Kent County, Maryland

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Kent County, Maryland
County
Kent County
KentCountyCourthouseMD 2015.jpg
Kent County Courthouse in Chestertown
Seal of Kent County, Maryland
Seal
Map of Maryland highlighting Kent County
Location in the U.S. state of Maryland
Map of the United States highlighting Maryland
Maryland's location in the U.S.
Founded December 30, 1642
Named for Kent
Seat Chestertown
Largest town Chestertown
Area
 • Total 413 sq mi (1,070 km2)
 • Land 277 sq mi (717 km2)
 • Water 136 sq mi (352 km2), 33%
Population (est.)
 • (2017) 19,384
 • Density 70/sq mi (30/km2)
Congressional district 1st
Time zone Eastern: UTC−5/−4
Website www.kentcounty.com

Kent County is a county located in the U.S. state of Maryland. As of the 2010 census, its population was 20,197,[1] making it the least populous county in Maryland. Its county seat is Chestertown.[2] The county was named for the county of Kent in England.[3] The county is located on Maryland's Eastern Shore.

History[edit]

In 1642, the governor and council appointed commissioners for the Isle and County of Kent. This act appears to have led to the establishment of Kent County. In 1675, the first county seat was New Yarmouth. The seat was briefly moved upriver to Quaker Neck, and then to the site of modern Chestertown. Before the American Revolution New Town on Chester, now Chestertown, was a port entry for the counties of Cecil, Kent, and Queen Anne's.[4]

The county has a number of properties which are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.[5]

Kent County was the mean center of US population in the census of 1790.

In 1793, the county had its first newspaper, called Apollo, or Chestertown Spy. It was succeeded by local papers such as the Chestertown Gazette.

Washington College, the oldest college in Maryland, is located in Kent County.

Government and politics[edit]

Kent County was granted home rule in 1970 under a state code.

In the early post-Civil War era Kent County, having been heavily Confederate-leaning, tended towards the Democratic Party.[6] William McKinley was the only Republican to carry the county between 1876 and 1924. After that, although carried by Franklin Roosevelt and Harry Truman during the five consecutive Democratic victories between 1932 and 1948, the county trended Republican especially relative to national voting. Currently, Kent County is along with Somerset County further south the most politically competitive county on Maryland’s Eastern Shore. In 2004, Republican George W. Bush won it with 52 percent of the vote to Democrat John Kerry’s 46%. In the 2008 United States Presidential Election, Barack Obama won Kent County by 48 votes more than John McCain.[7] In 2012 Republican Mitt Romney won Kent County by 28 votes over Democrat Barack Obama.

Presidential elections results
Presidential elections results[8]
Year Republican Democratic Third parties
2016 48.7% 4,876 45.7% 4,575 5.7% 570
2012 49.2% 4,870 48.9% 4,842 1.9% 192
2008 49.0% 4,905 49.4% 4,953 1.6% 162
2004 52.8% 4,900 46.1% 4,278 1.2% 107
2000 51.4% 4,155 44.9% 3,627 3.8% 303
1996 43.7% 3,055 45.8% 3,207 10.5% 736
1992 40.6% 3,094 40.6% 3,093 18.9% 1,441
1988 55.9% 3,761 43.5% 2,925 0.7% 46
1984 61.6% 3,897 37.8% 2,390 0.6% 36
1980 45.8% 2,889 47.4% 2,986 6.8% 429
1976 46.8% 2,821 53.2% 3,211
1972 64.4% 4,036 34.6% 2,168 1.1% 67
1968 46.5% 2,946 35.4% 2,243 18.1% 1,146
1964 32.8% 2,008 67.2% 4,113
1960 51.5% 3,264 48.5% 3,079
1956 61.2% 3,747 38.8% 2,378
1952 59.2% 3,656 40.6% 2,504 0.2% 11
1948 49.3% 2,489 50.0% 2,524 0.7% 35
1944 48.9% 2,351 51.1% 2,454
1940 46.5% 2,639 53.1% 3,014 0.5% 28
1936 46.2% 2,543 53.2% 2,931 0.6% 33
1932 38.1% 1,468 61.5% 2,370 0.4% 16
1928 52.8% 2,777 46.6% 2,450 0.6% 30
1924 42.5% 2,019 55.3% 2,628 2.2% 102
1920 48.2% 2,838 51.6% 3,034 0.2% 14
1916 46.4% 1,673 52.3% 1,886 1.3% 48
1912 30.2% 1,021 53.7% 1,816 16.1% 543
1908 47.0% 1,753 52.0% 1,939 1.1% 39
1904 47.9% 1,841 50.9% 1,956 1.2% 46
1900 53.1% 2,426 45.4% 2,076 1.6% 71

