|Sovereign state||United Kingdom|
|Fire||Bedfordshire and Luton|
|Ambulance||East of England|
Kensworth is a village and civil parish located in the Central Bedfordshire district of Bedfordshire, England. The parish is located on the edge of Dunstable Downs, and includes the hamlets of California and Kensworth Lynch.
The parish was originally located in Hertfordshire but was transferred to Bedfordshire in 1897. Today the village contains a primary school, a village hall, 2 churches, 2 shops and 1 pub. Kensworth Chalk Pit is a working quarry and is the biggest employer in the parish. The pit is owned and mined by Cemex, but has also been designated a Site of Special Scientific Interest by Natural England.
The Church of St Mary is located in the village. Kensworth Parish Council administers some local services and facilities in the parish, including a village recreation ground and a provision of allotments. The council has 9 members who are elected every 4 years.
The parish of Kensworth was originally part of Hertfordshire. When district councils were created under the Local Government Act 1894, Kensworth was included in the Markyate Rural District, which covered the parts of the Luton Poor Law Union that were within Hertfordshire. The 1894 Act also created elected parish councils, with Kensworth Parish Council taking over the civil functions of the parish vestry on 13 December 1894.
Shortly afterwards, proposals to rationalise the border between Hertfordshire and Bedfordshire were made, which included transferring Kensworth to Bedfordshire. An inquiry was held at Luton in February 1896, when there were objections from Kensworth Parish Council, which wanted to stay in Hertfordshire, and from Hertfordshire County Council, which felt that it was losing too much rateable value in the proposed transfers. Despite their opposition, the scheme went ahead, with the changes taking effect on 30 September 1897, when Kensworth became part of the Luton Rural District in Bedfordshire.
The Luton Rural District was abolished under the Local Government Act 1972, which saw Kensworth becoming part of South Bedfordshire on 1 April 1974. South Bedfordshire District Council and Bedfordshire County Council were both abolished in 2009. The parish of Kensworth has formed part of the unitary authority of Central Bedfordshire since 1 April 2009.
- ONS, Census 2021 Parish Profiles
- "'Guide to Bedfordshire Parishes'". Bedfordshire.gov.uk. Archived from the original on 13 February 2012. Retrieved 6 August 2012.
- "Kensworth Chalk Quarry citation" (PDF). Sites of Special Scientific Interest. Natural England. Archived from the original (PDF) on 24 September 2015. Retrieved 23 August 2015.
- Local Government Act 1894 (56 & 57 Vict. c. 73)
- Kensworth, Bedfordshire Advertiser (Luton), 7 December 1894, page 6, Parish council chosen without a formal poll being required, therefore came into office on 13 December 1894.
- The Beds and Herts Boundary Question, Bedfordshire Advertiser (Luton), 6 March 1896, page 7
- Local and Personal Acts. London: Her Majesty's Stationery Office. 1897. p. 561. Retrieved 26 September 2021.
The Counties of Bedford and Hertford (Caddington, &c.) Order 1897
Media related to Kensworth at Wikimedia Commons