Kentaro Miura

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Kentaro Miura
Kentaro Miura.png
Native name
三浦 建太郎
Born(1966-07-11)July 11, 1966
Chiba, Japan
DiedMay 6, 2021(2021-05-06) (aged 54)
OccupationManga artist
GenreDark fantasy
Notable worksBerserk
Notable awards
Years active1985–2021

Kentaro Miura (三浦 建太郎, Miura Kentarō, July 11, 1966 – May 6, 2021) was a Japanese manga artist. He was best known for his acclaimed dark fantasy series Berserk, which began serialization in 1989 and continued until his death. As of 2021, Berserk had more than 50 million copies in circulation, making it one of the best-selling manga series of all time. In 2002, Miura received the Award for Excellence at the 6th Tezuka Osamu Cultural Prizes.

Early life and education[edit]

Miura was born on July 11, 1966, in Chiba, Chiba Prefecture, Japan.[1] In 1976, at the age of 10, he created his first manga, entitled Miuranger, which was published for his classmates in a school publication; the series ended up spanning 40 volumes.[2] In 1977, Miura created his second manga, Ken e no Michi (剣への道, "The Way to the Sword"), in which he used India ink for the first time. When he was in middle school in 1979, his drawing techniques improved greatly as he started using professional drawing techniques.[3]

While in high school in 1982, Miura enrolled in an artistic curriculum, where he and his classmates started publishing their works in school booklets.[3] There, he befriended his later fellow manga artist Kouji Mori [ja]. They both co-authored a science fiction doujinshi which was sent to Weekly Shōnen Sunday, but was shot down in the last round of selections.[4] At age 18, Miura briefly worked as an assistant to Jyoji Morikawa, of Hajime no Ippo fame. Morikawa quickly acknowledged Miura's high artistic level and dismissed him, saying there was nothing he could teach that Miura did not already know.[5][6] By then, Miura had a dark warrior with a gigantic sword already illustrated in his portfolio.[7][8]

Career[edit]

In 1985, Miura applied for entrance to the art college of Nihon University. He submitted a short project, Futatabi (再び, "Once More"), for examination and was granted admission. The project later earned him the 34th Newcomer Manga Award from Weekly Shōnen Magazine.[2] Miura's next work, NOA, was published in Fresh Magazine in the same year,[9][2] but it was not successful.[10] In 1988, while working for Buronson on a project titled King of Wolves (王狼, Ōrō),[5] Miura published a prototype of Berserk in Hakusensha's Monthly ComiComi;[1][11] the 48-page prototype placed second in ComiComi's 7th Manga School competition.[12] The full serialization of Berserk, which would become Miura's most famous and successful work, began in Hakusensha's Monthly Animal House in 1989.[3] In 1990, a sequel to King of Wolves, entitled Ōrō Den (王狼伝, "Legend of the King of Wolves"), was published in the same magazine.[13] In 1992, Monthly Animal House was renamed Young Animal, where Berserk continued serialization. In the same year, Miura collaborated with Buronson on the manga Japan, which was also published in Young Animal.[14]

In 1997, Miura supervised the production of a 25-episode anime adaptation of Berserk produced by OLM, Inc., which aired in the same year on NTV. He also supervised the 1999 Dreamcast video game Sword of the Berserk: Guts' Rage. In 2002, Miura received the Award for Excellence at the 6th Tezuka Osamu Cultural Prizes for Berserk.[12][15] Starting in 2006, Berserk went on frequent and often extended hiatuses,[16] and alternated between monthly and irregular serialization. As of 2018, Berserk was collected into 40 tankōbon volumes in Japan, and as of May 2021 it had more than 50 million copies in circulation worldwide, including digital versions.[17] The series also spawned a host of merchandise, both official and fan-made, ranging from statues, action figures to key rings, video games, and a trading card game. Various art books and supplemental materials by Miura based on Berserk were also released.

