Kent, Washington

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Kent, Washington
City
Kent Station, Kent Regional Library top right, and Kent Sounder Station 2009
Kent Station, Kent Regional Library top right, and Kent Sounder Station 2009
Flag of Kent, Washington
Flag
Location of Kent, Washington in King County
Location of Kent, Washington in King County
Kent, Washington is located in the US
Kent, Washington
Kent, Washington
Location in the United States
Coordinates: 47°22′58″N 122°13′37″W / 47.38278°N 122.22694°W / 47.38278; -122.22694Coordinates: 47°22′58″N 122°13′37″W / 47.38278°N 122.22694°W / 47.38278; -122.22694
Country United States
State Washington
County King
Incorporated May 28, 1890
Government
 • Type Mayor-council government
 • Mayor Dana Ralph (Elected November 2017)
Area[1]
 • Total 34.19 sq mi (88.55 km2)
 • Land 33.63 sq mi (87.1 km2)
 • Water 0.56 sq mi (1.45 km2)
Elevation 43-500 ft (13-152 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 92,411
 • Estimate (2016)[3] 127,514
 • Rank US: 216th
 • Density 3,227.8/sq mi (1,246.3/km2)
Time zone PST (UTC-8)
 • Summer (DST) PDT (UTC-7)
ZIP codes 98030, 98031, 98032, 98035, 98042, 98064, 98089
Area code(s) 253
FIPS code 53-35415
GNIS feature ID 1530952[4]
Website kentwa.gov

Kent is a city located in King County, Washington, United States. It is the sixth largest city in the state. Kent is in the heart of the Seattle–Tacoma metropolitan area, located 19 miles south of Seattle and 19 miles northeast of Tacoma. Incorporated in 1890, it is the second oldest incorporated city in King County, after Seattle.[5] Kent's population as of April 2010 was 92,411 according to the 2010 census. The total grew to an estimated 126,952 as of July 1, 2015,[6] owing primarily to annexation.

History[edit]

The Kent area was first permanently settled by European Americans in the early to mid-1850's along the banks of what was then the White River. The first settler was Samuel Russell, who sailed the White and Duamish rivers until he claimed a plot of land southeast of modern-day downtown Kent in the spring of 1853. Russell was followed by several other settlers who quickly staked claims in the area.[7] The settlements were originally known as "White River" and later the town was called "Titusville" after an early settler by the name of James Henry Titus.[8] (There is still a "Titusville Station" sign on Gowe Street near First Avenue). In 1861 a post office was established under the name White River and was located at the farm of David and Irena Neely who settled in modern-day Kent in 1854. In 1855 their farm was attacked by Native Americans when David Neely served as a lieutenant in the Territorial Army. By 1870 the population was 277 and all of the quality bottom-land had been claimed.[9]

Throughout the 1860s and 70's, grain and forage crops such as wheat, barley, oats, hay, and timothy accounted for much of the annual return of farmers in the valley. During the late 1870s the town discovered hops production as a major source of income.[10] Due to an aphid invasion which affected hops crops in Europe,[11] hops from the Puget Sound area began to command high prices. Hops were shipped from Titusville either by the river or via rail. In 1889 the town was renamed for the County of Kent, the major hops-producing region in England. Hops production in the White River valley came to an end soon after its own invasion of aphids in 1891.[12]

Kent was officially incorporated on May 28, 1890, with a population of 793, the second city incorporated in King County.[13] Seattle was the first.

After the turn of the 20th century the area turned to dairy farming and was home to a Carnation condensed milk plant.[14][15] Flooding from both the Green and the White Rivers was a constant problem. In 1906, flooding changed the course of the White River, which reduced the flood hazard by half. The Green River continued to present problems until the creation of the Howard A. Hanson Dam at Eagle Gorge in 1962.[16][17]

During and after the Great Depression, Kent was known as the "Lettuce Capital of the World."[18] After WWII, Kent began to grow more rapidly. From 1953 to 1960 the city's size grew twelve-fold. In 1965 Boeing began building in Kent, followed a few years later by other aerospace and high-tech companies.[19]

In 1992, the Greater Kent Historical Society was formed to promote the discovery, preservation and dissemination of knowledge about the history of the greater Kent area.[20] In 1996, the City of Kent purchased the historic Bereiter house, the home of one of Kent's early mayors, for use as the Kent Historical Museum. The museum is operated by the Greater Kent Historical Society.[21]

Geography[edit]

Kent is divided into three major regions: East Hill, the Valley, and West Hill. Downtown Kent is located on the east side of the valley; the rest of the valley is almost entirely covered by warehouses. Mt. Rainier is a prominent geographical landmark to the southeast.

