Kent County Cricket Club

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Kent County Cricket Club
Kent CCC logo.svg
One-day name: Kent Spitfires
Captain: England Sam Northeast
Coach: West Indies Cricket Board Jimmy Adams
Founded: 1842
Home ground: St Lawrence Ground
Capacity: 15,000
Chief executive: England Jamie Clifford
First-class debut: Sussex
in 1825
at Hove
Championship wins: 7 (1 shared)
Pro40 wins: 5
FP Trophy wins: 2
Twenty20 Cup wins: 1
Official website: Official website

Kent County Cricket Club is one of eighteen first-class county clubs within the domestic cricket structure of England and Wales. It represents the historic county of Kent. The club's limited overs team is called the Kent Spitfires after the Supermarine Spitfire. Kent teams formed by earlier organisations since 1709 had major status and so the county club is rated accordingly from inception: i.e., classified as an unofficial first-class team by substantial sources from 1842 to 1894;[1][2] classified as an official first-class team from 1895 by Marylebone Cricket Club (MCC) and the County Championship clubs;[3] classified as a List A team since the beginning of limited overs cricket in 1963;[4] and classified as a major Twenty20 team since 2003.[5]

The club plays most of its home matches at the Spitfire Ground, St Lawrence in Canterbury, but also plays some home matches at the County Cricket Ground, Beckenham and the Nevill Ground, Royal Tunbridge Wells where they host the Tunbridge Wells Cricket Week.

Honours[edit]

First XI honours[edit]

Second XI honours[edit]

Women's honours[edit]

Records[edit]

For Kent County Cricket Club's List A records, see List of Kent County Cricket Club List A cricket records.
For Kent County Cricket Club's Twenty20 records, see List of Kent County Cricket Club Twenty20 cricket records.

History[edit]

Pre-1840[edit]

For details of Kent county teams before the formation of Kent County Cricket Club, see Kent county cricket teams.

Kent, jointly with Sussex, is believed to be the birthplace of cricket. It is widely held that cricket was invented by children living on the Weald in Saxon or Norman times. The game's earliest tentative reference, re creag in 1300, relates to Newenden in Kent.

Further information: History of cricket to 1725

The first definite mention of cricket in Kent concerned a match at Chevening in 1610 between teams from the Weald and the Downs.

Cricket became established in Kent during the 17th century and the earliest village matches took place before the English Civil War. It is believed that the earliest county teams were formed in the aftermath of the Restoration in 1660. In 1705, West of Kent played Chatham at Malling. The first recorded inter-county match took place in 1709 between Kent and Surrey.

Kent had strong teams throughout the 18th century, often challenging All-England. The county had several famous patrons including Lord John Sackville, his son John Frederick Sackville, 3rd Duke of Dorset and Sir Horatio Mann. In the latter half of the 18th century, Kent and Surrey were the only counties that could realistically challenge the power of Hambledon.

In the 1822 MCC versus Kent match at Lord’s, John Willes of Kent opened the bowling and was no-balled for using a roundarm action, a style he had attempted to introduce since 1807. Willes promptly withdrew from the match and refused to play again in any important fixture. His action proved the catalyst for the so-called "roundarm revolution".

In 1837 Kent was unofficially proclaimed the "champion county" and had the most successful team through most of the 1840s. Mainstays of the Kent team in those years included Alfred Mynn, Fuller Pilch, Nicholas Wanostrocht aka "Felix", Ned Wenman and William Hillyer. William Jeffrey Prowse wrote these famous lines about the Kent side, as part of his poem In Memoriam, Alfred Mynn:

And with five such mighty cricketers, t'was but natural to win,
As Felix, Wenman, Hillyer, Fuller Pilch, and Alfred Mynn.

Post-1840[edit]

On 6 August 1842, formation of the original Kent County Cricket Club took place in Canterbury. The new Kent CCC played its initial first-class match against All-England at the White Hart Ground in Bromley on 25, 26 & 27 August 1842. In 1847 the club began using the St Lawrence Ground. On 1 March 1859, a substantial reorganisation occurred to create the present Kent CCC.