In 2013, Miura released the short standalone manga Giganto Maxia, published in English-speaking territories by Dark Horse in 2016.[18] Duranki, a short manga produced by Miura's personal manga studio Studio Gaga, was serialized in Young Animal Zero in 2019.[19]

Influences[edit]

Miura stated that the work that had the biggest impact on his own was Buronson and Tetsuo Hara's manga Fist of the North Star (1983 debut).[20] Miura also cited influences from Go Nagai's Violence Jack (1973 debut), the Japanese fantasy novel series Guin Saga (1979 debut), Paul Verhoeven films, the Hellraiser series (1987 debut), shōjo manga, Disney films, and the works of Hieronymous Bosch, M. C. Escher, Gustave Doré, and Pieter Bruegel.[21]

Death[edit]

On May 6, 2021, Miura died due to acute aortic dissection, at the age of 54. His death was publicly announced on May 20, 2021.[22][23] A private ceremony was held by his family.[13]

Various manga artists offered condolences, including Kouji Mori, Miura's high school friend,[24] and George Morikawa, who shared a story of their friendship.[8] People who worked on the Berserk anime adaptations also paid tribute to Miura, including Susumu Hirasawa, composer for the 1997 series;[8] Nobutoshi Canna and Yūko Miyamura, who voiced Guts and Casca, respectively, in the 1997 series;[25] Hiroaki Iwanaga, Guts' voice actor since the 2012–13 film trilogy;[25] and singer Yoshino Nanjō, who voiced Sonia and performed the ending theme for the 2016 series' second season with Nagi Yanagi.[8]

Legacy[edit]

Established as one of the best-selling manga of all time,[17] Miura's series Berserk impacted the manga medium and beyond, with journalist Jade King stating: "[It] is difficult to overstate the tremendous impact his work has had on the world of games, manga, film, anime, and even literature." The image of Guts and his massive sword is attributed to inspiring characters like Cloud Strife of Final Fantasy VII and Dante from the Devil May Cry series, with the overall aesthetic of Berserk inspiring the monsters and world of the Dark Souls series.[26][27] Video game director Hideaki Itsuno and producer Hiroyuki Kobayashi are fans of Berserk, and the role-playing hack and slash game Dragon's Dogma included armor based on Guts and Griffith's.[28][29] During a GDC talk in 2019, Itsuno stated that the tone and style of Devil May Cry 5 was inspired from Berserk.[30]

Many authors have cited Miura and Berserk as influences, including Blue Exorcist author Kazue Kato,[31] Baccano! and Durarara!! author Ryōgo Narita,[32] Black Butler author Yana Toboso,[24] Black Clover author Yūki Tabata,[33] and Attack on Titan author Hajime Isayama, who called it "tremendous, just magnificent [...] I got the impression that it was very well organized like a movie".[34] Yoko Taro stated that the protagonist of Drakengard, Caim, was inspired by Berserk's protagonist Guts.[35]

A "memorial" Young Animal issue dedicated to Miura was released on September 10, 2021. Besides the inclusion of the posthumous chapter 364 of Berserk, the issue featured a special "Messages to Kentarou Miura" booklet and a poster of "famous scenes" from the manga.[36][37] In the issue, manga artist Kouji Mori, Miura's long-time friend, published a one-shot titled "Mori-chan Ken-chan", which tells the story of Mori's friendship with Miura.[38]

On June 7, 2022, Hakusensha and Kouji Mori announced that Berserk would continue publication, using plans and thoughts that were relayed to Mori by Miura himself, as well as memorandums and character designs that Miura left behind.[39] As the only person who knows the ending Miura intended, Mori agreed to continue the series and promised, "I will only write the episodes that Miura talked to me about. I will not flesh it out. I will not write episodes that I don't remember clearly. I will only write the lines and stories that Miura described to me."[39] The credits appear as "original work by Kentaro Miura, art by Studio Gaga, supervised by Kouji Mori".[39][40][41]

Works[edit]

