Kenting National Park

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Kenting National Park
IUCN category II (national park)
Maobitou Cape 01.jpg
Cape Maobitou in Kenting National Park
Map showing the location of Kenting National Park
Location of Kenting National Park in Taiwan
Location Taiwan
Nearest city Hengchun
Coordinates 21°58′48″N 120°47′49″E / 21.98°N 120.797°E / 21.98; 120.797Coordinates: 21°58′48″N 120°47′49″E / 21.98°N 120.797°E / 21.98; 120.797
Area 333 square kilometres (129 sq mi)
Established 1 January 1984
Visitors 8,376,708 (in 2014)
Governing body Kenting National Park Administration Office
http://www.ktnp.gov.tw/eng/
Kenting National Park
Traditional Chinese 國家公園
Simplified Chinese 国家公园

The Kenting National Park (Chinese: 墾丁國家公園; pinyin: Kěndīng Gúojiā Gōngyuán), commonly known as Kenting (Chinese: 墾丁; pinyin: Kěndīng), is a national park located in the Hengchun Peninsula of Pingtung County, Taiwan, covering Hengchun, Checheng, and Manzhou Townships. Established on January 1, 1984, it is Taiwan's oldest and southernmost national park, covering the southernmost area of the Taiwan island along Bashi Channel. Administered by the Executive Yuan's Ministry of the Interior, this national park is well known for its tropical climate and sunshine, scenic mountain and beach, the Spring Scream rock-band festival held in every March,[1] and has long been one of the most popular tourist destinations in Taiwan.

Geography[edit]

The park covers about 181 square kilometres (70 sq mi) of land, 152 square kilometres (59 sq mi) of sea, weighing in at 333 square kilometres (129 sq mi) combined. Nan Wan and Banana Bay (香蕉灣) is surrounded by the Pacific Ocean, the Taiwan Strait, and the Luzon Strait. The park is 90 kilometres (56 mi) away from Kaohsiung, 140 kilometres (87 mi) away from Tainan.

The landscape boasted by Kenting National Park is divided into two parts by the long and narrow Hengchun Longitudinal Valley Plain that extends from north to south. With coral sea cliffs teemed with fringing reefs along the west coast, the park features a large number of mountains in the north, and coral tablelands and foothills in the south. The plain, which is formed by fault valleys, has a vast lake called Longlyuantan, together with rising coral tablelands and limestone caves to the east. The east side of the coral tablelands features unique sand rivers and sand waterfalls formed by the combined effects of winds and rivers, as well as coral cliffs, sunken caves and stalactites.

Biodiversity[edit]

The park hosts rich terrestrial biodiversity of fauna and flora including 15 species of mammals, 310 species of birds, 59 species of reptiles and amphibians, 21 species of freshwater fish, 216 species of butterflies, and various insects.[2]

Eluanbi Park or Oluanpi Park (鹅銮鼻公园) is located at Cape Eluanbi.[3] Nature reserves such as the Longkeng Ecological Protection Area (龍坑生態保護區)[4] protecting coral reefs and virgin forst of Banana Bay and Hengchun Peninsula.[5] 26 species of land crabs inhabit in the area and which is the highest diversity of terrestrial crabs in single areas in the world.[6]

Ocean current which flows off the park provides rich diversities of marine ecosystems including sea birds, sea turtles including critically endangered hawksbill turtles,[7] sharks such as bull sharks[8] and whale sharks,[9][10] and smaller to medium sized cetaceans.[11][12][13] The area was once a major wintering ground for sperm and baleen whales[14] especially humpback whales that migrated into Nan Wan and Banana Bay.[15] Japanese whaling during Japanese colonial days,[16][17][18] led to severe depletions or disappearances of whales in consequence. Today, none or if very few whales still migrate along Hengchun Peninsula and into the park's waters.[19][20] Dugongs, thought to be either fully or functionally extinct in Taiwan, were reported in 1950s and 60s, and these were some of the last report of the species in Taiwanese waters.[21]

Climate[edit]

Kenting is known for its tropical climate with warm to hot weather year round. Along with the rest of Pingtung, the climate is geographically classified as a tropical monsoon climate.

Climate data for Kenting National Park
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 24.8
(76.6)
25.3
(77.5)
27.5
(81.5)
29.5
(85.1)
31.0
(87.8)
31.5
(88.7)
32.0
(89.6)
31.7
(89.1)
31.1
(88)
29.8
(85.6)
27.6
(81.7)
25.0
(77)
28.9
(84.02)
Daily mean °C (°F) 21.5
(70.7)
22.0
(71.6)
23.8
(74.8)
25.8
(78.4)
27.5
(81.5)
28.4
(83.1)
28.7
(83.7)
28.4
(83.1)
27.8
(82)
26.7
(80.1)
24.8
(76.6)
22.3
(72.1)
25.64
(78.14)
Average low °C (°F) 18.2
(64.8)
18.8
(65.8)
20.2
(68.4)
22.3
(72.1)
24.1
(75.4)
25.3
(77.5)
25.6
(78.1)
25.3
(77.5)
24.7
(76.5)
23.9
(75)
22.0
(71.6)
19.3
(66.7)
22.5
(72.5)
Average rainfall mm (inches) 25.7
(1.012)
27.7
(1.091)
19.9
(0.783)
43.5
(1.713)
163.9
(6.453)
371.3
(14.618)
396.3
(15.602)
475.2
(18.709)
288.3
(11.35)
141.8
(5.583)
43.2
(1.701)
20.6
(0.811)
2,017.4
(79.425)
Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm) 8.0 6.8 4.8 6.3 11.1 16.9 16.4 18.9 15.9 10.8 7.1 6.1 129.1
Average relative humidity (%) 72.6 73.7 74.4 75.4 78.5 83.6 83.3 84.0 79.7 74.0 70.8 70.7 76.7
Mean monthly sunshine hours 168.0 165.1 199.7 192.6 193.9 183.6 221.0 195.5 177.2 198.1 177.7 161.4 2,233.8
Source: Central Weather Bureau[22]

Lighthouse[edit]

Eluanbi Lighthouse was completed in 1883, following requests from the American and Japanese governments to the Chinese government after several shipwrecks occurred in the 1860s (including the Rover incident). Chinese troops had to be sent to protect the lighthouse during construction from attacks by local tribesmen, and the lighthouse was surrounded by a fort with cannons and a ditch for protection.[23] It is one of the rare examples in the world of a fortified lighthouse. The lighthouse itself is 21.4 metres (70 ft) high and its light is 56.4 metres (185 ft) above the tidal high water. The light flashes every 10 seconds and its range is 27.2 nautical miles (50.4 km).

Transportation[edit]

In popular culture[edit]

  • Spring Scream: A well-known international rock-band festival held inside this park since 1995
  • Most parts of the movie Cape No. 7 were filmed inside this park, and nearby Hengchun

Pictures[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]