Kent enjoyed two periods of prolonged success: the first in the years before World War I, when in the space of eight seasons they were county champions four times. The pavilion at Tunbridge Wells was burned down by Suffragettes in April 1913. Though valuable records were lost the Pavilion was rebuilt in 9 weeks, the funds raised by public subscription. The bowling of Colin Blythe and the captaincy of Cloudesley Marsham, and later Ted Dillon were key factors in Kent's decade of success. They remained highly consistent until the 1930s, with high quality players such as Tich Freeman, Frank Woolley, Wally Hardinge and Les Ames all playing at the peak of their career. Kent ran up 803 for 4 dec against Essex CCC at Brentwood in 1934 with Bill Ashdown scoring 332, Ames 202* and Woolley 172. The total took seven hours, with 623 runs alone on the first day. Arthur Fagg scored two double centuries in the same match for Kent against Essex CCC at Colchester in 1938, while Woolley scored over 2,000 runs for Kent in 1935 aged 48. He retired in 1938 with 58,959 runs, 145 centuries, 2066 wickets and 1018 catches to his name. Doug Wright, who took over 2000 wickets with his brisk leg breaks and googlies between 1932 and 1957, took his 7th hat trick in 1949, the most ever.

Former Kent CCC logo

Kent did not become successful again until the 1970s, when they claimed ten domestic trophies, including the County Championship title in 1970, 1978 and a shared title in 1977. They also claimed the Benson & Hedges Cup in 1973, 1976, 1978, and the Gillette Cup in 1974. Their success was this time due to the batting of Brian Luckhurst, Asif Iqbal and Colin Cowdrey.

Kent have become well known for producing high-quality wicket-keepers. Les Ames, Godfrey Evans, Alan Knott, Paul Downton and Geraint Jones have all progressed from the Kent ranks to the English national side.

Recent history[edit]

In the 2006 season, Kent finished fifth in Division One of the County Championship while the Spitfires were fifth in the NatWest Pro40 League Division Two. On 4 August 2007, Kent won the Twenty20 Cup for the first time, defeating co-favourites Sussex in the semi-finals, captain Rob Key hitting 68 not out. In the final they defeated Gloucestershire in a see-saw game where in the final over, chasing 148, they required 13 off the last over, before making it home with 2 balls to spare, Matthew Walker hitting 45 and Darren Stevens hitting 30 not out to see the Spitfires home. Earlier in the final, Ryan McLaren got a hat-trick. On 27 September 2008, Kent were relegated from the First to the Second Division of the County Championship for the first time.

Grounds[edit]

For more details on this topic, see List of Kent County Cricket Club grounds.
Kent v South Africans in 2003, showing the old lime tree

Kent's main ground is the St Lawrence Ground in Canterbury. This ground has been used by the club since 1847 and Kent have played over 500 first-class matches at the ground. It is famous for having a tree, the St Lawrence Lime on the playing field. The original tree, around which the ground was built, was broken in two by high winds in January 2005 and replaced by a smaller line tree later in the same year.[8][9][10] The ground hosts the annual Canterbury Cricket Week, the oldest cricket festival in the world.[11][12] This dates from 1842 and has been held at the ground since the club moved there.[13][14]

Kent played their first official match at White Hart Field in Bromley in August 1842 and have used 29 different grounds within the county for home matches, including grounds which formed part of the historical county of Kent but which are now within the Greater London area.. Two outgrounds remain in regular use, the redeveloped County Cricket Ground, Beckenham and the Nevill Ground in Royal Tunbridge Wells. The latter ground hosts the Tunbridge Wells Cricket Week and has seen over 200 Kent home matches played on it.[15][16] Former venues include Mote Park in Maidstone, which was used until 2005 and has been the venue for over 200 Kent first-class matches,[17] as well as grounds in Gravesend, Tonbridge, Dover and Folkestone, all of which have had more than 100 home matches played on them.