The Sheriff of Kent County is John Price IV.

The commissioners of Kent County are - Ronald H. Fithian (D) President, William W. Pickrum (D) and William A. Short (R)

Geography[edit]

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 413 square miles (1,070 km2), of which 277 square miles (720 km2) is land and 136 square miles (350 km2) (33%) is water.[9]

According to the Maryland Geological Survey, the highest point in Kent County is 102 ft above sea level, approximately 2.25 mi west of Coleman's Corner (shown on maps as "Coleman"), just northeast of the mouth of Still Pond Creek.[10]

Kent County is the smallest county in Maryland. It has a 209-mile shoreline, including Eastern Neck Island. The Chesapeake Bay is on the west, Sassafras River on the north, and the Chester River on the south. The eastern border with Delaware is part of the Mason–Dixon line.

Adjacent counties[edit]

National protected area[edit]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
179012,836
180011,771−8.3%
181011,450−2.7%
182011,4530.0%
183010,501−8.3%
184010,8423.2%
185011,3865.0%
186013,26716.5%
187017,10228.9%
188017,6052.9%
189017,471−0.8%
190018,7867.5%
191016,957−9.7%
192015,026−11.4%
193014,242−5.2%
194013,465−5.5%
195013,6771.6%
196015,48113.2%
197016,1464.3%
198016,6953.4%
199017,8426.9%
200019,1977.6%
201020,1975.2%
Est. 201719,384[11]−4.0%
U.S. Decennial Census[12]
1790-1960[13] 1900-1990[14]
1990-2000[15]
A farm in Kent County, Maryland

2000 census[edit]

As of the census of 2000, there were 19,197 people, 7,666 households, and 5,136 families residing in the county. The population density was 69 people per square mile (27/km²). There were 9,410 housing units at an average density of 34 per square mile (13/km²). The racial makeup of the county was 79.64% White, 17.41% Black or African American, 0.15% Native American, 0.54% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 1.04% from other races, and 1.18% from two or more races. 2.84% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 15.7% were of English, 14.2% German, 12.4% Irish and 11.3% American ancestry.

There were 7,666 households out of which 26.30% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.70% were married couples living together, 11.10% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.00% were non-families. 27.80% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.70% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.33 and the average family size was 2.81.

In the county, the population was spread out with 20.80% under the age of 18, 10.90% from 18 to 24, 23.70% from 25 to 44, 25.30% from 45 to 64, and 19.30% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females there were 91.90 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.90 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $39,869, and the median income for a family was $46,708. Males had a median income of $31,899 versus $24,513 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,573. About 9.30% of families and 13.00% of the population were below the poverty line, including 17.00% of those under age 18 and 8.50% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census[edit]

As of the 2010 United States Census, there were 20,197 people, 8,165 households, and 5,272 families residing in the county.[16] The population density was 72.9 inhabitants per square mile (28.1/km2). There were 10,549 housing units at an average density of 38.1 per square mile (14.7/km2).[17] The racial makeup of the county was 80.1% white, 15.1% black or African American, 0.8% Asian, 0.2% American Indian, 1.9% from other races, and 1.8% from two or more races. Those of Hispanic or Latino origin made up 4.5% of the population.[16] In terms of ancestry, 18.7% were English, 18.7% were German, 15.5% were Irish, 7.9% were American, and 5.8% were Italian.[18]