  • Futatabi (再び, "Once More") (1985) — One-shot. Published in Kodansha's Weekly Shōnen Magazine.[42]
  • NOA (1985) — One-shot. Published in Kodansha's Fresh Magazine.[9]
  • Berserk: The Prototype (ベルセルク, Beruseruku) (1988) — One-shot. Published in Hakusensha's Monthly ComiComi.[13]
  • King of Wolves (王狼, Ōrō) (1989) — Written by Buronson, illustrated by Miura. Serialized in Hakusensha's Monthly Animal House.[43]
  • Berserk (ベルセルク, Beruseruku) (1989–2021) — Serialized in Hakusensha's Monthly Animal House (1989–1992) and Young Animal (1992–2021).[13]
  • Ōrō Den (王狼伝) (1990) — Written by Buronson, illustrated by Miura. Serialized in Hakusensha's Monthly Animal House.[43]
  • Japan (ジャパン) (1992) — Written by Buronson, illustrated by Miura. Serialized in Hakusensha's Young Animal.[43]
  • Giganto Maxia (ギガントマキア, Gigantomakia) (2013–2014) — Serialized in Hakusensha's Young Animal.[13]
  • Duranki (ドゥルアンキ) (2019–2020) — Serialized in Hakusensha's Young Animal Zero.[13]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b 三浦建太郎 [Kentaro Miura]. Natalie (in Japanese). Archived from the original on October 11, 2020. Retrieved June 29, 2020.
  2. ^ a b c 三浦建太郎先生年譜&作品リスト [Kentaro Miura's Chronology & Work List] (in Japanese). Hakusensha. Archived from the original on November 5, 1999. Retrieved May 29, 2021.
  3. ^ a b c Miura, Kentarō (2019). Berserk. DeAngelis, Jason,, Johnson, Duane, 1976-, Nakrosis, Dan,, Studio Cutie (Deluxe edition. First ed.). Milwaukie OR. ISBN 978-1-5067-1198-0. OCLC 1050142713.
  4. ^ Luster, Joseph (August 12, 2016). "FEATURE: "Berserk" Discussion Explores Kentarō Miura's Roots". Crunchyroll. Archived from the original on May 6, 2021. Retrieved May 22, 2021.
  5. ^ a b Pinon, Matthieu (April 16, 2019). "Personnalité de la semaine : Kentarô Miura" [Personality of the week: Kentaro Miura]. Animeland (in French). Archived from the original on April 16, 2019. Retrieved June 29, 2020.
  6. ^ 【11限目】 特別インタビュー「僕が“森川ジョージ”になるためにやってきたこと」(4/4). moae.jp (in Japanese). Kodansha. October 11, 2016. Archived from the original on October 12, 2016. Retrieved May 21, 2021.
  7. ^ Paquot, Valentin (March 19, 2020). "George Morikawa : «En trente ans de manga je n'ai jamais eu le syndrome de la page blanche !»" [George Morikawa: "In thirty years of manga I have never had the blank page syndrome!"]. Le Figaro (in French). Archived from the original on May 27, 2021. Retrieved May 27, 2021.
  8. ^ a b c d Pineda, Rafael Antonio; Morrissy, Kim (May 20, 2021). "Creators Offer Condolences for Berserk Creator Kentarou Miura's Passing". Anime News Network. Archived from the original on May 20, 2021. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
  9. ^ a b Miura, Kentaro (January 1, 2002). Berserk Illustration Book (in German). Panini Comics. p. 121. ISBN 978-3-89921-224-2.
  10. ^ C, Ben (September 21, 2012). "REEL ANIME: Kentaro Miura and how a manga epic went Berserk". Madman Entertainment. Archived from the original on August 10, 2020. Retrieved December 2, 2019.
  11. ^ 「ベルセルク」三浦建太郎氏、24年ぶりの完全オリジナル新作―その間ベルセルクは連載お休み [Kentaro Miura, known for Berserk, releases first new original work in 24 years, while Berserk is on break]. Livedoor (in Japanese). November 8, 2013. Archived from the original on May 23, 2021. Retrieved December 2, 2019.