The county's main offices are based at the St Lawrence Ground. Indoor cricket schools are in place at both this ground and at Beckenham which acts as a centre of excellence for player development in the west of the county.[18]

Players with most first-class appearances[edit]

Further information: List of Kent cricketers

Club presidents[edit]

Club captains[edit]

Players[edit]

Current squad[edit]

As of 30 January 2016
  • No. denotes the player's squad number, as worn on the back of their shirt.
  • double-dagger denotes players with international caps.
  •  *  denotes a player who has been awarded a county cap.
No. Name Nationality Birth date Batting Style Bowling Style Notes
Batsmen
4 Robert Keydouble-dagger  England (1979-05-12) 12 May 1979 (age 36) Right-handed Right arm off break 15 test, five ODI and one T20I appearances for England,[20] England Under-19 1997-98. Former club captain.
6 Joe Denlydouble-dagger  England (1986-03-16) 16 March 1986 (age 29) Right-handed Right arm leg break Nine ODI and two T20I appearances for England,[21] England Under-19s 2004-05
10 Alex Blake  England (1989-01-25) 25 January 1989 (age 27) Left-handed Right arm medium-fast England Under 19, 2006/07
16 Zak Crawley  England (1998-02-03) 3 February 1998 (age 18) Right-handed Right arm medium
17 Sam Northeast*  England (1989-10-16) 16 October 1989 (age 26) Right-handed Right arm off break 2016 captain,[22] England Under 19, 2006–09
23 Daniel Bell-Drummond*  England (1993-08-03) 3 August 1993 (age 22) Right-handed Right arm medium England Lions and England Performance Programme squads, 2015/16,[23] England Under 19, 2010–12
30 Fabian Cowdrey  England (1993-01-30) 30 January 1993 (age 23) Right-handed Slow left-arm orthodox
58 Sean Dickson  South Africa (1991-09-02) 2 September 1991 (age 24) Right-handed Right arm medium Kolpak registered UK passport holder
All-rounders
3 Darren Stevens*  England (1976-04-30) 30 April 1976 (age 39) Right-handed Right arm medium
21 Ben Harmison  England (1986-01-09) 9 January 1986 (age 30) Left-handed Right arm medium-fast
24 Adam Ball  England (1993-03-01) 1 March 1993 (age 22) Right-handed Left arm fast-medium England Under 19, 2009–12
25 Calum Haggett  England (1990-10-30) 30 October 1990 (age 25) Left-handed Right arm medium-fast England Under 19, 2009–10
26 Matt Coles*  England (1990-05-26) 26 May 1990 (age 25) Left-handed Right arm fast-medium England Lions, 2012/13
Wicket-keepers
7 Sam Billings*double-dagger  England (1991-06-15) 15 June 1991 (age 24) Right-handed Five ODI and five T20I appearances for England.[24] England Lions squad, 2014-16,[23] England Under 19, 2009-10
12 Adam Rouse  England (1992-06-30) 30 June 1992 (age 23) Right-handed England Under 19, 2010
Bowlers
5 Ivan Thomas  England (1991-09-25) 25 September 1991 (age 24) Right-handed Right arm medium-fast
8 Mitchell Claydon  England (1982-11-25) 25 November 1982 (age 33) Left-handed Right arm medium-fast
11 Imran Qayyum  England (1993-05-23) 23 May 1993 (age 22) Right-handed Slow left-arm orthodox
14 Matt Hunn  England (1994-03-22) 22 March 1994 (age 21) Right-handed Right arm fast-medium
15 James Tredwelldouble-dagger  England (1982-02-27) 27 February 1982 (age 33) Left-handed Right arm off break Two test, 45 ODI and two T20I appearances for England,[25] England Under 19s 2001. Former club captain.
18 David Griffiths  England (1985-11-10) 10 November 1985 (age 30) Left-handed Right arm fast-medium England Under 19, 2004–05
19 Sam Weller  England (1994-11-21) 21 November 1994 (age 21) Right-handed Right arm fast-medium
22 Charlie Hartley  England (1994-01-04) 4 January 1994 (age 22) Right-handed Right arm medium-fast
27 Hugh Bernard  England (1996-09-14) 14 September 1996 (age 19) Right-handed Right arm medium-fast England Under 19, Winter 2015[26]
33 Adam Riley  England (1992-03-23) 23 March 1992 (age 23) Right-handed Right arm off break England Lions 4-day squad, 2014-15[27]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Known as the Gillette Cup (1963–1980), NatWest Trophy (1981–2000) and C&G Trophy (2001–2006), Friends Provident Trophy (2007–2009) and ECB 40 (2010–2013)
  2. ^ Formerly known as the Sunday League (1969–1998). Ran until 2009 season.
  3. ^ Names have included the Twenty20 Cup (2003-2009), Friends Life t20 (2010-2013) and NatWest t20 Blast (2014 onwards).

