Hance during his time in Congress
|Chancellor of the Texas Tech University System|
December 1, 2006 – June 30, 2014
|Preceded by||David Smith|
|Succeeded by||Robert L. Duncan|
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 19th district
January 3, 1979 – January 3, 1985
|Preceded by||George H. Mahon|
|Succeeded by||Larry Combest|
|Member of the Texas Railroad Commission|
September 23, 1987 – January 2, 1991
|Preceded by||Mark Wallace|
|Succeeded by||Robert Krueger|
|Texas State Senator from District 28|
January 14, 1975 – January 9, 1979
|Preceded by||H.J. "Doc" Blanchard|
|Succeeded by||E L Short|
November 14, 1942 |
Dimmitt, Texas, U.S.
Republican (since 1985)Democratic (until 1985)
|Alma mater||Texas Tech University
University of Texas Law School
Kent Ronald Hance (born November 14, 1942) is the former Chancellor of the Texas Tech University System. In his role, he oversaw Texas Tech University, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center and Angelo State University in San Angelo, Texas. He is also a lobbyist and lawyer who was a Democratic member of the United States House of Representatives from West Texas, having served from 1979 to 1985. After his congressional service, he switched to the Republican Party and in 1990 made an unsuccessful primary race for governor of Texas.
In 2006, Hance was chosen as the third chancellor to succeed David Smith as the chancellor of the Texas Tech University System in Lubbock. He is taking a leave of absence from his Austin law firm Hance Scarborough, LLP but continues to sit on profit and nonprofit boards and commissions while at the helm of Texas Tech. The Lubbock Avalanche-Journal quoted Texas Tech board chairman Rick Francis:
- The regents believed Hance could further the goals that we had for our chancellor, in terms of energizing our alumni, and those legislators in both Austin and Washington, D.C., and provide the vision that we need for the future.
Early years and election to Congress
Hance obtained his Bachelor of Business Administration degree in finance from the Rawls College of Business at Texas Tech University in 1965 where he was also a member of Delta Tau Delta, which he served as president. He also served as the Student Government Association Vice-President and was a member of the Saddle Tramps.
He later attended the University of Texas School of Law. During his time as a law student, he was the Student Bar Association President and chosen as recipient of the Counsel Award. After law school, he was admitted to the Texas bar and in 1968 became a practicing attorney in Lubbock, Texas. During this period, he was also a law professor at Texas Tech from 1968 until 1973.
In 1974, Hance ran for the Texas Senate and defeated incumbent H.J. "Doc" Blanchard in the 1974 primary. His campaign at the beginning seemed doomed to failure, but Hance quickly made connection with voters in the sprawling West Texas district.
He served in the state senate from 1975 to 1979. After winning the 1978 Democratic primary nomination for the Lubbock-based 19th Congressional District, he defeated the Republican nominee George W. Bush of Midland. The seat, which was based in Lubbock, had been held since inception by popular Democrat George H. Mahon, long-time chairman of the House Appropriations Committee (the 19th included most of the Permian Basin at the time). Bush won the Republican nomination in a hard-fought but low-turnout runoff primary against the 1976 party nominee, Jim Reese, former mayor of Odessa in Ector County.
The 19th had long been one of the more conservative areas of Texas. It was one of the first areas of Texas to move away from its Democratic roots; it hasn't supported a Democrat for president since 1964. However, at the time, conservative Democrats continued to represent much of the region at the state and local levels, and would do so well into the 1990s. Hance claimed Bush was "not a real Texan" because of his privileged upbringing and Yale education. Hance won by seven points—the only time that the future 43rd President of the United States was ever defeated in an election.
As a Democratic member of Congress during 1979–1985, Hance was a member of the "boll-weevil" conservatives. As such, he became one of President Ronald Reagan's allies and carried his tax-cut, the nation's largest tax cut, in 1981.