  12. ^ a b 第6回 マンガ優秀賞 三浦建太郎 『ベルセルク』 [Sixth award for excellence in manga, Kentaro Miura's "Berserk"] (in Japanese). Asahi Shimbun. Archived from the original on October 16, 2018. Retrieved July 18, 2010.
  13. ^ a b c d e f Loo, Egan (May 19, 2021). "Berserk Manga Creator Kentarou Miura Passes Away at 54". Anime News Network. Archived from the original on May 20, 2021. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
  14. ^ "JAPAN TPB". Dark Horse Comics. Archived from the original on May 20, 2021. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
  15. ^ "2002 (6th) Osamu Tezuka Cultural Prizes". The Hahn Library. Archived from the original on December 30, 2007.
  16. ^ Sherman, Jennifer (September 19, 2017). "Berserk Creator Reveals He Based Band of the Hawk on High School Friendship". Anime News Network. Archived from the original on November 30, 2019. Retrieved December 2, 2019.
  17. ^ a b 漫画「ベルセルク」を長期連載中 三浦建太郎さん死去 [Author of long-running series "Berserk", Kentaro Miura, passes]. The Asahi Shimbun (in Japanese). May 20, 2021. Archived from the original on May 20, 2021. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
  18. ^ Hodgkins, Crystalyn (May 16, 2015). "Dark Horse Adds Giganto Maxia, RG Veda, Danganronpa, I Am a Hero Manga". Anime News Network. Archived from the original on February 28, 2021. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
  19. ^ Sherman, Jennifer (August 22, 2019). "Berserk's Kentarou Miura Produces New Duranki Manga". Anime News Network. Archived from the original on May 20, 2021. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
  20. ^ ""Berserk" Discussion Explores Kentarō Miura's Roots". Crunchyroll. August 12, 2016. Archived from the original on December 13, 2017. Retrieved September 11, 2016.
  21. ^ Bullington, Jesse (2019). "Kentaro Miura, Grandmaster of Grimdark". In Boskovich, Desirina (ed.). Lost Transmissions: The Secret History of Science Fiction and Fantasy. Abrams Books. p. 628. ISBN 978-1-68335-498-7. Archived from the original on May 21, 2021. Retrieved May 17, 2020.
  22. ^ 訃報 三浦建太郎先生が逝去されました [Obituary: Kentaro Miura has passed away] (in Japanese). Hakusensha. May 20, 2021. Archived from the original on May 20, 2021. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
  23. ^ 漫画家・三浦建太郎さんが死去 54歳 『ベルセルク』『ドゥルアンキ』など [Manga artist Kentaro Miura, known for "Berserk", "Duranki", Etc. passes away at age 54]. Oricon News (in Japanese). May 20, 2021. Archived from the original on May 20, 2021. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
  24. ^ a b 『ベルセルク』などで知られる漫画家・三浦建太郎先生の訃報に際し、SNS上で反応を見せた同業者の声. animate Times (in Japanese). May 21, 2021. Archived from the original on May 23, 2021. Retrieved May 23, 2021.
  25. ^ a b 『ベルセルク』主人公ガッツ役・岩永洋昭、作者の一言に感謝「一生忘れません」. Oricon News (in Japanese). May 20, 2021. Archived from the original on May 23, 2021. Retrieved May 23, 2021.
  26. ^ Park, Gene (May 20, 2021). "Remembering Kentaro Miura, legendary creator of 'Berserk', which inspired countless fantasy stories". The Washington Post. Archived from the original on May 20, 2021. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
