Kent (cigarette)

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Kent
Kent logo navy.png
Product typeCigarette
OwnerBritish American Tobacco
Produced byBritish American Tobacco
R.J. Reynolds
CountryUnited States
Introduced1952; 69 years ago (1952)
Related brandsBarclay
MarketsSee Markets
Previous ownersLorillard

Kent is an American brand of cigarettes, currently owned and manufactured by R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company in the United States and British American Tobacco elsewhere.[1] The brand is named after Herbert Kent, a former executive at Lorillard Tobacco Company.[2]

History[edit]

An old pack of Kent Ultras from South Africa

Widely recognized by many as the first popular filtered cigarette, Kent was introduced by the Lorillard Tobacco Company in 1952 around the same time a series of articles entitled "cancer by the carton", published by Reader's Digest, scared American consumers into seeking out a filter brand at a time when most brands were filterless. (Viceroy cigarettes had been the first to introduce filters, in 1936.[citation needed]) Kent widely touted its "famous micronite filter" and promised consumers the "greatest health protection in history". Sales of Kent skyrocketed, and it has been estimated that in Kent's first four years on the market, Lorillard sold some 13 billion Kent cigarettes. From March 1952 until at least May 1956, however, the Micronite filter in Kent cigarettes contained compressed carcinogenic blue asbestos within the crimped crepe paper.[3][4] It has been suspected that many cases of mesothelioma have been caused specifically by smoking the original Kent cigarettes, and various lawsuits followed over the years because of it.[5][6][7] Lorillard quietly changed the filter material from asbestos to the more common cellulose acetate in mid 1956.[3] Kent continued to grow until the late 1960s, then began a long, steady decline as more filtered cigarette brands promising even lower tar (and appealing to smokers' desires for a "safer" smoke) were introduced.

However, Kent continued to stay in the top ten cigarette brand list until 1979.[8] In 1977, Lorillard sold the overseas rights of Kent and all of its other brands[9] and today Kents manufactured outside the U.S. are property of British American Tobacco.

In the 1970s, British American Tobacco bought the brand and started selling it outside of the U.S, eventually making it one of their most popular brands along with Dunhill, Lucky Strike, Pall Mall and Rothmans.[2]

On June 15, 2014 Reynolds American offered to buy the Lorillard tobacco company for $27.4 billion and effective June 12, 2015 the Kent brand became the property of R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company.[10]

Various advertising posters were made for Kent cigarettes, ranging from 1955 until 1986.[11][12]

Kent in Romania[edit]

Between 1970 and 1990 Kent was the most demanded cigarette in Romania and in some parts of the domestic market used as payment or bribe.[13] In the latter part of the interval, Kent was no longer available in regular retail, being sold officially only in hard currency shops. Obviously, the black market was thriving at the time, as most Kents being smuggled in by those relatively few Romanians who were allowed to travel abroad (sea and air crew, diplomatic staff, etc.)[14][15]

Kent in Vietnam[edit]

Among the migrant worker community of English teachers in Vietnam, (esp. Hanoi) menthol Kent cigarettes have become a beloved accessory. A large part of this community consists of non-smokers who buy and smoke menthol Kents whilst drinking at the weekend. Kent "boom" (meaning push in Vietnamese and referring to the menthol bubble that the smoker presses and pops to change the flavour to menthol) are enjoyed by some who don't even press the button, others who press immediately and a whole host of subcultural groups that press halfway, after one draw, before the last draw, or before offering to a friend, and so on.

Markets[edit]

Kent is or was sold in the following countries: South Africa Australia, Belgium, Brazil, Republic of Ireland, United Kingdom, Norway, Sweden, Finland, Estonia, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Germany, Switzerland, Austria, Spain, Italy, Poland, Romania, Moldova, Czech Republic, Croatia, Serbia, Iraq, Albania, Latvia, Lithuania, Belarus, Ukraine, Russia, Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Uzbekistan, Egypt, South Africa, Syria, Israel, Iran, United States, Kosovo Mexico, El Salvador, Chile, Turkey, Peru, Brazil, Paraguay, Argentina, Vietnam, Singapore, Mongolia, China, Saudi Arabia, Hong Kong, Japan and South Korea.[16][17]

Varieties available in the U.S.[edit]

Currently, Kents sold in the U.S. are only available in soft packs.

  • Kent Classic - Kings and 100s (Full Flavor)
  • Kent Golden - Kings and 100s (Lights)
  • Kent III - Kings and 100s (Ultra Lights)

Kent also manufactured a regular size filter option (the same size as unfiltered Camels, Lucky Strikes). This is notable since most filter cigarettes were king size. This size was offered at least through the 1970s and possibly later. They are no longer available.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "British American Tobacco - Our brands". Bat.com. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
  2. ^ a b "Kent cigarettes. History and Reviews". Cigsspot.com. 24 April 2017. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
  3. ^ a b Longo WE, Rigler MW, Slade J (1995). "Crocidolite asbestos fibers in smoke from original Kent cigarettes". Cancer Research. 55 (11): 2232–5. PMID 7757969.
  4. ^ "Asbestos Cigarette Filters - Toxic Usage, Lawsuits & Brands". Asbestos.com. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
  5. ^ "Ex-Kent Smoker Blames Filter of Past for Illness". The New York Times. 30 August 1991. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
  6. ^ Myron Levin. "Lawsuits continue over asbestos in Kent cigarette filters". Greensboro.com. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
  7. ^ "Legal Battles Smolder Six Decades After 'the Greatest Health Protection in Cigarette History'". FairWarning.org. 22 October 2013. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
  8. ^ "Kent". Everything2.com. Retrieved 2015-10-31.
  9. ^ "Reynolds American Incorporated - Home". Lorillard.com. Retrieved 2015-10-31.
  10. ^ Inc, Reynolds American Inc ; Lorillard. "Reynolds American To Acquire Lorillard In Transaction Valued At $27.4 Billion". www.prnewswire.com (Public relations). Retrieved 2020-06-11.
  11. ^ "Kent cigarette ads". Vintageadsandstuff.com. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
  12. ^ "Kent Cigarettes". Advertisement Gallery. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
  13. ^ Lee, Gary (29 August 1987). "IN ROMANIA, KENTS AS CURRENCY". Washingtonpost.com. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
  14. ^ "The Montreal Gazette - Google News Archive Search". Archive.is. 11 April 2013. Archived from the original on 11 April 2013. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
  15. ^ In Romania, Smoking A Kent Cigarette Is Like Burning Money and In Romania, Kent Cigarettes are Very Useful As A Bartering Medium Archived 2013-12-26 at the Wayback Machine, The Wall Street Journal: March 1, 1986
  16. ^ "BrandKent - Cigarettes Pedia". Cigarettespedia.com. Retrieved 3 January 2018.
  17. ^ "Kent". Zigsam.at. Retrieved 3 January 2018.