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 29.19 square miles (75.60 km2), of which, 28.63 square miles (74.15 km2) is land and 0.56 square miles (1.45 km2) is water.[1] Major waterways include the Green River, which flows north through Kent on its way to Puget Sound. The largest lake is Lake Meridian on the city's East Hill.

Nearby cities include Renton and Tukwila to the north, Covington and Maple Valley to the east, Auburn to the south, and Federal Way, Des Moines and SeaTac to the west.

Transportation[edit]

Kent Station during the night

There are several major freeways and highways in or near Kent, including Interstate 5, State Route 167, State Route 516, and State Route 99, which produce high traffic density during rush hour. Kent is also central to King County Metro transit, with the Kent Station providing service to many destinations, including downtown Seattle by multiple commuter buses, the Sounder Commuter Rail, and local bus service. Heavy rail service includes two major north–south lines through the Kent Valley, with freight traffic operations by the BNSF and Union Pacific railroads.

Parks[edit]

Kent's park system includes 73 parks, miniparks, playfields, skateparks, greenbelts, and other related facilities. These parks range in size from as little as 4,300 square feet (400 m2) to over 310 acres (1.3 km2).[22]

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Kent, Washington
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °F (°C) 64
(18)
71
(22)
81
(27)
86
(30)
92
(33)
100
(38)
103
(39)
99
(37)
96
(36)
86
(30)
74
(23)
69
(21)
103
(39)
Average high °F (°C) 47
(8)
51
(11)
55
(13)
61
(16)
67
(19)
72
(22)
77
(25)
78
(26)
72
(22)
62
(17)
52
(11)
46
(8)
62
(17)
Average low °F (°C) 32
(0)
36
(2)
39
(4)
42
(6)
47
(8)
52
(11)
55
(13)
55
(13)
51
(11)
44
(7)
39
(4)
34
(1)
44
(7)
Record low °F (°C) −10
(−23)
−5
(−21)
10
(−12)
25
(−4)
27
(−3)
33
(1)
38
(3)
34
(1)
28
(−2)
24
(−4)
−1
(−18)
3
(−16)
−10
(−23)
Average precipitation inches (mm) 5.3
(135)
4.5
(114)
4.1
(104)
2.9
(74)
2.1
(53)
1.7
(43)
0.9
(23)
1.2
(30)
1.8
(46)
3.4
(86)
6.1
(155)
5.8
(147)
37.1
(942)
Source: Weather.com[23]

City landmarks[edit]

Kent has designated the following landmarks:[24]

Name Constructed Designated
Emil W. Bereiter House 1907 2008
Mill Creek Canyon Earthworks 1982 2008
Saar Pioneer Cemetery 1873 2010

Government[edit]

The city is governed by a mayor–council government, with a directly elected mayor and a seven-member city council. Each is elected at-large (that is, by the entire voting population, not by districts) to four-year terms. The current Mayor is Dana Ralph and the current city council members are:[citation needed] Council President Bill Boyce, Councilmember Satwinder Kaur, Councilmember Tina Budell, Councilmember Brenda Fincher, Councilmember Dennis Higgins, Councilmember Toni Troutner, and Councilmember Les Thomas.[25]

Kent City Hall (right) and the Centennial Center (left), 2008

The city maintains its own municipal police department.

Public education[edit]

Public primary and secondary education in Kent and a number of neighboring cities and unincorporated areas is governed by the Kent School District. The district includes four high schools, seven middle schools, twenty-eight elementary schools and two academies. Federal Way Public Schools also has several schools within the city limits. Residents of far east Kent are zoned in the Tahoma School district. A branch of Green River Community College opened in Kent Station in 2007.[26] The Kent School District also has an individualized graduation and degree program named iGrad. The program is aimed at dropouts aged 16–21 who are willing to get back to school.[27]

Maleng Regional Justice Center Kent, Washington

Annexation[edit]

In keeping with the King County Annexation Initiative, which seeks to annex large urban unincorporated areas into city limits or incorporate new cities out of those areas,[28] the Panther Lake area (known officially as the Kent Northeast Potential Annexation Area)[29] was proposed for annexation to the city of Kent. The annexation was voted on by residents of the potential annexation area on November 3, 2009; the area was officially annexed July 1, 2010.[30] The city grew in area by approximately 5 square miles (13 km2) and 24,000 residents.[30]

Economy[edit]

In addition to REI, Oberto Sausage Company, and Seattle Bicycle Supply (owner of Redline Bicycles) all being headquartered in Kent, both Amazon and Boeing operate facilities in the city. Kent also hosts many warehouses in its once fertile farmland, due in part to its proximity to key transportation routes. It is also home to the two largest waterjet companies in the United States: Flow International Corporation and Omax Corporation, as well as aerospace manufacturer Blue Origin. The warehouse district has grown rapidly in recent years. Whirlpool Corporation and General Electric Appliances are two companies with regional distribution centers in Kent.