  27. ^ King, Jade (May 20, 2021). "Remembering The Life, Work, And Influence Of Kentaro Miura". The Gamer. Archived from the original on May 20, 2021. Retrieved May 20, 2021.
  28. ^ Loo, Egan (September 15, 2011). "Berserk Film to Collaborate with Capcom's Dragon's Dogma". Anime News Network. Retrieved May 23, 2021.
  29. ^ Ming, Nate (February 16, 2012). ""Dragon's Dogma" gets "Berserk" Armor and Weapons, and Limited Edition Goods!". Crunchyroll. Archived from the original on November 20, 2020. Retrieved May 23, 2021.
  30. ^ Behan, Daire (May 22, 2021). "Berserk's Influence on Video Games". Game Rant. Retrieved May 22, 2021.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  31. ^ 映画「ベルセルク 黄金時代篇II ドルドレイ攻略」-ストーリーガイド、加藤和恵インタビュー [Movie "Berserk: Golden Age Arc II - The Battle for Doldrey" Story Guide, Kazue Kato interview]. Natalie (in Japanese). Natasha, Inc. June 18, 2012. Archived from the original on January 19, 2020. Retrieved May 21, 2021.
  32. ^ Narita, Ryōgo [@ryohgo_narita] (May 20, 2021). ベルセルク本編はもちろんの事、ベルセルクに影響を受けた作品にも数多く触れてきて今も触れ続けているのだなとしみじみと感じる。 (Tweet) (in Japanese) – via Twitter.
  33. ^ Chéry, Lloyd (July 7, 2018). "Black Clover, le meilleur manga de fantasy expliqué par son auteur" [Black Clover, the best fantasy manga explained by its author]. Le Point (in French). Archived from the original on May 2, 2021. Retrieved May 27, 2021.
  34. ^ 映画「ベルセルク 黄金時代篇III 降臨」-諫山創インタビュー、窪岡俊之監督インタビュー [Movie "Berserk: Golden Age Arc III - The Advent" - Hajime Isayama interview, Toshiyuki Kubooka interview]. Natalie (in Japanese). Natasha, Inc. January 28, 2013. Archived from the original on November 27, 2020. Retrieved May 21, 2021.
  35. ^ Yoko, Taro (May 4, 2013). 【仕事】ドラゴン3座談会とかイロイロ。. Taro Yoko Blog. Archived from the original on November 17, 2013. Retrieved May 23, 2021.
  36. ^ 「ベルセルク」最新364話が次号ヤングアニマルに掲載、メモリアル企画も. Natalie (in Japanese). Natasha, Inc. August 12, 2021. Retrieved August 11, 2021.
  37. ^ Hazra, Adriana (August 11, 2021). "Kentarou Miura's Berserk Manga Gets New Chapter". Anime News Network. Retrieved August 11, 2021.
  38. ^ Pineda, Rafael Antonio (September 11, 2021). "Kouji Mori Draws 1-Shot Manga About Lifelong Friendship With Kentarou Miura". Anime News Network. Retrieved September 11, 2021.
  39. ^ a b c 『ベルセルク』再開のお知らせ (in Japanese). Hakusensha. June 7, 2022. Archived from the original on June 7, 2022. Retrieved June 7, 2022.
  40. ^ Pineda, Rafael Antonio (June 7, 2022). "Berserk Manga Continues Under Kentarou Miura's Assistants, Kouji Mori's Supervision". Anime News Network. Archived from the original on June 7, 2022. Retrieved June 7, 2022.
  41. ^ 「ベルセルク」連載再開、「自分たちの中に根付いた『三浦建太郎』を真摯に紡ぎたい」. Natalie (in Japanese). Natasha, Inc. June 7, 2022. Archived from the original on June 7, 2022. Retrieved June 8, 2022.
  42. ^ 週刊少年マガジン1985年36 [Weekly Shōnen Magazine 1985, 36]. Media Arts Database (in Japanese). Agency for Cultural Affairs. Archived from the original on May 21, 2021. Retrieved May 21, 2021.
  43. ^ a b c 『原作者・武論尊、もしくは史村翔』 [Original creator, Buronson, also Fumimura Sho]. manga-gai.net (in Japanese). Ginnansha Co.,Ltd. March 13, 2004. Archived from the original on October 31, 2014. Retrieved May 20, 2021.

External links[edit]