are now being revisited in the hope a development will lead to the construction of up to 5,000 homes and creation of 2,000 jobs. The Mayor commented "We have seen across London how Crossrail is transforming vast swathes of land and acting as a catalyst for much needed new homes and jobs. By looking again at the options for this station we firmly believe that it could have a similar impact, triggering a much-needed fillip for this part of the capital.”[19]

Old Oak Common[edit]

The nearby area of Old Oak Common is one of the capital’s biggest regeneration opportunities since the Olympics. Bordered by Wormwood Scrubs to the south and Willesden Junction to the north, it is a semi-industrial, semi-derelict site of 155 hectares that straddles three London boroughs. Plans include a superhub for the Crossrail and HS2 projects, with the mayor’s office confirming that two new Overground stations, which will connect the site to Kensal Rise, are also part of the plans. Taken as a whole, the railway hub — which will also potentially link to Great Western services and the Heathrow Express — will be roughly the size of Waterloo, the busiest station in the UK. It will also include 24,000 homes as well as retail property and hotels. It has been described as "a Canary Wharf-type development" by Sir Edward Lister, London’s deputy mayor for policy and planning.[20] The project is expected to have a profound impact on London by creating a major commercial district in the West.

Fork to Fork[edit]

The Fork to Fork festival is a one-day festival held in Kensal Rise featuring top London chefs that raises money for charity. 35 restaurants including some Michelin-star took part in the festival which also included demos and talks by chefs and tastings. It was held at Ark Franklin Primary Academy in Harvist Road and raised £60k for the school’s Open Air Classroom project. It is the brainchild of Kensal Rise residents Thomasina Miers, 40, MasterChef winner and co-founder of Mexican restaurant group Wahaca, and Laura Harper-Hinton, 38, co-founder and creative director of Caravan all-day restaurants and specialty coffee business Caravan Coffee Roasters.[21]

Kensal Green Cemetery[edit]

The Catacombs of Kensal Green Cemetery
Main article: Kensal Green Cemetery

Kensal Green Cemetery is one of the ‘Magnificent Seven’ cemeteries in the borough. It is the resting place of members of the royal family, including HRH Prince George, Duke of Cambridge, and scores of iconic figures in history including celebrated railway engineer Isambard Kingdom Brunel, Charles Babbage, William Makepeace Thackeray, Anthony Trollope and William Cavendish-Scott-Bentinck, 5th Duke of Portland. Architects who are buried at Kensal Green include Decimus Burton and the famous 19th century architectural families of Hardwick and Shaw. Philip Charles Hardwick, Philip Hardwick and John Shaw Junior are buried there, as well as Nobel Prize-winning playwright Harold Pinter.

Cemetery directors and the Friends of Kensal Green Cemetery group have lobbied the Heritage Lottery Fund and English Heritage for funding to help preserve historical monuments at the site. The mammoth project, which involves repairs to the grade one listed Anglican Chapel and the boundary wall, is estimate to cost more than £10m.[22]

Tornado on 7 December 2006[edit]

On 7 December 2006 at 11.00am, a tornado struck Kensal Green.[23] Up to 150 houses were damaged, and six people were injured, one requiring hospital attention. Residential roads were closed off and residents had to seek temporary accommodation. Traffic was also diverted causing disruption. The cost of the damage is estimated to be at least £2,000,000.

See also[edit]

Nearest places:

Nearest stations:

References[edit]

  1. ^ "With green space, an art house cinema and glitzy boutiques, it's no wonder everyone's talking about Kensal Rise | Daily Mail Online". Dailymail.co.uk. 2010-09-04. Retrieved 2015-03-28. 
  2. ^ a b c d Phillips, Caroline (2014-06-04). "Kensal Rise has risen". Evening Standard. Retrieved 2015-04-08.  Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Evening_Standard" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page). Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Evening_Standard" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page). Cite error: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Evening_Standard" defined multiple times with different content (see the help page).
  3. ^ "Chamberlayne Road in London: the hippest street in Europe". Telegraph.co.uk. 2009-08-14. Retrieved 2015-03-28. 
  4. ^ a b "With green space, an art house cinema and glitzy boutiques, it's no wonder everyone's talking about Kensal Rise | Daily Mail Online". Dailymail.co.uk. 2010-09-04. Retrieved 2015-03-28. 
  5. ^ Powley, Tanya (2012-08-24). "Park life". FT.com. Retrieved 2015-03-28. 
  6. ^ . The Daily Telegraph. 15 November 2013 http://fashion.telegraph.co.uk/news-features/TMG10450588/Great-War-Fashion-Ox-bile-split-ends-and-frump-what-Downton-didnt-show-you.html. Retrieved 22 March 2014.  Missing or empty |title= (help)
  7. ^ a b c Masey, Anthea (September 1, 2015). "Living in Kensal Rise: area guide to homes, schools and transport". Evening Standard. Retrieved September 14, 2015. 
  8. ^ a b c d "History". Kensalgreendirectory.com. Retrieved 2012-02-02. 
  9. ^ "Willesden: Economic history | British History Online". British-history.ac.uk. Retrieved 2015-03-28. 
  10. ^ [1] Archived 4 March 2012 at the Wayback Machine.
  11. ^ http://www.ukcensusdata.com/kensal-green-e05000092
  12. ^ http://www.ukcensusdata.com/queens-park-e05000098
  13. ^ "The case for Kensal crossrail". Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. n.d. Retrieved 26 June 2011. 
  14. ^ "Case for a Crossrail station gains momentum" (Press release). Royal Borough of Kensington and Chelsea. 1 July 2010. 
  15. ^ Bloomfield, Ruth (24 August 2010). "Study to explore adding Crossrail station at Kensal Green". Building Design. London. 
  16. ^ "Crossrail at Kensal Rise back on the cards?". London Reconnections (blog). 27 August 2010. 
  17. ^ "Council to pay for Crossrail station". London Evening Standard. 25 March 2011. 
  18. ^ Kensal Crossrail station would 'transform' the area, says deputy mayor. Regeneration + Renewal. 16 May 2011.
  19. ^ http://www.standard.co.uk/news/transport/plan-for-crossrail-station-at-ladbroke-grove-resurrected-a3202516.html
  20. ^ Plans to regenerate London’s Old Oak Common clear hurdle|27 January 2015.
  21. ^ http://www.kilburntimes.co.uk/news/fork_to_fork_food_festival_in_kensal_rise_raises_60k_for_charity_1_4578001
  22. ^ "Royal visits Kensal Green Cemetery to support preservation campaign". Brent and Kilburn Times. 30 October 2014. Retrieved 8 April 2015. 
  23. ^ "Six hurt as tornado hits London". BBC News. 7 December 2006. Retrieved 7 December 2006. 

External links[edit]