To honor the 100th anniversary of Oberto Sausage Company's presence in the city, Kent named a section of South 238th Street as Oberto Drive in May 2018.[31]

Kent is home to the fourth largest manufacturing and distribution area in the United States.[32]

Boeing[edit]

Boeing Kent Space Center was opened during a public dedication ceremony on October 24, 1964. Keynote speakers at the event were William "Bill" Allen, Chairman and CEO of The Boeing Company; future Washington Governor Dan Evans; and Alex Thorton, Mayor of the City of Kent. The event featured public tours of the labs and facilities that were used to build the lunar rovers used for the Apollo program.[33]

Steel[edit]

Kent is home to a large steel industry dating back to the early 20th century.[34][35] Steel and metal manufacturers include:

  • Salmon Bay Steel Company: Operated in Kent for 50 years before closing down. Birmingham Steel purchased Salmon bay in 1991. Salmon bay went on to buy Bethlehem Steel (Seattle Steel) in West Seattle. Years after the purchase, complaints were made of pollution in the Green River valley about pollution from the Salmon Bay melting facility and the facility was shut down.[36]
  • Puget Sound Steel: Puget Sound Steel is an independently owned and operated-unique specialty fabricator of reinforcing steel and a supplier of related reinforcement products, since 1961. Puget Sound Steel has been the Northwest's select supplier of fabricated rebar, and steel reinforcement to commercial, highway, industrial and residential building contractors. Works include large scale projects including bridges skyscrapers.[37][38]
  • Pacific Metal Company: In 1947, started in Seattle and opened a 19,000 square foot plant. The business and facilities continued to grow for 30 years to meet local needs as well as the emerging markets of Alaska. The "expanded" 40,000 square foot warehouse and sales office was bursting its seams.. In 1979, an 80,000 square foot facility was built south of the city of Seattle in the Kent Valley at Tukwila. In September 2010 PMC moved to a new location just 3 miles SE in the city of Kent, Washington. Pacific Metal Company is a stocking distributor of non-ferrous metals specializing in stainless steel, copper, aluminum, and brass products as well as ferrous products specializing in Cold Rolled, Coated (Zinc and Aluminum) and pre-painted coils and sheets.[39]
  • TMX Aerospace: TMX Aerospace, a division of ThyssenKrupp Steel North America; provides materials including steel, brass, and copper as well as exclusive supply chain management support for the Boeing Commercial Airplanes group.[40][41]

Largest employers[edit]

According to the City's 2012 Economic Development Report,[42] the largest employers in the city are:

# Employer # of Employees
1 Boeing 5,300
2 Boeing Australia 4,487
3 Kent School District 3,700
4 City of Kent 800
5 Mikron Industries 700
6 REI 689
7 Sysco Distribution Center 680
8 King County Regional Justice Center 680
9 Alaska Airlines 630
10 Sysco Seattle Headquarters 600

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1890853
1900755−11.5%
19101,908152.7%
19202,28219.6%
19302,3201.7%
19402,58611.5%
19503,27826.8%
19609,017175.1%
197017,71196.4%
198022,96129.6%
199037,96065.3%
200079,524109.5%
201092,41116.2%
Est. 2016127,514[43]38.0%
source:[44]
U.S. Decennial Census[45]
2015 Estimate[6]

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 92,411 people, 34,044 households, and 21,816 families residing in the city. The population density was 3,227.8 inhabitants per square mile (1,246.3/km2). There were 36,424 housing units at an average density of 1,272.2 per square mile (491.2/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 55.5% White (49.7% Non-Hispanic White), 11.3% African American, 1.0% Native American, 15.2% Asian, 1.9% Pacific Islander, 8.5% from other races, and 6.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 16.6% of the population.

There were 34,044 households of which 37.0% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 43.6% were married couples living together, 14.3% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.1% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.9% were non-families. 28.1% of all households were made up of individuals and 7.5% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.67 and the average family size was 3.31.