Hance was reelected two times. His voting record was very conservative even by Texas Democratic standards; he compiled a lifetime rating of 72 from the American Conservative Union. He did not run for a fourth term in 1984, opting instead to seek the Democratic nomination for the Senate seat being vacated by the retiring John Tower. Hance announced within hours of Tower's withdrawal that he would run for the Senate. He was very narrowly defeated—by only 273 votes—by State Senator Lloyd Doggett of Austin, who was later a long-term Democratic congressman. Hance had received a great deal of support from conservative Republicans who crossed party lines to vote for him in the race, since Hance had run on a conservative platform. Hance proceeded to endorse Doggett in the general election, which rankled many of the conservative Republicans who had crossed party lines to vote for him. Doggett went on to lose to Republican Congressman Phil Gramm. Geography also played a role in Hance's loss to Doggett; no one from west of San Antonio has never represented Texas in the U.S. Senate.
Hance endorsed one of his aides, Don R. Richards, in the Democratic primary for his congressional seat. Richards won the nomination, but was defeated in the general election by a young Republican, Larry Combest, a former aide to Tower. Proving just how Republican this district had become at the national level, Richards only tallied 41.9 percent of the vote--one of only two times since Hance left office that a Democrat has cleared 40 percent of the vote.
Hance switches parties
Hance switched parties from Democratic to Republican in 1985. In 1986, he unsuccessfully sought the Republican gubernatorial nomination. Instead, the Republicans called former Governor Bill Clements out of retirement for the right to challenge Democratic Governor Mark White. In 1988, Hance was a Texas delegate to his first ever Republican National Convention, which met in New Orleans.
In 1987, Clements appointed his former intraparty rival Hance to a vacancy on the Texas Railroad Commission.
In 1988, Hance was elected as a Republican to the commission on the coattails of presidential nominee George H.W. Bush, the father of George W. Bush whom Hance had defeated in the 1978 election for the 19th Congressional District. He left the Railroad Commission in 1990, once again to seek the Republican nomination for governor but was heavily defeated in the primary by controversial Midland businessman Clayton Williams. In the primary against Williams, Hance finished second but with only 15 percent of the ballots.
Kent R. Hance Chapel
On May 1, 2011, Texas Tech University announced that Kent Hance provided the largest gift, $1.75 million, toward the $3 million privately funded non-denominational campus chapel, named the Kent R. Hance Chapel designed by McKinney York Architects.
In 1985, Hance received the Texas Tech Alumni Association Distinguished Alumni Award. In 2009, Hance received the South Plains Council Boy Scouts of America John F. Lott Distinguished Citizen Award. In 2009-2010, Hance received the Outstanding Texas State Leader Award at the Annual Texas Leadership Forum, presented by the John Ben Shepperd Public Leadership Institute. Additionally, Hance received the Hope Award from the National Multiple Sclerosis Society West Texas Chapter in April 2010.
After raising $1.69 billion in funds for Texas Tech, Hance announced on October 13, 2013, that he will step down as chancellor at some time in 2014. The regents voted to name him chancellor-emeritus upon his retirement. His contract expires in December 2013 but he will continue in the position for an undetermined number of months thereafter. Hance has residences in both Austin and Lubbock.
- "Regents approve Tech Chancellor Kent Hance's request to retire: Hance announced Friday he will retire in 2014, October 12, 2013". Lubbock Avalanche Journal. Retrieved October 13, 2013.
- "2005 Distinguished Alumni". Rawls Exchange. Rawls College of Business. 2005. p. 15.
- La Ventana (40 ed.). Lubbock, Texas: Texas Tech University. 1965. p. View, 24.
- "Bush Wasn't Always a Front-Runner". Washington Post. 1999-10-17. Retrieved 2007-04-07.
- United States Congress. "Kent Hance (id: H000144)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
- Papers, 1953-1984 and undated, in the Southwest Collection/Special Collections Library at Texas Tech University
- Appearances on C-SPAN
|Chancellor of Texas Tech University System
Robert L. Duncan
|Texas Railroad Commissioner
H. J. "Doc" Blanchard
|Texas State Senator
from District 28 (Lubbock)
E L Short
|U.S. House of Representatives|
George H. Mahon
|Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Texas's 19th congressional district