References[edit]

  1. ^ ACS (1981). A Guide to Important Cricket Matches Played in the British Isles 1709 – 1863. Nottingham: ACS. 
  2. ^ ACS (1982). A Guide to First-Class Cricket Matches Played in the British Isles. Nottingham: ACS. 
  3. ^ Birley, p. 145.
  4. ^ "List A events played by Kent". CricketArchive. Retrieved 28 November 2015. 
  5. ^ "Twenty20 events played by Kent". CricketArchive. Retrieved 28 November 2015. 
  6. ^ "The Home of CricketArchive". Cricketarchive.com. Retrieved 2013-05-04. 
  7. ^ "The Home of CricketArchive". Cricketarchive.com. Retrieved 2013-05-04. 
  8. ^ St lawrence Ground, CricInfo. Retrieved 2016-01-09.
  9. ^ End of innings for cricket tree, BBC News website, 2005-01-10. Retrieved 2016-02-09.
  10. ^ Cricket club reveal new lime tree, BBC News website, 2005-03-08. Retrieved 2016-02-09.
  11. ^ Kent Cricket 2015 fixtures revealed, Kent County Cricket Club, 2014-11-26. Retrieved 2016-02-09.
  12. ^ Kent Cricket will start 2015 season with two away trips, Canterbury Times, 2014-11-28. Retrieved 2016-02.09.
  13. ^ Canterbury hosts festival week, ECB, 2008-07-08. Retrieved 2016-02-09.
  14. ^ London 2012: Kent chief executive not concerned at Olympic clash, BBC Sport website. 2011-11-30. Retrieved 2016-02-09.
  15. ^ Nevill Ground, CricInfo. Retrieved 2016-02-09.
  16. ^ Kent coach Paul Farbrace hails Tunbridge Wells support, BBC Sport website, 2010-06-10. Retrieved 2016-02-09.
  17. ^ Kent end 140-year Maidstone deal, BBC Sport website, 2005-09-30. Retrieved 2016-02-09.
  18. ^ Kent buoyed by Beckenham ground redevelopment approval, Kent Online, 2012-01-14. Retrieved 2016-02-03.
  19. ^ Kent County Cricket Club Annual 2007. p. 268. 
  20. ^ Rob Key, ESPNcricinfo profile. Retrieved 2015-09-30.
  21. ^ Joe Denly, ESPNcricinfo profile. Retrieved 2015-09-30.
  22. ^ Sam Northeast: Kent appoint batsman as club captain, BBC sport website, 2015-09-30. Retrieved 2015-09-30.
  23. ^ a b Vince to lead England Lions, ECB, 2015-09-16. Retrieved 2015-09-30.
  24. ^ Sam Billings, ESPNcricinfo profile. Retrieved 2015-09-30.
  25. ^ James Tredwell, ESPNcricinfo profile/ Retrieved 2015-09-30.
  26. ^ Taylor to captain under-19s in Colombo, ECB, 2014-09-24. Retrieved 2015-09-30.
  27. ^ Jonathan Trott selected for England Lions tour of South Africa to take step closer to England return The Independent, 2014-10-28. Retrieved 2015-09-30.

Bibliography[edit]

  • ACS (1982). A Guide to First-Class Cricket Matches Played in the British Isles. Nottingham: ACS. 
  • ACS (1981). A Guide to Important Cricket Matches Played in the British Isles 1709 – 1863. Nottingham: ACS. 
  • Altham, H. S. (1962). A History of Cricket, Volume 1 (to 1914). George Allen & Unwin. 
  • Barclays (1986). Swanton, E. W., ed. Barclays World of Cricket. Willow Books. ISBN 0-00-218193-2. 
  • Birley, Derek (1999). A Social History of English Cricket. Aurum. ISBN 1-85410-710-0. 
  • Bowen, Rowland (1970). Cricket: A History of its Growth and Development. Eyre & Spottiswoode. 
  • Haygarth, Arthur (1862). Scores & Biographies, Volume 1 (1744–1826). Lillywhite. ISBN 1-900592-23-1. 
  • F. S. Ashley-Cooper, Kent Cricket Matches 1719–1880, Gibbs & Sons, 1929
  • The History of Kent County Cricket Club; Dudley Moore. 1988. ISBN 0-7470-2209-7
  • Playfair Cricket Annual
  • Wisden Cricketers' Almanack

External links[edit]