The median age in the city was 33 years. 26.2% of residents were under the age of 18; 10.1% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 30.6% were from 25 to 44; 24.3% were from 45 to 64; and 8.8% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 49.9% male and 50.1% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 79,524 people, 31,113 households, and 19,601 families residing in the city. The population density was 2,836.7 people per square mile (1,095.4/km2). There were 32,488 housing units at an average density of 1,158.9 per square mile (447.5/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 70.81% White, 8.23% African American, 0.98% Native American, 9.42% Asian, 0.76% Pacific Islander, 4.7% from other races, and 5.37% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 8.13% of the population.

There were 32,998 households out of which 35.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.1% were married couples living together, 12.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 37.0% were non-families. 28.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 5.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.53 and the average family size was 3.15.

In the city the population was spread out with 27.7% under the age of 18, 10.3% from 18 to 24, 35.0% from 25 to 44, 19.6% from 45 to 64, and 7.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 32 years. For every 100 females, there were 98.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 96.2 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $50,053, and the median income for a family was $61,016. Males had a median income of $43,136 versus $36,995 for females. The per capita income for the city was $21,390. About 8.7% of families and 11.6% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.7% of those under the age of 18 and 9.3% of those 65 and older.

Recreation and entertainment[edit]

In 2003, Kent was named Sports Illustrated's Sportstown of the year for Washington. In January 2006, an entertainment center, known as Kent Station, opened in downtown Kent adjacent to the transit station of the same name.

The 2012 Skate America figure skating competition was held in Kent from October 19 to 21, 2012,[46][47] at ShoWare Center.[48]

In July 2015, Kent hosted the inaugural Junior Roller Derby World Cup.[49]

Riverbend Golf Complex, featuring an 18-hole course which is one of the busiest in Washington state, is located in Kent. An adjacent par 3 course was actively used by locals for years before being shut down in 2017 to make room for a mixed used development.[50]

ShoWare Center, home of the Seattle Thunderbirds

Events[edit]

Entertainment[edit]

The people of Kent are also often fans of the Seattle Seahawks an NFL team, the Seattle Sounders FC, a MLS team, and the Seattle Mariners, an MLB team. They could also be counted as fans of the former NBA team the Seattle SuperSonics which was based in the nearby city of Seattle.[52]

Notable people[edit]

Sister cities[edit]