Of the 8,165 households, 24.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.2% were married couples living together, 10.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 35.4% were non-families, and 29.6% of all households were made up of individuals. The average household size was 2.29 and the average family size was 2.78. The median age was 45.6 years.[16]

The median income for a household in the county was $50,141 and the median income for a family was $63,507. Males had a median income of $41,046 versus $35,161 for females. The per capita income for the county was $29,536. About 5.1% of families and 12.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 14.9% of those under age 18 and 7.8% of those age 65 or over.[19]

Education[edit]

  • Kent County High School
  • Kent County Middle School
  • Galena Elementary School
  • Judy Center (Pre-school)
  • Henry Highland Garnett Elementary School
  • Rock Hall Elementary School
  • Kent School
  • Chestertown Christian Academy
  • Echo Hill Outdoor School
  • Radcliffe Creek School
  • Washington College
  • Chesapeake College (supported in part by the county government, but located in Wye Mills, Md.)

Communities[edit]

This county contains the following incorporated municipalities:

Towns[edit]

Census-designated places[edit]

The United States Census Bureau recognizes the following Census-designated places in Kent County:

Unincorporated communities[edit]

Other unincorporated places not listed as Census-Designated Places but known in the area include:

Notable residents[edit]

  • John Needles (1786 – 1878), Quaker abolitionist and a master craftsman of fine furniture.

Miscellaneous[edit]

  • The newspaper of record is the Kent County News.
  • Kent County Public Schools were some of the last in the country to fully integrate, but this was because of construction delays in opening the desegregated high school, which opened in the fall of 1969. Primary grade feeder schools in the Kent County system were integrated before the opening of the centrally located high school.
  • Kent County, Maryland, is one of the few counties in the United States to border its namesake in another state—in this case, Kent County, Delaware.
  • In 1790 Kent County contained the centre of population of the United States, according to the US Census Bureau. It is on the edge of a cornfield at 39.16.30 N 76.11.12 W.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved August 24, 2013. 
  2. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on 2011-05-31. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  3. ^ Gannett, Henry (1905). The Origin of Certain Place Names in the United States. Govt. Print. Off. p. 173. 
  4. ^ Clark, Charles; Robert Swain, Jr. (1950). The Eastern Shore of Maryland and Virginia. New York: Lewis Historical Publishing Company. pp. 917–938. 
  5. ^ National Park Service (2008-04-15). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  6. ^ Levine, Mark V.; ‘Standing Political Decisions and Critical Realignment: The Pattern of Maryland Politics, 1872-1948’; The Journal of Politics, volume 38, no. 2 (May, 1976), pp. 292-325
  7. ^ "CNN Maryland Results 2008 election". Cable News Network. 
  8. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018-06-11. 
  9. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Archived from the original on September 13, 2014. Retrieved September 12, 2014. 
  10. ^ "Maryland Geological Survey". Maryland Department of Natural Resources. Retrieved 2011-07-21. 
  11. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved March 30, 2018. 
  12. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved September 12, 2014. 
  13. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved September 12, 2014. 
  14. ^ "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 12, 2014. 
  15. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. Retrieved September 12, 2014. 
  16. ^ a b c "DP-1 Profile of General Population and Housing Characteristics: 2010 Demographic Profile Data". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-22. 
  17. ^ "Population, Housing Units, Area, and Density: 2010 - County". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-22. 
  18. ^ "DP02 SELECTED SOCIAL CHARACTERISTICS IN THE UNITED STATES – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-22. 
  19. ^ "DP03 SELECTED ECONOMIC CHARACTERISTICS – 2006-2010 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016-01-22. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 39°14′N 76°06′W / 39.23°N 76.10°W / 39.23; -76.10