Kent has the following sister cities:[54][55]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-07-14. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  3. ^ "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved March 28, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Kent". Geographic Names Information System. United States Geological Survey. 
  5. ^ "Kent is incorporated on May 28, 1890". historylink.org. History Ink. Retrieved 29 July 2015. 
  6. ^ a b "Population Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on October 19, 2016. Retrieved June 13, 2016. 
  7. ^ Johnson, Florence K. Lentz ; pictorial research by Linda Van Nest ; "Partners in progress" by Lynn (1990). Kent--valley of opportunity : an illustrated history (1st ed.). Chatsworth, Calif.: Windsor Publications. p. 14. ISBN 0-89781-356-1. 
  8. ^ "Kent and the White River Valley Area". Washington Secretary of State. Washington Secretary of State. Retrieved 18 September 2017. 
  9. ^ Johnson, Florence K. Lentz ; pictorial research by Linda Van Nest ; "Partners in progress" by Lynn (1990). Kent--valley of opportunity : an illustrated history (1st ed.). Chatsworth, Calif.: Windsor Publications. pp. 12, 17. ISBN 0-89781-356-1. 
  10. ^ Johnson, Florence K. Lentz ; pictorial research by Linda Van Nest ; "Partners in progress" by Lynn (1990). Kent--valley of opportunity : an illustrated history (1st ed.). Chatsworth, Calif.: Windsor Publications. p. 20. ISBN 0-89781-356-1. 
  11. ^ "Herefordshire Through Time - Welcome". Smr.herefordshire.gov.uk. Retrieved 2011-07-12. 
  12. ^ Stein, Alan J. (2001-09-24). "the Free Online Encyclopedia of Washington State History". HistoryLink.org. Retrieved 2011-07-12. 
  13. ^ Wilma, David (1999-09-14). "the Free Online Encyclopedia of Washington State History". HistoryLink.org. Retrieved 2011-07-12. 
  14. ^ Lange, Greg (1999-05-09). "the Free Online Encyclopedia of Washington State History". HistoryLink.org. Retrieved 2011-07-12. 
  15. ^ Long, Priscilla (1999-08-06). "the Free Online Encyclopedia of Washington State History". HistoryLink.org. Retrieved 2011-07-12. 
  16. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2006-09-23. Retrieved 2009-01-27. 
  17. ^ "Welcome to our Home Page". White River Valley Museum. Retrieved 2011-07-12. 
  18. ^ "History of Kent". www.kentwa.gov. Retrieved 2014-11-30. 
  19. ^ Long, Priscilla (2006-09-04). "the Free Online Encyclopedia of Washington State History". HistoryLink.org. Retrieved 2011-07-12. 
  20. ^ "About | Greater Kent Historical Society Museum". Kent Historical Museum. Retrieved 2011-07-12. 
  21. ^ "History | Greater Kent Historical Society Museum". Kent Historical Museum. Retrieved 2011-07-12. 
  22. ^ "Parks, Trails & Open Space". Kent Washington Official Website. City of Kent, Washington. Retrieved 2013-04-20. 
  23. ^ "Monthly Averages for Seattle, WA". The Weather Channel. Archived from the original on 2014-07-10. Retrieved 2007-09-28. 
  24. ^ King County and Local Landmarks List, King County Preservation Program, Department of Natural Resources and Parks, August 2012, archived from the original on 2013-01-27, retrieved 2012-10-09 
  25. ^ City Clerk Ronald F. Moore, MMC
  26. ^ "Convenience: a great selling point for GRCC". The Seattle Times. 
  27. ^ "Our School / Our School". kent.k12.wa.us. Retrieved 2014-05-19. 
  28. ^ "King County Annexation Initiative". Archived from the original on 2009-04-13. 
  29. ^ Kent Northeast annexation information - King County Official site
  30. ^ a b "Annexation Frequently Asked Questions". City of Kent, Washington. Retrieved 2011-09-22. 
  31. ^ https://www.kentreporter.com/business/kent-street-gets-new-name-of-oberto-drive/
  32. ^ "Work and Life in Balance!". kentwa.gov. City of Kent, Washington. Retrieved 28 July 2015. 
  33. ^ "Lunar Roving Vehicle". Boeing. 
  34. ^ "Facility Directory Listing". Mountain Hawk Corporation. 
  35. ^ "Kent Industrial Materials: Metals". Dex. 
  36. ^ "Salmon Bay Steel Corporation Factory, Kent, WA". University of Washington. 
  37. ^ "Welcome to Puget Sound Steel". Puget Sound Steel Co Inc. 
  38. ^ "Featured Project". Puget Sound Steel Co Inc. 
  39. ^ "Seattle". PACIFIC METAL COMPANY/Reliance Steel. 
  40. ^ "TMX Aerospace". ThyssenKrupp Materials NA, Inc. 
  41. ^ "About ThyssenKrupp Aerospace". ThyssenKrupp Aerospace. 
  42. ^ "Industrial Center Assessment" (PDF). City of Kent Economic Development. 
  43. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  44. ^ Moffatt, Riley. Population History of Western U.S. Cities & Towns, 1850–1990. Lanham: Scarecrow, 1996, 323.
  45. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved May 24, 2014. 
  46. ^ "La tenue vestimentaire idéale pour faire du skate". 2012skateamerica.com. Archived from the original on 2013-07-21. Retrieved 2014-05-19. 
  47. ^ "Home - ISU". www2.isu.org. Retrieved 2014-05-19. 
  48. ^ "La tenue vestimentaire idéale pour faire du skate". 2012skateamerica.com. Retrieved 2014-05-19. 
  49. ^ http://www.juniorrollerderbyworldcup2015.com/
  50. ^ "Gone forever: Golfers lament removal of Kent's Riverbend par 3 course - Kent Reporter". kentreporter.com. 28 September 2017. Retrieved 21 March 2018. 
  51. ^ https://www.seattlesouthside.com/listing/seattle-thunderbirds/283/
  52. ^ "image/5106f2716bb3f7e816000002-900-525/nfl-fans-map". static5.businessinsider.com. Retrieved 2014-05-19. 
  53. ^ "A moment with ... Jeff Dye, comedian". seattlepi.com. July 30, 2008. Retrieved 2018-01-18. 
  54. ^ "Sister Cities, States, Counties & Ports". web.archive.org. Archived from the original on 2006-09-29. Retrieved 2014-05-20. 
  55. ^ "Sister Cities - City of Kent, Washington". kentwa.gov. Archived from the original on 2014-05-20. Retrieved 2014-05-19. 

External links[edit]